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Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (Social Impact Assessment and Consent) Rules, 2014


Social Impact Assessment Report

[See sub-rule (3) of rule 3, sub-rule (5) & (6) of rule 7 and rule 14]

A. List of socio-economic and cultural parameters to be covered by the Social Impact Assessment

     Demographic details of the population in the project area

a.     Age, sex, caste, religion

b.    Literacy, health and nutritional status


     Poverty levels

3.     Vulnerable groups

a.     Women,

b.    children,

c.     the elderly,

d.    women-headed households,

e.     the differently abled




4.      Kinship patterns and women’s role in the family

5.      Social and cultural organisation

6.      Administrative organisation

7.      Political organisation

8.      Civil society organisations and social movements

9.      Land use and livelihood

a.     Agricultural and non-agricultural use

b.    Quality of land – soil, water, trees etc.

c.     Livestock

d.    Formal and informal work and employment

e.     Household division of labour and women’s work

f.     Migration

g.    Household income levels

h.     Livelihood preferences

i.      Food security










10.   Local economic activities

a.     Formal and informal, local industries

b.    Access to credit

c.     Wage rates

d.    Specific livelihood activities women are involved in

11.   Factors that contribute to local livelihoods

              i.        Access to natural resources

             ii.        Common property resources

            iii.        Private assets

            iv.        Roads, transportation

             v.        Irrigation facilities

            vi.        Access to markets

           vii.        Tourist sites

          viii.        Livelihood promotion programmes

            ix.        Co-operatives and other livelihood-related associations











12.   Quality of the living environment

a.     Perceptions, aesthetic qualities, attachments and aspirations

b.    Settlement patterns

c.     Houses

d.    Community and civic spaces

e.     Sites of religious and cultural meaning

f.     Physical infrastructure (including water supply, sewage systems etc.)

g.    Public service infrastructure (schools, health facilities, anganwadi centres, public distribution system)

h.     Safety, crime, violence

i.      Social gathering points for women

B. Key impact areas

     Impacts on land, livelihoods and income

a.     Level and type of employment

b.    Intra-household employment patterns

c.     Income levels

d.    Food security

e.     Standard of living

f.     Access and control over productive resources

g.    Economic dependency or vulnerability

h.     Disruption of local economy

i.      Impoverishment risks

j.       Women’s access to livelihood alternatives


     Impacts on physical resources

a.     Impacts on natural resources, soil, air, water, forests

b.    Pressures on land and common property natural resources for livelihoods

3.      Impacts on private assets, public services and utilities

a.     Capacity of existing health and education facilities

b.    Capacity of housing facilities

c.     Pressure on supply of local services

d.    Adequacy of electrical and water supply, roads, sanitation and waste management system

e.     Impact on private assets such as bore wells, temporary sheds etc.




4.      Health impacts

a.     Health impacts due to in-migration

b.    Health impacts due to project activities with a special emphasis on:-

                      i.        Impact on women’s health

                     ii.        Impact on the elderly





5.      Impacts on culture and social cohesion

a.     Transformation of local political structures

b.    Demographic changes

c.     Shifts in the economy-ecology balance

d.    Impacts on the norms, beliefs, values and cultural life

e.     Crime and illicit activities

f.     Stress of dislocation

g.    Impact of separation of family cohesion

h.     Violence against women

6.      Impacts at different stages of the project cycle The type, timing, duration, and intensity of social impacts will depend on and relate closely to the stages of the project cycle. Below is an indicative list of impacts

a.     Pre-construction phase

                      i.        Interruption in the delivery of services

                     ii.        Drop in productive investment

                    iii.        Land speculation

                    iv.        Stress of uncertainty


b.    Construction phase

                      i.        Displacement and relocation

                     ii.        Influx of migrant construction workforce

                    iii.        Health impacts on those who continue to live close to the construction site



c.     Operation phase

                      i.        Reduction in employment opportunities compared to the construction phase

                     ii.        Economic benefits of the project

                    iii.        Benefits on new infrastructure

                    iv.        New patterns of social organisation

d.    De-commissioning phase

                      i.        Loss of economic opportunities

                     ii.        Environmental degradation and its impact on livelihoods





e.     Direct and indirect impacts

                      i.        “Direct impacts” will include all impacts that are likely to be experienced by the affected families (i.e. Direct land and livelihood losers)

                     ii.        “Indirect impacts” will include all impacts that may be experienced by those not directly affected by the acquisition of land but those living in the project area

f.     Differential impacts

                      i.        Impact on women, children, the elderly and the different abled

                     ii.        Impacts identified through tools such as Gender Impact Assessment Checklists, and Vulnerability and Resilience Mapping







g.    Cumulative impacts

                      i.        Measureable and potential impacts of other projects in the area along with the identified impacts for the project in question.

                     ii.        Impact on those not directly in the project area but based locally or even regionally.

C. Table of Contents for Social Impact Assessment Report and Social Impact Management Plan



Executive Summary

(a) Project and public purpose

(b) Location

(c) Size and attributes of land acquisition

(d) Alternatives considered

(e) Social Impacts

(f) Mitigation measures

(g) Assessment of social costs and benefits

Detailed Project Description

(a) Background of the project, including developers background and governance or management structure

(b) Rationale for project including how the project fits the public purpose criteria listed in the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013.

(c) Details of project size, location, capacity, outputs, production targets, cost, risks

(d) Examination of alternatives

(e) Phases of project construction

(f) Core design features and size and type of facilities

(g) Need for ancillary infrastructural facilities

(h) Work force requirements (temporary and permanent)

(i) Details of Social Impact Assessment or Environmental Impact Assessment if already conducted and any technical feasibility reports

(j) Applicable legislations and policies

Team composition, approach, methodology and Schedule of the Social Impact Assessment

(a) List of all team members with qualifications. Gender experts to be included in team.

(b) Description and rationale for the methodology and tools used to collect information for the Social Impact Assessment.

(c) Sampling methodology used.

(d) Overview of information or data sources used. Detailed reference must be included separately in the forms.

(e) Schedule of consultations with key stakeholders and brief description of public hearings conducted. Details of the public hearings and the specific feedback incorporated into the Report must be included in the forms.

Land Assessment

(a) Information from land inventories and primary sources - Describe with the help of the maps

(b) Entire area of impact under the influence of the project (not limited to land area for acquisition)

(c) Total land requirement for the project

(d) Present use of any public, unutilised land in the vicinity of the project area

(e) Land (if any) already purchased, alienated, leased or acquired, and the intended use for each plot of land required for the project

(f) Quantity and location of land proposed to be acquired for the project

(g) Nature, present use and classification of land and if agricultural land, irrigation coverage and cropping patterns

(h) Size of holdings, ownership patterns, land distribution, and number of residential houses

(i) Land prices and recent changes in ownership, transfer and use of lands over the last 3 years

Estimation and enumeration (where required) of affected families and assets

Estimation of the following types of families that are -

(a) Directly affected (own land that is proposed to be acquired):

(i) Are tenants or occupy the land proposed to be acquired

(ii) The Scheduled Tribes and other traditional forest dwellers who have lost any of their forest rights

(iii) Depend on common property resources which will be affected due to acquisition of land for their livelihood

(iv) Have been assigned land by the appropriate Government under any of its schemes and such land is under acquisition;

(v) Have been residing on any land in the urban areas for preceding three years or more prior to the acquisition of the land

(vi) Have depended on the land being acquired as a primary source of livelihood for three years prior to the acquisition

(b) Indirectly impacted by the project (not affected directly by the acquisition of own lands)

(c) Inventory of productive assets and significant lands

Socio-economic and cultural profile (affected area and resettlement site)

(a) Demographic details of the population in the project area

(b) Income and poverty levels

(c) Vulnerable groups

(d) Land use and livelihood

(e) Local economic activities

(f) Factors that contribute to local livelihoods

(g) Kinship patterns and social and cultural organisation

(h) Administrative organisation

(i) Political organisation

(j) Community-based and civil society organisations

(k) Regional dynamics and historical change processes

(l) Quality of the living environment

Social impacts

(a) Framework and approach to identifying impacts

(b) Description of impacts at various stages of the project cycle such as impacts on health and livelihoods and culture. For each type of impact, separate indication of whether it is a direct or indirect impact, differential impacts on different categories of affected families and where applicable cumulative impacts

(c) Indicative list of impacts areas include: impacts on land, livelihoods and income, physical resources, private assets, public services and utilities, health, culture and social cohesion and gender based impacts

Analysis of costs and benefits and recommendation on acquisition

(a) Final conclusions on: assessment of public purpose, less-displacing alternatives, minimum requirements of land, the nature and intensity of social impacts, the viability of the mitigation measures and the extent to which mitigation measures described in the Social Impact Management Plan will address the full range of social impacts and adverse social costs.

(b) The above analysis will use the equity principle described in Rule 9(10) as a criteria of analysis for presenting a final recommendation on whether the acquisition should go through or not

References and Forms

For reference and further information

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