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Report No. 198

5.4 Talab Haji Hussain Case: (cancellation of bail): (1958)

The facts in Talab Haji Hussain v. Madhukar Purushottam Mondkar: AIR 1958 SC 376 were that the person was accused of having committed an offence which was bailable but the High Court, in exercise of its inherent power, allowed an application by the complainant for cancelling the bail on the ground that "it would not be safe to permit the appellant to be at large". The Supreme Court confirmed the order of cancellation and observed that the primary purpose of the Criminal Procedure Code was to ensure a fair trial to an accused person as well as to the prosecution. The Court observed:

"It is therefore of the utmost importance that, in a criminal trial, witnesses should be able to give evidence without inducement or threat either from the prosecution or the defence the progress of a criminal trial must not be obstructed by the accused so as to lead to the acquittal of a really guilty offender there can be no possible doubt that, if any conduct on the part of an accused person is likely to obstruct a fair trial, there is occasion for the exercise of the inherent power of the High Court to secure the ends of justice and it is for the continuance of such a fair trial that the inherent powers of the High Courts, are sought to be invoked by the prosecution in cases where it is alleged that accused person, either by suborning or intimidating witnesses, or obstructing the smooth progress of a fair trial."

The cancellation of bail was justified on the basis of the conduct of the accused subsequent to release on bail.

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