Report No. 78
V. Earlier Studies In India
1.16. Earlier studies of prison problems.-
In India the first comprehensive study1 of prison problems was made by the Indian. Jails Committee in 1919-1920. The Committee made several recommendations concerning prison administration, including a recommendation that separate jails should be set apart for the various categories of prisoners, and a minimum floor area of 75 sq. yards should be provided per inmate in prison construction.
The Committee deprecated overcrowding, and recommended strict limits for each prison, the creation of Children's Courts for hearing all cases of juvenile delinquents and their housing in Remand Homes instead of adult prisons, and the introduction of probation of offenders, in which voluntary individuals could also help. It suggested that short-term imprisonment should be replaced by probation, fine or warning or other substitutes such as work in lieu of imprisonment.
1. Material based on Working Group on Prisoner, Report (1972-1973), paras. 1.2.1 and 1.2.2.