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Report No. 64

The Suppression of Immoral Traffic in Women and Girls Act, 1956

Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction
1.1 Scope and genesis of the Report
2. Scope of the revision
3. Evil of prostitution
4,5. Constitutional provision
6. Rome
7. Attempts to stop prostitution not successful
Chapter 2 Historical Background
2.1. Brief history of the Act
2. Early efforts at regulation
3. Developments in the latter half of 19th century
4. Local legislation since 1923
5. Prostitution in ancient civilisations
6. First rescue home
Chapter 3 Scope of The Act
3.1. Scope of the Act-three broad categories of offences
2. Reasons for narrow scope of the Act
3. Abolition not practicable
4. Question of total prohibition
5. Two views as to drawing the line
6,7. Wider view not recommended
8. Views expressed on the subject of morality and law
9. Report of earlier Committee in India
10. Profession of call-girls
11. Amendment regarding call-girls not recommended
12. Call-girl establishments
13. Position in some other countries
14,15. Statutes in some States in the U.S.A
16. Effective enforcement not practicable
17. Prostitution a social problem
Chapter 3A Comparative Position
3A.1 Comparative Position
2. Repressive measures why hampered
3. Appendix
Chapter 4 Definitions
4.1. Sections of the Act considered
2. Section 2
3. Position at common law
4. Recommendation regarding 'brothel'
5. Recommendation to amend definition of 'brothel'
6. Question of presumption to be drawn from common agency considered
7. Recommendation to insert definition of 'corrective institution'
8. Revised definition
9. Section 2(c)-"Magistrate"
10. Suggestion to delete not accepted - Powers of Magistrates enumerated
11. Recommendation as to various powers in view of separation
12. Definition of Magistrate to be revised, and schedule of powers to be inserted
13,14. Recommendation as to section 2(c)
15. Section 2(e)-'prostitute'
16. Suggestion to add "indiscriminate lewdness" in the definition of prostitute
17. Recommendation to delete section 2(e)
18. Section 2(f)-'prostitution'
19. Change needed in definition of 'prostitution'
20. Suggestion to substitute "indiscriminate lewdness" not accepted
21. Position in the U.S.A. as to "lewdness"
22. Payment need not be immediate
23. Indulgence of the male
24. Person hiring prostitute whether to be punished
25. Definition of "prostitute" to be linked up with definition of "prostitution"
26. Recommendation to revise section 2(f)
27. Section 2-new definition of 'purposes of prostitution-suggestion considered but not accepted
28. Change not recommended
29,30. Section 2(g)-"protective home"-Recommendation to amend
31,32. Section 2(g)-"protective home"-Recommendation to amend
33. Recommendation
34. Exclusion of 'corrective institution from the definition of protective home
35. Section1 (h)-"Public place"-No change recommended
36. Section1 (i)
Chapter 5 Offences
5.1. Section 3(1)
2. Section 3(2)
3. Section 3(3)
4. Section 4-Analysis
5. Section 4(2), proviso
6. Character of circumstances giving rise to presumption
7. Essential link between sub-section (1) and sub-section (2)
8,9. Proviso to section 4(2) superfluous
10. Possible arguments considered
11. Question of increase in the age under section 4(2), proviso
12. Recommendation to delete the proviso to section 4(2)
13. Recommendation to amend section 4(2), main paragraph
14. Section 4(2)(b)
15,16. Section 4(2)(c)
17. Section 4(2)-how to be revised
18. Section 5(1) and section 5(2)
19. Section 5(3)
20. Section 5-Suggestion to add 'purchase or sale of girls'
21. Recommendation to amend sections 372, 373, Penal Code
22. Section 6(1) and section 6(2)
23. Section 6(3)
24. Section 6(4)
25. Section 7(1) - Verbal change recommended
26. Suggestion regarding court to consider probation considered
27. Change recommended
28. Amendment of section 10 recommended
29. Section 7(2)
30. Suggestion considered
31. Section 7(2)-Another suggestion considered
32. Section 8
33. Section 8-Definition of "solicit" not favoured
34. Section 8-Punishment
35. Amendment of section 10
36. Section 9-Amendment recommended
37. Recommendation to amend section 9(1)
38. Section 10
39. Section 10-Analysis
40. Suggestion for revising section 10 considered
41. Distinction between "protective home" and "corrective" institution
42. Connected provisions of Probation Act
43. Amendment of section 10(1) to exclude probation for certain offences
44. Section 10(1), Suppression Act to be amended and section 18, Probation Act, also to be amended
45. Reference to new Code to be substituted
46. Points summarised
47. Section 10(2) to be amended
48. Section 10(3) to be widened
49. Reasons to be recorded for not granting probation-section 10 to be amended
50. Recommendation as to section 10 and to insert section 10A
51. Section 11
52. Section 12
53. Abuse of authority by police officer-whether provision needed-sections 17A and 17B (New)
54. Recommendation to insert new section
55. Delay in the production of girls
56. Offences of wrongful confinement discussed
57. Effect of illegal confinement-General principle
58. Two devices considered
59. Recommendation to insert section 17B
Chapter 6 Procedural Provisions (Sections 13-22)
6.1,2 Introduction
3. Section 13-change not suggested
4. Section 14
5. Extension of provisions as to rescue to women above the age of adult women-Sections 15(4) and 16
6. Relevant provisions summarised
7. Deficiency of the law in regard to rescue of woman under section 15
8. Same comment on section 16
10. Institution to which rescued women should be sent
11. Amendments needed in sections 15(4), 16, 17 and 23(2)
12. Power under section 15-no cliange
13. Section 15(2)-Need for appointing women police officers
14,15,16. Section 16
17,18. Section 16(1)-Suggestion to authorise persons empowered by the State Government
19. Recommendation
20. Suggestion for verbal changes in section 16(1) regarding the phrase "in a brothel"
21. Section 17(1)-Amendment recommended
22. Recommendation to amend section 17(1) by adding a proviso
23. Suggestion regarding section 17(2)
24. Recommendation
25. Redrafts of certain sections
Revised section 17(1), 17(2), 17(2A) to 17(2E) and section 17(4)
26. Sections 17A and 17B (new)
27. Section 18
28. Suggestion to repeal section 18 not accepted
29. Section 19
30. Section 19(1)-Suggestion accepted
31. Recommendation
32. Section 19(1A)-Recommendation regarding interim custody
33. Section 19(2)-Suggestion for inquiry accepted
34. Recommendation to amend section 19(2)
35. Section 20-Removal of prostitutes
36. Validity of section 20 upheld
37. Suggestion for repeal considered
38. Suggestion not accepted
39. Section 21-Preventive Homes
40. Recommendation to add corrective institution
41,42. Section 21 (9A)-Suggestion for power to transfer inmates accepted
43. Recommendation to add sub-section (9A) in section 21
44. Section 22-Trials
45,46. Section 22-Amendment recommended
Chapter 7 Miscellaneous
7.1 Section 23(1)
2. Section 23(2)(b)-Change recommended
3,4. Section 23(2)(c) and 23(2)(f)
5. Section 23(2)-Rules as to corrective institutions-Addition of
6. Section 23(2)(c)-change recommended
7. Section 23(2)(g)
8,9. Section 24
Schedule Magistrates Competent to Exercise The Powers Under Various Sections of The Act
Explanatory Note
Chapter 8 Implementation of The Act-Some Important Points
8.1. Introductory
2. Need for well-managed institution
3. Need for adequate women police officers
4. Proper up-bringing
Chapter 9 Summary of Recommendations
I. The Suppression of Immoral Traffic in Women and Girls Act, 1956-Amendment
II. The Suppression of Immoral Traffic in Women and Girls Act, 1956
III. Indian Penal Code, 1860
IV. Probation of Offenders Act, 1958
Appendix Comparative Position as to Prostitution in other Countries
Comparative Position as to Prostitution in other Countries
The use of Premises for Prostitution
Tenant permitting premises to be used for prostitution
A woman exercising control over a prostitute
Loitering or Soliciting in Public Places
Hungary-In Hungary, registration of prostitutes was abolished in June, 1950
"Section 230.00-Prostitution
"S. 207.12-Prostitution and related offences
Appendix 2 List of Sections Containing The Expression Woman or Girl or both the Expressions


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