Report No. 29
4. The Estate Duty Act, 1953 (34 of 1953)
Section 56 deals with grant of representation.
Section 59.-Property escaping assessment: If the Controller,-
(a) has reason to believe that by reason of the omission or failure on the part of the person accountable to submit an account of the estate of the deceased under section 53 or section 56 or to disclose fully and truly all material facts necessary for assessment, any property chargeable to estate duty has escaped assessment by reason of undervaluation of the property included in the account or of omission to include therein any property which ought to have been included or of assessment at too low a rate or otherwise, or
(b) has, in consequence of any information in his possession, reason to believe notwithstanding that there has not been such omission or failure as is referred to in clause (a) that any property chargeable to estate duty has escaped assessment, whether by reason of undervaluation of the property included in the account or of omission to include therein any property which ought to have been included, in the or of assessment at too low a rate or otherwise,
he may at any time, subject to the provisions of section 73A, require the person accountable to submit an account as required under section 53 and may proceed to assess or reassess such property as if the provisions of section 58 applied thereto.
Section 60.-Penalty for default or concealment:
(1) If the Controller, the Appellate Controller or the Appellate Tribunal, in the course of any proceedings under this Act, is satisfied that any person-
(a) has without reasonable cause failed to deliver the account of the property of the deceased under section 53 or section 56 or to comply with any requisition of the Controller under section 55 or section 59 or has without reasonable cause failed to deliver or submit any of the accounts or statements required under any of the sections aforesaid within the time allowed and in the manner required; or
(b) has without reasonable cause failed to comply with a notice under sub-section (2) of section 58; or
(c) has concealed the particulars of the property of the deceased or deliberately furnished inaccurate particulars thereof; or
(d) being a company referred to in section 20A fails without reasonable cause, to pay the amount of estate duty due from the company under that section within the time specified in this behalf,
he or it may, by order in writing, direct that-such person shall pay by way of penalty
(i) in the case referred to in clause (a) or clause (d), in addition to the amount of the estate duty payable by him; a sum not exceeding twice the amount of such duty, and
(ii) in the case referred to in clause (b) or clause (c) in addition to the amount of estate duty payable by him, a sum not exceeding twice the amount of the estate duty, if any, which would have been avoided if the principal value shown in the account of such person had been accepted as correct.
(2) No order shall be made under sub-section (1) unless the person concerned has been given a reasonable opportunity of being heard.
5. The Terminal Tax on Railway Passengers Act, 1956 (Act 69 of 1956)
This Act contains no provision as to evasion or avoidance of Tax.