Report No. 211
C. Foreign Marriage Act 1969
The Foreign Marriage Act was enacted to facilitate solemnization of civil marriages by Indian citizens in foreign countries. Marriage Officers are to be appointed by the Central Government for this purpose in its Diplomatic Missions abroad (Section 3). Under this Act an Indian citizen may marry another Indian or a foreigner (Section 4). Like in the Special Marriage Act 1954, under this Act too solemnization and registration of marriages are parts of the same transaction.
The procedure for solemnization and registration of such marriages is more or less the same as under the Special Marriage Act 1954 (Sections 5-13). Marriage Certificate Books are to be maintained in all Diplomatic Missions. There is no provision in this Act for transmission of records to any general registry of the country. Besides solemnization of new marriages, this Act also makes a provision for registration of pre-existing marriages solemnized in foreign countries under the laws of those countries (Section 17).