Login : Advocate | Client
Home Post Your Case My Account Law College Law Library

Report No. 257

Chapter II

Legal Framework Governing Custody and Guardianship in India

2.1 The law governing custody of children is closely linked with that of guardianship. Guardianship refers to a bundle of rights and powers that an adult has in relation to the person and property of a minor, while custody is a narrower concept relating to the upbringing and day-to-day care and control of the minor.

The term 'custody' is not defined in any Indian family law, whether secular or religious. The term 'guardian' is defined by the Guardians and Wards Act, 1890 (hereinafter, GWA) as a "person having the care of the person of a minor or of his property or of both his person and property."19 Another term used by the law is 'natural guardian,' who is the person legally presumed to be the guardian of a minor and who is presumed to be authorized to take all decisions on behalf of the minor.

The legal difference between custody and guardianship (or natural guardianship) can be illustrated by the following example: under some religious personal laws, for very young children, the mother is preferred to be the custodian, but the father always remains the natural guardian.

19 ยง 4(2), GWA.

Reforms in Guardianship and Custody Laws in India Back

Client Area | Advocate Area | Blogs | About Us | User Agreement | Privacy Policy | Advertise | Media Coverage | Contact Us | Site Map
The information provided on is solely available at your request for informational purposes only and should not be interpreted as soliciting or advertisement.
Powered and driven by Neosys Inc