Report No. 170
8.6 Practical difficulties and problems.-
The elections to Lok Sabha or for that matter Legislative Assemblies in bigger States, are not held on one single date. Elaborate arrangements have to be made to establish polling booths, to requisition, allocate and transport the personnel to man the polling booths, and the transport and stationing of police and other paramilitary forces for maintaining peace at the time of polling and so on. Because of these factors and considerations, elections to Lok Sabha are held on two or more dates. Elections to Legislative Assemblies of big States are also spread over two dates.
Secondly, counting does not take place soon after the polling.Counting begins only after the polling throughout the country (in the case of Lok Sabha) and throughout the State (in the case of a Legislative Assembly) is completed which means that if a run-off election is to be held, fresh ballot paper is to be printed in respect of those constituencies (where the run-off has become necessary) and polling has to be held afresh which means either retaining or rearranging the entire paraphernalia mentioned above including the stationing of Police and other forces to maintain law and order. And if the idea of negative vote is implemented, then a fresh election may become necessary, in case no candidate gets 50%+1 votes even in the run-off.
8.7. If the above practical difficulties and problems can be overcome, the idea of 50%+1 vot.- and even the idea of negative vote (as explained hereinabove), can be implemented. We may mention that if electronic voting machines are introduced throughout the country, it will become a little more easier to hold a run-off election inasmuch as it would then be not necessary to print fresh ballot papers showing the names of the two candidates competing in the run-of.- or for that matter, for holding a fresh election (in case the idea of negative vote is also given effect to).