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Report No. 170

8.3 Illustration of the method.- The idea can be illustrated in the following manner:

8.3.1. Take a constituency where there are one lakh voters. Five candidates contest from that constituency. The total number of valid votes cast in the constituency is 80,000. Ten thousand voters cast negative votes. Only the candidates who obtains 40,000 votes or more out of the 80,000 votes cast can be declared elected. If none of the five candidates obtains 40,000 votes or more, there should be a run-off between two (of the five candidates) who have polled the highest votes among the five. In the run-off, 70,000 votes are cast, of which 10,000 are negative votes. If one of the candidates obtains 35,000 or more votes, he will be declared elected. Otherwise, there would be a fresh election from that constituency. Even in this fresh election, the very same procedure as set out above will be followe.- until some candidate gets 50% or more of the votes cast.

It is obvious that this method of election is relevant to and can be implemented only in the case of direct election from territorial constituencies. It is not applicable to 'list system'.

Reform of The Electoral Laws Back

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