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Report No. 14

15. State of work.-

The total number of suits instituted during the three financial years immediately preceding 1956-57 arranged according to valuation is set down in the following Table:

Table No. 3

Year

No. of suits of the value not exceeding Rs. 1000

No. of suits of the value of Rs. 1,000 and not exceeding Rs. 5,000

No. of suits of the value of the value of Rs. 5,000 and not exceeding Rs. 10,000

No. of suits of Value of Rs. 10,000 and above

No. of suits the value of which cannot be estimated in money

1953-54

24949

2028

161

182

1402

1954-55

24922

2098

248

138

1627

1955-56

25222

2111

218

146

1230

16. It will appear from the figures given in the above Table (Table No. 3) that the volume of original civil litigation in the courts of district judges, civil judges and subordinate judges was not high. The following Tables (Tables 4 and 5) show the disposal of work by these officers during the same period. It will appear from these tables that the arrears in these courts are not heavy because the institutions of the different categories of proceedings are comparatively small.

Though the state of work in the District and Subordinate Judges courts is not as satisfactory as the position in the munsifs courts, an increase in their number does not appear to be necessary. If the institutions do not increase, with better supervision, the existing strength of officers should be able to keep pace with the work.

17. At the lowest rung in the hierarchy of civil courts are courts of munsifs exercising pecuniary jurisdiction upto Rs. 3,000. Their small cause jurisdiction is limited to Rs. 100. Ever since the judiciary was completely separated from the executive on the Madras pattern on 1st June, 1956, the munsifs have been doing criminal work also. Even prior to that date some munsifs exercised the powers of magistrates. The accompanying Table No. 6 shows the disposal of civil work by the munsifs during the three financial years preceding 1956-57. Table No. 7 shows the average number of suits available for disposal, the average disposal and the average number of pending suits per munsif per year. The figures appearing in these Tables would seem to show that the work in these courts is under control.

The number of year old suits in the courts of munsifs is gratifyingly low. An enhancement of small cause powers of munsifs to Rs. 500 will help them to dispose of proceedings more quickly. It was stated to us however that the munsifs were generally inclined to postpone the trial of suits till cases were about to become a year old. Piecemeal hearings were also said to be common. We are of the view that a resumption of the rigid system of supervision which was said to be in force some years ago and which is said to have yielded gratifying results should be reintroduced-and day to day hearings insisted upon.

Table 4

District Judges

Original Suits

Small Cause Suits

Year

No. of Officers

Pending at the beginning of the year

Institutions

Disposal

Balance

Pending at the beginning of the year

Institutions

Disposal

Balance

1953-54

6

383

321

290

213

201

119

537

442

214

..

1954-55

6

414

190

210

165

229

214

291

396

109

..

1955-56

6

394

232

169

198

259

109

97

206

..

..

Miscellaneous Cases

Regular Appeals

Miscellaneous Appeals

Pending at the beginning of the year

Institutions

Disposal

Balance

Pending at the beginning of the year

Institutions

Disposal

Balance

Pending at the beginning of the year

Institutions

Disposal

Balance

Below one year

Over one year

Below one year

Over one year

Below one year

Over one year

439

1249

1127

504

57

413

231

274

310

60

58

118

108

65

3

561

626

793

318

76

37

295

208

402

55

68

106

116

54

4

394

729

664

350

107

457

213

156

391

123

58

126

102

81

1

Table 5

Session Judges and Assistant Sessions Judges

Session Cases

Criminal Appeals

Year

No. of Officers

Pending at the beginning of the year

Institutions

Disposal

Balance

Pending at the beginning of the year

Institutions

Disposal

Balance

Below one year

Over one year

Below one year

Over one year

1953-54

10

45

168

173

40

..

108

577

573

112

..

1954-55

10

40

147

154

33

..

112

480

404

184

..

1955-56

10

33

171

158

46

..

184

634

624

194

..


Criminal Revision

Case under I.P.C. and other Cases

Pending at the beginning of the year

Institutions

Disposal

Balance

Pending at the beginning of the year

Institutions

Disposal

Balance

Below one year

Over one year

Below one year

Over one year

19

92

91

20

..

..

..

..

..

..

20

85

58

47

..

..

..

..

..

..

47

119

111

55

...

..

..

..

..

..



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