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Report No. 14

48. Kerala

1. The State of Kerala was brought into existence by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956. It comprises what was previously the State of Travancore-Cochin less some areas transferred to the Madras State, the Malabar District of Madras, excluding the Laccadive and Minicoy islands and the Kasargod Taluq of the South Kanara District.

2. Territory and population.-

According to the census of 1951, the population of the enlarged State is 1,35,49,118 spread over an area of 15,035 square miles. This State ranks first in the country in respect of the density of population and literacy-the former being roughly 950 persons per square mile and the latter 40.88 per cent. of the population. We have been told that the people of this State are economically backward. As will be seen later, this is reflected by the fact that a large number of suits-roughly 87 per cent.-out of the total number that come up for adjudication before the regular civil courts are valued below Rs. 1,000.

3. The High Court strength.-

Since the last four years, that is, from 1954, the High Court has been functioning with eight judges but for a fall in the number once or twice for short periods due to retirement of judges and the like.

Table No. 1

Appellate Side


1954

1955

1956

Nature of Proceeding

Pending at the beginning

Institutions

Disposal

Pending at the beginning

Institutions

Disposal

Pending at the beginning

Institutions

Received from Madras

Transferred to Madras

Disposal

Pending on 1st Jan, 1957

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

Regular First Appeals

1868

745

1142

1471

795

1180

1086

769

304

172

764

1223

Regular Second Appeals

2497

1111

1765

1843

1165

1507

1501

1254

559

204

1147

1963

Appeals against Orders

143

258

284

117

274

251

140

223

73

12

249

175

Letters Patent or Special Appeals

..

...

..

.

..

.

..

..

29

..

..

29

Writs

142

219

261

100

460

259

301

573

106

13

432

535

Review

32

40

34

38

74

63

49

60

..

..

57

52

Revision

285

600

680

205

709

703

211

749

245

22

657

526

Reference

18

25

16

27

26

16

37

11

7

5

8

4

Love to appeal to Supreme Court

18

32

43

7

63

64

6

79

..

..

60

25

Original Suits

3

4

4

3

..

3

..

..

..

..

..

..

Miscellaneous

2329

3713

4077

1965

4101

4681

1385

3629

96

142

3587

1381

Table No. 2

Nature of Proceedings

Year of Institution

1943

1944

1945

1946

1947

1948

1949

1950

1951

1952

1953

1954

1955

1956

Regular first Appeals

1

..

..

..

1

1

1

7

3

42

84

172

333

578

Regular Second Appeals

..

1

..

..

5

6

5

1

6

21

16

248

608

1046

Appeals against Orders

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

1

2

8

48

116

Letters Patent or Special Appeals

..

...

..

.

..

.

..

..

..

1

3

18

4

3

Writs

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

1

3

8

10

79

434

Revision

..

1

..

..

..

.

.

.

2

1

3

27

74

418

Review

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

1

1

...

1

12

37

Reference

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

9

22

11

Original Suits

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Micellaneous

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

27

1354



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