Report No. 269
b. Recommendations on Broiler Chickens:
3.13 It has been noted that the incidence of diseases is markedly reduced in slower growing broiler chicken strains. France has produced "Label Rouge" chickens. These chickens reach slaughter weight at 12 weeks, and suffer substantially lower incidences of leg disease, low mortality rates despite having a grow-out period that is twice as long as conventional broiler chickens. The trend for using slow-growing chickens may also be seen in United Kingdom as well as the United States of America. Therefore, slower growing chicken strains may be promoted for broiler production. It is desirable that early steps are taken to notify regulations to ensure that trait selection is not only for production of healthy broiler chickens but also welfare centric.
3.14 It is a matter of concern that there is no regulation with respect to stocking density and other housing conditions. The minimum floor space available per bird should be an important factor in calculation of maximum stocking density. It is expected that the AWBI acting pro-actively will look into all the issues of welfare of animals including the broilers, on similar lines as in egg - laying hens rules. The regulations for housing and stocking density of broiler birds along with relevant provisions of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Broiler Chickens) Rules, 2017 are recommended, annexed as Annexure II.
3.15 On perusal of the 1978 Rules, as well as the FSS Regulations, 2011, it is found that the procedures and standards prescribed in these laws are satisfactory. Once the appropriate authority ensures the strict compliance of these rules and regulations the object will stand achieved. To ensure the same failure on the part of the official concerned shall render him personally responsible, as if it was a dereliction of duty.
3.16 On perusal of the Slaughter House Rules, 2001, as well as the FSS Regulations, 2011, it is found that the procedures and standards prescribed in these rules/regulations are satisfactory. However, these rules/regulations are violated blatantly in roadside meat shops and outlets. The appropriate authorities shall ensure strict compliance of these laws by providing for personal responsibility of the concerned officer for a failure which may be treated as dereliction of duty, if so found. Additionally, a mechanism be developed for imparting training to butchers/slaughter men so that sanitary practices are followed during slaughter.