Report No. 155
1. (a) Subject to its constitutional limitations, each party shall adopt such measures as will ensure that cultivation, production, manufacture, extraction, preparation, possession, offering, offering for sale, distribution, purchase, sale, delivery on any terms whatsoever, brokerage, dispatch, dispatch in transmit, transport, importation and exportation of drugs contrary to the provisions of this convention, and any other action which in the opinion of such party may be contrary to the provisions of this Convention, shall be punishable offences when committed intentionally, and that serious offences shall be liable to adequate punishment particularly by imprisonment or other penalties of deprivation of liberty.
(b) Notwithstanding the preceding subparagraph, when abusers of drugs have committed such offence, the Parties may provide, either as an alternative to conviction or punishment or in addition to conviction or punishment, that such abusers shall undergo measures of treatment, education, after-care, rehabilitation and social reintegration in conformity with paragraph 1 of Article 38.
2. Subject to the constitutional limitations of a Party, its legal system and domestic law,
(a) (i) Each of the offences enumerated in paragraph 1, if committed in different countries, shall be considered as a distinct offence;
(ii) Intentional participation, in conspiracy to commit and attempts to commit, any of such offences, and preparatory acts and financial operations in connection with the offences referred to in this article, shall be punishable offences as provided in paragraph 1;
(iii) Foreign convictions for such offences shall be taken into account for the purpose of establishing recidivism; and
(iv) Serious offences heretofore referred to committed either by nationals or by foreigners shall be prosecuted by the Party in whose territory the offence was committed, or by the Party in whose territory the offender is found if extradition is not acceptable in conformity with the law of the party to which application is made, and if such offender has not already been prosecuted and judgment given.
(b) (i) Each of the offences enumerated in paragraphs 1 and 2(a)(ii) of this article shall be deemed to be included as an extraditable offence in any extradition treaty existing between Parties. Parties undertake to include such offences as extraditable offences in every extradition treaty to be concluded between them;
(ii) If a party which makes extradition conditional on the existence of a treaty receives a request for extradition from another party with which it has not extradition treaty, it may at its option consider this convention as the legal basis for extradition in respect of the offences enumerated in paragraphs 1 and 2(a)(ii) of this article. Extradition shall be subject to the other conditions provided by the law of the requested party;
(iii) Parties which do not make extradition conditional on the existence of a treaty shall recognize the offences enumerated in paragraphs 1 and 2(a)(ii) of this article as extraditable offences between themselves, subject to the conditions provided by the law of the requested party; and
(iv) Extradition shall be granted in conformity with the law of the party to which application is made, and, notwithstanding sub-paragraphs (b)(i), (ii) and (iii) of this paragraph, the party shall have the right to refuse to grant the extradition in cases where the competent authorities consider that the offence is not sufficiently serious.
3. The provisions of this article shall be subject to the provisions of the criminal law of the party concerned on questions of jurisdiction.
4. Nothing contained in this article shall affect the principle that the offences to which it refers shall be defined prosecuted and punished in conformity with the domestic law of a party."