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Report No. 66

3.43. Position of woman a reflection of the general social condition.-

At this stage, we may state that the position of women is a reflection of the general social conditions in the country. This can be illustrated from Tagore's works. The heroines of Tagore-the important female characters of his novels, short stories, dramas and poems-depict the changing social pattern of India, and, especially, Bengal, from 1875 to 1941. To quote the words of one author1. "They represent the transformation of Indian society."

If a detailed analysis is made of the economic, social, religious and political background of the period covered by Tagore's works, it will be apparent how his heroines are the typical products of the period in which they were created or are, in some cases, reflecting the diverse phases of rural and urban society during the sixty-six years of his creative life.

With profound understanding and an insight both objective and critical, the great writer bricks, out, most effectively, the various stages of the emancipation of Indian women, fighting not only for their own rights bat also for those of down-trodden humanity. This, does not, of course, imply that the heroines of Tagore are mere products of their age. The poet's transcendental touch makes them stand out as universal figures, "that light that never was on sea or land," with, which Tagore touches them all, making them unforgettable and immortal.

1. Biman Behari Majumdar Heroines of Tagore: A study in the transformation of Indian Society, 1875-1941, (Firma K.L. Mukopadhayay, Calcutta, 1968).



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