Report No. 01
Sub-chapter II.-Suits on tort claims against the United States
931. Jurisdiction; liability of United States; judgment; election by claimant; amount of suit; administrative disposition as evidence:
(a) Subject to the provisions of this Chapter, the United States district court for the district wherein the plaintiff is resident or wherein the act or omission complained of occurred, including the United States, district courts for . the territories and possessions of the United States, sitting without a jury, shall have exclusive jurisdiction to hear, determine, and render judgment on any claim against the United States, for money only, accruing on and after January 1, 1945, on account of damage to or loss of property or on account of personal injury or death caused by the negligent or wrongful act or omission of any employee of the Government while acting within the scope of his office or employment, under circumstances where.
The United States, if a private person, would be liable to the claimant for such damage, loss, injury, or death in accordance with the law of the place where the act or omission occurred. Subject to the provisions of this chapter, the United States shall be liable in respect of such claims to the same claimants, in the same manner and to the same extent as a private individual under like circumstances except that the United States shall not be liable for interest prior to judgment, or for punitive damages. Costs shall be allowed in all courts to the successful claimant to the same extent as if the United States were a private litigant, except that such costs shall not include attorney's fees.
(b) The judgment in such an action shall constitute a complete bar to any action by the claimant, by reason of the same subject matter, against the employee of the Government whose act or omission gave rise to the claim. No suit shall be instituted pursuant to this section upon a claim presented to any Federal agency pursuant to sub-chapter I of this chapter unless such Federal agency has made final imposition of the claim: Provided, that the claimant may, upon fifteen days' notice given in writing withdraw the claim from consideration of the Federal agency and commence suit thereon pursuant to this section:
Provided further, that as to any claim so disposed of or so withdrawn, no suit shall be instituted pursuant to this section for any sum in excess of the amount of the claim presented to the Federal agency, except where the increased amount of the claim is shown to be based upon newly discovered evidence not reasonably discoverable at the time of presentation of the claim to the Federal agency or upon evidence of intervening facts, relating to the amount of the claim. Disposition of any claim made pursuant to said sub-chapter shall not be competent evidence of liability or amount of damages in proceedings on such claim pursuant to this section.