Report No. 01
I. Under the general law:
Under the general law of torts i.e., the English Common Law as imported into India on the principle of justice, equity and good conscience, with statutory modifications of that law now in force in India (vide the Principles of General Law, Appendix VI)-
(i) The State as employer should be liable for the torts committed by its employees and agents while acting within the scope of their office or, employment.
(ii) The State as employer should be liable in respect of breach of those duties which a person owes to his employees or agents under the general law by reason of being their employer.
(iii) The State should be liable for torts committed by an independent contractor only in cases referred to in Appendix VI.
(iv) The State also should be liable for torts where a corporation owned or controlled by the State would be liable.
(v) The State should be liable in respect of breach of duties attached under the general law to the ownership, occupation, possession or control of immoveable property from the moment the State occupies or takes possession or assumes control of the property.
(vi) The State should be subject to the general law liability for injury caused by dangerous things (chattels).
In respect of (i) to (vi) the State should be entitled to raise the same defences, which a citizen would be entitled to raise under general law.