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Report No. 138

2.7. Figures regarding slums in India.-

In a recent Study,1 the position as per 1981 Census in India regarding slum has been thus stated:

"According to the 1981 Census, India had a slum population of 298.89 lakhs accounting for 18.75 per cent. of the urban population. Of these 129.54 lakhs were in the twelve-million cities. In other words, the 12 metropolitan cities which held about 26 per cent. of the total urban population accommodated over 43 per cent. of the slum population.

The larger cities have a higher proportion of slum population to total population. Slum population accounts for more than 30 per cent. of the total population of the metropolitan cities. In cities with population of 5 lakhs to 10 lakhs, over 20 per cent. of the population dwells in slums. In towns with less than 50,000 people, slum population is about 10 per cent.

Among the metropolitan cities, Calcutta had the largest slum population in 1981 (32.5 lakhs) followed by Bombay (31.57 lakhs) and Delhi (17.30 lakhs).

In 1981, Kanpur had the highest percentage of slum population (40.34) followed by Lucknow (38.83), Greater Bombay (38.30) and Calcutta (35.5) "

1. Cherunilam and Heggade Housing in India, (1987), p. 52.

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