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Report No. 97

Chapter 5


5.1. Need for reform of the law.-

We now come to the changes that are needed in the present law. In our opinion, the present legal position as to prescriptive clauses in contracts cannot be defended as a matter of justice, logic, commonsense or convenience. When accepting such clauses, consumers either do not realise the possible adverse impact of such clauses, or are forced to agree because big corporations are not prepared to enter into contracts except on these onerous terms. "Take it or leave it all", is their general attitude, and because of their superior bargaining power they naturally have the upper hand. We are not, at present, dealing with the much wider field of "standard form contracts" or "standard" terms. But confining ourselves to the narrow issue under discussion, it would appear that the present legal position is open to serious objection from the common man's point of view. Further, such clauses introduce an element of uncertainty in transactions which are entered into daily by hundreds of persons.

Section 28 of the Indian Contract Act, 1872 - Prescriptive Clauses in Contracts Back

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