Report No. 226
In a 2003 report on acid attacks in Cambodia1, collected from newspapers it was reported that between December 1999 and November 2002, 63 people were subject to acid attack. Out of these, 30 victims were female and 31 male. However, 29% of the victims were not targets of the attack and 12 males and 4 females, plus two others whose sex had not been reported were injured by accidents and included friends and family members of the victims or their drivers and other nearby passers. Thus, most the intended victims were women.
Thereafter it has been reported2 that atleast 60 known cases of acid attack violence occurred in 2005. However, others3suspect that the annual incidence rate could be as high as 100.A newspaper report 4 states that from October 1999 to December 2006 there have been 111 cases of acid attacks with a total of 181 victims. Most of these attacks were perpetrated on women5 and involved husbands throwing acid on their wives or former wives, wives throwing acid on the second wives or mistresses and in some cases women throwing acids at their husband because of husband's violence (beating and abusing) towards them.
1. 2003 report by licadho, living in the shadows: acid attacks in cambodia.published by project against torture cambodian league for the promotion of human rights (licadho).
2. Data provide by Combodian Acid Survivors Charity (CASC).
3. suspect Acid Survivors Trust International (ASTI).
4. The Combodia Daily, 5 December, 2006.
5. 2003 report by LICADHO, Living in the Shadows: Acid Attacks in Cambodia.
Acid Violence is not specifically addressed in Cambodian criminal law. Perpetrators can be charged with battery with injury, which carries a sentence of up to 10 years imprisonment.