Report No. 273
(ii) Amendment to Existing Statutes
7.3 The Commission has analysed the existing legal provisions in Chapter IV. The Commission has come to the conclusion that the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973 and the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 require amendments to accommodate provisions regarding compensation and burden of proof, respectively. a. Criminal Procedure Code, 1973
7.4 The Commission recommends amendment to section 357B to incorporate payment of compensation, in addition to payment of fine, as provided under section 326A or section 376D of the Indian Penal Code, 1860. b. Indian Evidence Act, 1872
7.5 The Commission endorses the recommendation made by the Law Commission of India vide its Report No.113, and, as reiterated in Report No.152, that the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 requires insertion of section 114B. This will ensure that in case a person in police custody sustains injuries, it is presumed that those injuries have been inflicted by the police, and the burden of proof shall lie on the authority concerned to explain such injury.