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Report No. 59

7. Amendment of section 15.- In section 15 of the Hindu Marriage Act, the proviso shall be omitted.

8. For section 16 of the Hindu Marriage Act, the following section shall be substituted, namely:-

16. Legitimacy of children of void and voidable marriages.-(1) Where a marriage is null and void on any ground specified in section 11, any child of such marriage, whether born before or after the commencement of the Marriage Laws (Amendment) Bill, 1974, shall be treated as the legitimate child of his parents, whether or not a decree of nullity is granted in respect of that marriage, if at the time of the act of intercourse resulting in the birth (or at the time of the celebration of the marriage, if later) both or either of the parties reasonably believed that the marriage was valid.

(2) Where a decree of nullity is granted in respect of a voidable marriage under section 12, any child be gotten or conceived before the decree is made who would have been the legitimate child of the parties to the marriage if at the date of the decree it had been dissolved instead of being annulled, shall be deemed to be their legitimate child notwithstanding the decree of nullity.

(3) Nothing contained in this section shall be construed as conferring upon any child of a marriage which is void or which is annulled by a decree of nullity under section 12, any rights in or to the property of any person other than the parents in any case where, but for the passing of this Act, such child would have been incapable of possessing or acquiring any such rights by reason of his not being the legitimate child of his parents.".

Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 and Special Marriage Act, 1954 Back

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