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Report No. 165

5.3.2. Expenditure.-

National Policy on Education, 1986 and the Programme of Action (POA), 1992 envisages that free and compulsory education of satisfactory quality should be provided to all children upto the age of 14 years before the commencement of the 21st century. As per the commitment of the Government under the Common Minimum Programme, about six per cent. of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) would be earmarked for the Education Sector by the year 2000 AD and 50 per cent. of the outlay will be spent on Primary Education.

5.3.3. With the increasing commitment of the resources to education, resource allocation for education has, over the years, increased significantly. Plan outlay on education increased from Rs. 153 crore in the First Five Year Plan to Rs. 19,000 crore in the Eighth Five Year Plan (1992-97). The expenditure on education as a per centage of GDP also rose from 0.7 per cent. in 1951-52 to 3.3 per cent. in 1995-90 (RE).

5.3.4. The Eighth Plan outlay (Centre and States) at Rs. 19,000 crore is higher than the Seventh Plan expenditure of Rs. 7,033.13 crore by 2.0 times. In keeping with this set up, the Central Plan outlay for education has been substantially increased from Rs. 1,825 crore in 1995-90 to Rs. 3,383 crore in 1990-97 and further to Rs. 4,095 crore in 1997-98.

5.3.5. There has been inter se shift in the allocation of resources within the education sector from higher education to elementary education. The outlay on elementary education is 02.1 per cent. of the total Central Sector Plan outlay in 1997-98. Further the outlay consists of Rs. 354.94 crore for Secondary Education, Rs. 403 crore for University and Higher-education, Rs. 127 crore for Adult Education and Rs. 390 crore for Technical Education.

Free and compulsory Education for Children Back

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