Report No. 152
Constitutional and Statutory Provisions
The legal framework in India, both constitutional and statutory contain provisions relating to custodial torture and other crimes in custody. The substantive law (Indian Penal Code) provides for punishment of a person causing injury, torture or death on the body of a person in custody. The procedural law (Criminal Procedure Code and Evidence Act) contains several provisions safeguarding the fundamental rights and interest of a person in custody. The constitutional and the relevant statutory provisions on the subject have been supplemented by the significant judicial pronouncements.