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Report No. 152

2.10. Organisation of the police.-

While on the theme of honest and efficient law enforcement, we must also make a mention of an important aspect relating to the organisation of the police. By and large, the police in India is so organised that no strict dividing line is drawn between the function of investigation and the function of maintenance of law and order.

The former requires patience, skill, long-range efforts and expertise of a high order. The latter envisages very quick action on the spot, faculty of immediate response, firmness of the mind and a decisive approach. The officer engaged in investigation has to collect facts, explore the reality, reconstruct the past and analyse the entire gamut of materials. The officer charged with duties connected with law and order, security and the like must, on the other hand, capture reality in a fleeting moment and exhibit an immediate and effective response.

If a police officer is shunted off from time to time to emergency duties, he cannot be expected to adopt the text book line of investigation and may be tested to switch over to less desirable methods. This is very likely to result in an urge to resort to coercion. There are many other factors arising out of the Police Organisation which contribute to adoption of coercive methods. We will discuss those in a little detail in a later chapter of this report.

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