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Report No. 46

18. Directive principles dynamic in character.-

Nehru described this position in his characteristically lucid words by observing:

"The service of India means the service of the millions who suffer. It means the ending of poverty and ignorance and disease and inequality of opportunity. The ambition of the greatest man of our generation has been to wipe every tear from every eye. That may be beyond us, but as long as there are tears and suffering, so long our work will not be over."

Thus considered, the Directive Principles can be appropriately described in Nehru's words as being dynamic in character, while Fundamental Rights can be described as static. In describing Fundamental Rights as static, we do not propose to under-estimate their significance and importance in the Constitutional set-up devised by the Constitution and the democratic way of life was adopted by us. They, no doubt, constitute a distinctive feature of our Constitution and are, in fact, justly regarded as its cornerstone.

But that very nature of the Directive Principles postulates that their ultimate objective is to satisfy the ever-growing legitimate but unsatisfied hopes and aspirations of common citizens of this country to enjoy life, liberty and happiness in ample measures and, in that sense, they are inevitably dynamic in character and their horizon would continuously expand as the country witnesses economic development and adopts social change, and marches towards its cherished goal of achieving socio-economic revolution.

The Constitution (Twenty-Fifth Amendment) Bill, 1971 Back

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