Report No. 161
1.2.2. Dismal picture presented by the Vohra Committee.-
The Supreme Court referred to and relied upon the report of the Committee known as Vohra Committee which was constituted by the Government of India by their order dated July 9, 1993 as follows:-
"17. As a result of the debate in these proceedings and the experience gained thereby the Union of India came to realise that an in-depth study of the selection of personnel of these agencies, particularly the CBI and the Enforcement Directorate of the Revenue Department, and their functioning is necessary. The Government of India, sharing this perception, by an Order No. S/7937/SS(ISP)/93 dated 9th July, 1993 constituted a Committee headed by the then Home Secretary Shri N.N. Vohra to take stock of all available information about the activities of crime syndicates/mafia organizations which had developed links with, and were being protected by government functionaries and political personalities.
It was stated that on the basis of recommendations of the Committee the Government shall determine the need, if any, to establish a special organisation/agency to regularly collect information and pursue cases against such elements. The Committee was headed by the then Home Secretary, Shri N.N. Vohra and had as its Members-Secretary (Revenue), Director, Intelligence Bureau, Director, CBI, Joint Secretary (PP), Ministry of Home Affairs. The Committee gave its recommendations dated 5-10-1993. It has made scathing comments and has painted a dismal picture of the existing scene. It has said that the network of the mafia is virtually running a parallel government pushing the State apparatus into irrelevance.
The committee recommended the creation of a nodal agency under the Ministry of Home Affairs for the collation and compilation of all information received from Intelligence Bureau (IB), Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) and Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW) and the various agencies under the Department of Revenue. The report is significant for the dismal picture of the existing scenario which discloses a powerful nexus between the bureaucracy and politicians with the mafia gangs, smugglers and the underworld. The report of the Vohra Committee is the opinion of some top bureaucrats and it confirmed our worst suspicions focusing the need of improving the procedure for constitution and monitoring the functioning of intelligence agencies. There is, thus, no doubt that this exercise cannot be delayed further."