Report No. 161
Set-Up of Central Vigilance Commission, Central Bureau of Investigation and Enforcement Directorate
4.1. History and functioning of the Central Vigilance Commission.-
At this juncture, it would be appropriate to briefly notice the history and functioning of the Central Vigilance Commission, as obtaining at present. The Central Vigilance Commission was established in 1964 pursuant to the recommendations of the Santhanam Committee to advise the government in respect of all matters pertaining to maintenance of integrity in administration. The CVC's jurisdiction extends to all public servants and employees of central public sector undertakings, nationalised banks and autonomous organisations.
It would be appropriate at this stage to set out the Resolution dated February 11, 1964 of the Government of India (Ministry of Home Affairs) No. 24/7/64-AVD (as amended up-to-date) which sets out the purpose for which the institution of CVC was created, its functions, powers and other incidental matters. The Law Commission had to and did keep in mind the provisions of this Resolution while drafting the legislation. This is for the reason that the supervision over CBI and DE provided for in the judgment of the Supreme Court is only an additional function directed by court to be entrusted to CVC.
It does not mean that the existing powers and functions of CVC were to be taken away or were intended to be curtailed in any manner. In fact the idea was to strengthen this institution by giving it a statutory character and entrust some more important functions to it. It is for the purpose of rendering the CVC an effective, fair and competent organ that the court had taken the trouble of giving the aforementioned specific directions. One of the main objectives behind giving a statutory basis to CVC is to free it from administrative or other control of any ministry or any other person or body. The Resolution dated February 11, 1964 reads as follows:
Government of India
Ministry of Home Affairs
February 11, 1964