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Report No. 35

Topic Number 24

Deterrent effect--Detailed discussion

I. Deterrent Effect-experience of countries where capital punishment abolished, or abolished and restored

303. Experience of other countries where it has been abolished, or abolished and restored.-

It would be useful to discuss, with reference to the deterrent effect of capital punishment, the experience of other countries where it has been abolished, or abolished but restored later1.

1. The statistical data have been compiled from the Royal Commission Report, Appendix No. 6, pp. 340-372, after a study of the tables and other information given therein.

304. Preliminary observations.-

It must be noted at the outset, that the definition of the crime of murder differs in various countries and the figures of the various countries cannot, therefore, be taken as an absolutely satisfactory basis for a comparative study, because the like is not contrasted with the like and there are slight differences and variations in the objects of comparison. Further, differences of character, behaviour and outlook and difference in the method of compiling statistics naturally create complications1. However, the available material has to be studied; and an analysis of the figures of selected countries is, therefore, attempted. Even for these selected countries, only certain sample figures have been taken, for brevity.

1. Cf. R.C. Report, p. 340, para. 24.

305. Abolition without restoration.-

Besides the countries in which the capital punishment has been abolished but restored later, there are countries where it has been abolished or kept in abeyance, but not restored. An analysis of the figures for such countries is given separately1.

1. See Appendix containing Table analysing effect of non-restoration (Abolition countries).

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