Central Excise duty is an indirect tax levied on goods manufactured in India. Excisable goods have been defined as those, which have been specified in the Central Excise Tariff Act as being subjected to the duty of excise. The word "Goods" has not been defined in the Act. Therefore its meaning is borrowed from the constitution and from the sale of goods Act and understood as per the decisions of the apex court. Under excise it is understood to be items that are movable, i.e. capable of being moved and marketable, i.e. capable of being sold.
Central Excise Act defines 'Manufacture' by an inclusive definition as any process incidental or ancillary to the completion of a manufactured product. Manufacture under Central Excise can be understood as process wherein the name, characteristic and use of the input are changed or is/becomes distinct and different after the process. Thus a process which simply changes the form or size of the same article or enhances the value of the article would not constitute manufacture. Repairing or reconditioning does not constitute manufacture. Assembling would constitute manufacture.
Registration and ecc code:
Persons requiring Central Excise registration.
Every manufacturer of excisable goods other than the ones specifically exempted, is required to get himself registered under the Central Excise law. A manufacturer is exempt from the requirement of getting himself registered so long as the goods manufactured by him attract Nil rate of duty or remain exempt from the whole of the duty of excise leviable thereon. Every person who intends to issue invoices under Rule 57G or Rule 57T or who intends to procure excisable goods under bond for special industrial purposes in terms of provisions of Chapter X, is required to get himself registered under the Central Excise law.