Carriage of Goods
A common carrier is an insurer of goods, but there are certain exceptions to this rule.
- He is not liable for any loss or damage to goods caused by an act of God or natural calamity, like the vehicle being struck by lightening.
- He has no liability in case of injury caused by "enemies of the state.
- E.g. foreign with whom the country may be at war.
- He cannot be held responsible for loss due to any inherent vice or natural deterioration of goods in transit. For e.g. evaporation of liquids, deterioration of fruit etc.
- He is not liable for any loss due to neglect on the part of consignee. Such as defective packing of goods.