Peer Singh Vs. State of Madhya Pradesh
[Criminal Appeal No. 743 of 2012]
[Criminal Appeal No. 744 of 2012]
[Criminal Appeal No. 746 of 2012]
Deepak Gupta, J.
1. All the three appeals are being disposed of by a common judgment since they arise out of one incident and one judgment delivered by the trial court.
2. The facts necessary for deciding this case are that 15 persons were tried for the murder of Babusingh on the night intervening 13/14th September 1992 near Village Kalma, Dewas District, Madhya Pradesh. The trial court acquitted 8 persons and convicted 7 persons. Gajrajsingh, Harisingh, Bhagwansingh @ Bhaggu, Peer Singh, Gulabsingh, Shobharam and Thakursingh were convicted by the trial court for having committed the offence punishable under Section 302 read with Section 149 and 148 of Indian Penal Code (IPC) and all the 7 accused were sentenced to undergo imprisonment for life.
3. Harisingh died when the appeal was pending before the High Court, and Shobharam died during the pendency of the appeal in this Court, therefore, the appeal stands abated against them. We are informed at the Bar that Gulabsingh and Thakursingh did not file any appeal and they have already undergone the sentence imposed upon them. Thus, we are left only with the appeals of Gajrajsingh, Bhagwansingh and Peer Singh.
4. These appeals can be disposed of on a short point and therefore it is not necessary to deal with the entire evidence. The case of the prosecution is that at about 11.30 p.m. on the night intervening 13/14th September, 1992, Babusingh was returning to his Village Kalma from Dewas on a motorcycle. He was accompanied by Gattu (PW8) and Vasu (not examined) who were pillion riders. When they were nearing Kalma Village they were attacked by a large number of persons who were armed with dharia, swords etc.. After the attack took place, the motorcycle fell down and the assailants, which according to the prosecution included all the 15 accused, attacked Babusingh and some of them gave blows to Babusingh with sharp edged weapons and as a result of the injuries Babusingh died. It is not disputed before us that Babusingh was, in fact, murdered. The only issue is whether the three appellants were present at the spot or not?
5. The prosecution case is that the pillion rider Gattu (PW8) went to the Village, found the house of father of Babusingh i.e. Motisingh (PW1) and informed him that his son had been 4 attacked by a large number of persons. Thereafter, Motisingh (PW1), along with his son Antar Singh (PW6), his nephew Uttamsingh, Gattu (PW8) and Vasu proceeded towards the place of occurrence. On the way near the Panchayat Bhawan they met Mansingh (PW5) who also informed them that he had seen the occurrence and he identified four of the assailants viz. Gulabsingh, Thakursingh, Harisingh and Shobharam. Thereafter, all these persons reached the spot. It is not disputed that the police came to the spot and "Dehati Nalishi" was recorded at the spot and at the instance of Motisingh, the father (PW1). This "Dehati Nalishi" can be termed to be the first information given to the police.
6. Thereafter, the police lodged a formal First Information Report (FIR), investigated the matter and recorded evidence of the witnesses. The body of the deceased was sent for postmortem and after completion of the investigation, chargesheet was filed against 15 persons who were tried and some were convicted as detailed hereinabove.
7. The main argument raised before us is that there is no evidence against the three appellants namely Gajrajsingh, Bhagwansingh @ Bhaggu, and Peer Singh. The first information which is in the nature of "Dehati Nalishi" was recorded at the instance of Motisingh (PW1), the father of the deceased. This "Dehati Nalishi" was recorded on 14th September 1992 and he states that at night two boys came to his house, woke him up and then informed him that they along with his son Babusingh were coming to Kalma on a motorcycle which was driven by Babusingh. Some persons who were armed with dharia and sword attacked Babusingh just before they entered the Village. All the three persons who were riding the motorcycle fell down.
All the assailants surrounded Babusingh and started raining blows of dharia and swords on him. Babusingh shouted "Oh! Shobha, Oh Thakur, do not beat". The two pillion riders managed to escape and informed Motisingh. Thereafter, he along with Antar Singh and two informants went on the motorcycle towards the place of occurrence and on the way they met Mansingh who stopped them and he (Mansingh) informed Motisingh that he had seen Sobhagsingh (A7), Thakursingh (A15), Harisingh (A5), Gulabsingh (A12), all residents of Tonk and other persons assaulting Babusingh with dharia and swords. Thereafter, they went to the place of occurrence and saw that Babusingh was lying dead. It was also stated by Motisingh that he and his son Babusingh had a longstanding enmity with Sobhagsingh and, therefore, his son had been murdered. It would be pertinent to mention that in this "Dehati Nalishi" none of the three appellants have been named.
8. According to us the sequence of events is such that Gattu (PW8) would be the most crucial witness because he was seated on the motorcycle with the deceased. However, he states that he does not belong to the Village and could not identify any of the persons. In fact, when the statement was recorded in court he did not even say that Babusingh shouted "Oh! Shobha, Oh Thakur, do not beat". As such his evidence is of no use to the prosecution.
9. The next important witness is PW5. To be fair to Mr. U.R. Lalit, learned senior counsel appearing for the appellants, we must record that he had raised a plea that PW5 was not even present and is a procured witness. We are not going into that question, since according to us even if the presence of Mansingh (PW5) is accepted, that evidence cannot be used to convict the three appellants before us. In his statement recorded in court he mentions the names of the accused as Gajrajsingh, Harisingh, Bhagwansingh @ Bhaggu, Peer Singh, Gulabsingh, Shobharam and Thakursingh.
He also states that he knows these persons since they are distantly related and belong to the same area. He admits that the police had recorded his statement under Section 161 of Code of Criminal Procedure (Cr.P.C.). This statement (Ex.D1) has been proved in the evidence of the investigating officer (PW20). PW5 had been confronted with the fact that the names of Peer Singh, Bhaggu and Gajrajsingh are not mentioned in his statement recorded by the police under Section 161 Cr.P.C.. He states, he does not know why their names are not mentioned. We are unable to accept this explanation.
10. The "Dehati Nalishi" was recorded on the spot itself soon after the occurrence. As per the evidence on record Mansingh (PW5) was present at the spot till 4.00 A.M. During this time, the police was there. It would have been much better if the "Dehati Nalishi" had been recorded at the instance of PW5 who was not only an eyewitness but could even identify some of the accused. Even if we overlook this aspect, the fact remains that when the statement of PW5 was recorded under Section 161 Cr.P.C on the morning of 14th September, he did not name the three appellants. When the statement was recorded in court he stated that when Babusingh was being attacked he (Babusingh) told the pillion riders to go to his house and inform that persons of Sobhagsingh are beating him. This fact is totally different from what is recorded in the "Dehati Nalishi" wherein it is stated that Babusingh took the names of Sobhagsingh and Thakursingh. As pointed out earlier Gattu (PW8) does not say anything in his statement.
11. When we compare the statements of PW1 and PW5 there is another discrepancy viz. in court, the father Motisingh reiterates that Mansingh (PW5) told him that Sobhagsingh, Thakursingh, Harisingh and Gulabsingh were beating Babusingh. The names of the three appellants are absent even in the statement of Motisingh as recorded in court. Mansingh and the three appellants belong to the same area and Mansingh is known to all the three accused, and when he could name four of the assailants, we see no reason as to why he could not name the other assailants if he had actually identified them at the place of occurrence.
There is no plausible explanation given from the side of prosecution as to why the names of these three accused appellants were missing both in the "Dehati Nalishi" as well as in the statement of Mansingh recorded under Section 161 Cr.P.C. (Exh.D1). Further, as pointed above, Motisingh again in court does not say that Mansingh (PW5) had identified the three accused appellants as the assailants.
12. Therefore, a grave doubt is raised with regard to the presence of these three accused at the place of incidence. The 10 benefit of doubt obviously has to go to the accused appellants. In view of the above discussion, we allow the appeals and set aside the judgment of the trial court dated 19th November, 2001 in Sessions Case No.57 of 1993 and of the High Court dated 27th June, 2011 in Criminal Appeal No.1354 of 2001 so far as the conviction of the appellants; Peer Singh, Bhagwansingh and Gajrajsingh is concerned. They are acquitted and directed to be set free forthwith if not required in any other case. All pending applications are accordingly disposed of.
..............................J. (S.A. Bobde)
..............................J. (Sanjay Kishan Kaul)
..............................J. (Deepak Gupta)
April 09, 2019
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