Vinod Kulshreshtha Vs.
Union of India & Ors.
[Civil Appeal No.
3617 of 2012 arising out of S.L.P. (C) No.3352 of 2011]
O R D E R
This appeal is
directed against the judgment and order passed by the High Court of Delhi in Writ
Petition (Civil) No.7657 of 1999 dated20.08.2010. By the impugned judgment and order,
the High Court has dismissed the Writ Petition filed by the appellant against the
orders passed by the Central Administrative Tribunal (for short 'the
Tribunal'). The issue that falls for our consideration and decision in this
appeal is with regard to the fixation of pay and other terminal benefits of the
appellant, pursuant to the Office Memorandums (for short 'O.M.s') dated31.07.1986
The facts in nutshell
are: The appellant had joined the Indian Navy as Artificer apprentice on24.1.1971.
Subsequently, he worked as a sailor. After completing nearly 14years of
service, the appellant was discharged from service on 31.01.1985.Nearly after
four years, the appellant was re-employed as Auditor under the Director General
of Audit, Defence Services. While in service, the Central Government had come
out with a beneficial O.M. dated 20.01.1991 which prescribed the manner of re-fixation
of pay of the re-employed ex-servicemen. Pursuant to the said O.M., the appellant
had exercised his option for computing the service in the Indian Navy for the purpose
of pensionary and other monetary benefits.
The appellant was further
directed to deposit gratuity and DCRG received from Naval Service. On depositing
such amount, the respondents, vide order dated 23.9.1991, allowed him to count
his Naval Service as qualifying service towards his Civil Service as Auditor.
However, the appellant’s request for re-fixation of his pay was rejected by the
respondent authorities by their communication dated26.6.1996 and 14.05.1997.
Being aggrieved by the orders so passed by the respondents, the appellant had approached
the Tribunal by filing an application. The Tribunal, by its order dated 17.08.1998
rejected the application of the appellant.
The appellant, aggrieved
by the same, preferred a Review Application before the Tribunal and the same was
also dismissed by the Tribunal on 20.09.1999. Disturbed by the said orders, the
appellant had approached the High Court by filing a Writ Petition under Article(s)
226/227 of the Constitution of India. The High Court has dismissed the said
writ petition and, thereby, has confirmed the orders passed by the Tribunal. It
is the correctness or otherwise of the said orders, is the subject matter of
We have heard Shri R.
Venkataramani, learned senior counsel for the appellant and Shri D.K. Thakur,
learned counsel for the respondents. Shri Venkataramani, learned senior counsel
for the appellant, would submit that the appellant's employment in the Indian Navy
from the year1971 was a regular employment, initially as Artificer apprentice and,
thereafter, as a sailor. He further submits that the appellant had worked as a
sailor for nearly 14 years in the Indian Navy, and he was discharged sometime
in the year 1985. In aid of the aforesaid submission, the learned senior
counsel has taken us through the discharge certificate issued by the competent
authority. The said certificate reads as under :
NAVY CERTIFIED RECORD OF SERVICE AND DISCHARGE CERTIFICATE
This is to certify
that VINOD KULSHRESHTHA No.052194-Z,
ARTIFICER (POWER) has served in the Indian Navy from 24.01.1971to 31.01.1985 as
per details overleaf.”
There is yet another
certificate issued dated 31.08.1988 and the same reads as under:
Bhatnagar, NM 240,C Wing Sena Bhavan
Ex-Servicemen Affairs Naval Headquarters,
New Delhi – 110 011
Civil Appeal No. 3617
Of 2012 (Arising Out Of S.L.P.(C) No.3352 Of 2011)
Ex-Chief EAP No.052194-Z served in Indian Navy from 21.1.1971 to 31.01.85 in
active regular Naval Service.
At this stage, we
intend to notice that the certificates issued by the respondent authorities would
demonstrate that the appellant was employed as a sailor “in active regular naval
service”. Therefore, the learned senior counsel is justified when he contends that
the respondents were not justified in rejecting the reasonable claim of the appellant
for grant of benefits of the O.M.s dated 31.07.1986 and 20.01.1991.
Per contra, learned
counsel appearing for the Union of India would submit that since the appellant
was employed on contractual basis in the Indian Navy, he is not entitled to any
benefits of the aforesaid O.M.s dated 31.07.1986 and 20.01.1991. In aid of his submission,
the learned counsel points out the orders passed by the respondents dated
When we inquired with
the learned counsel to give us the letter of appointment of the appellant, he
is unable to produce the same before us. Primarily, the respondents have
rejected the claim of the appellant for grant of benefit of O.M.s dated
31.07.1986 and 20.01.1991 purely on the basis that the appellant was not
regularly employed in the Indian Navy, but he had worked in the Indian Navy only
on a contractual basis and, therefore, those O.M.s cannot be made applicable to
A perusal of the
certificates issued by the responsible and competent respondent authorities
would clearly demonstrate that the appellant was regularly employed in the
Indian Navy and he had completed 14 years of service “in active regular naval
service”. If that be so, it cannot be said that the appellant was employed purely
on a contractual basis and, therefore, he is not entitled to take the benefits
of the O.M.s issued by the Central Government.
The Tribunal as well
as the High Court have merely proceeded on an assumption that the employment of
the appellant was on contractual basis and after the discharge from the naval
service, it cannot be said that he was a retrenched employee. This was purely
an assumption and presumption of the Tribunal in arriving at the aforesaid
In our view, in the light
of the certificates that were produced by the appellant before the Tribunal and
since the respondent had not produced the letter of appointment of the year
1971, in our opinion, one and the only conclusion that can be reached is that
the appellant was employed on regular basis in the Indian Navy. If that be so,
he would be entitled to all the benefits of the aforesaid O.M.s dated
31.07.1986 and 20.01.1991.
In that view of the
matter, while allowing the appeal filed by the appellant, we set aside the
orders passed by the Tribunal in O.A.No.1584 of1997 dated 17.08.1998 and the order
passed by the High Court in Writ Petition (C) No.7657 of 1999 dated 20.08.2010.
Now we direct the respondents herein to extend the benefit of the O.M.s dated 31.07.1986
and20.01.1991 to the appellant and pass appropriate orders as expeditiously as possible,
at any rate, within four months from the date of receipt of a copy of the
order. In the facts and circumstances, we do not propose to impose any costs on
(ANIL R. DAVE)