State of Punjab Vs.
Jagtar Singh & Ors.
J U D G M E N T
appeal is filed by the State of Punjab challenging the judgment dated
17.10.1997 in Criminal Appeal No. 319 of 1995 whereby the High Court, while partly
allowing the appeal, altered the conviction and sentence of the appellants-accused
from Section 302/34 IPC to Section 304 Part-I read with Section 34 IPC and sentenced
them to undergo rigorous imprisonment for five years each and to pay a fine of
Rs. 1,000/- each, in default of payment of fine to further undergo rigorous
imprisonment for one year.
prosecution case, in short, is as under:- Desa Singh, Jessa Singh and Gurnam
Singh were three brothers. On the night of 15.5.1993, Gurnam Singh, resident of
village Pakan, Police Station Sadar Fazlika, District Ferozpur was sleeping in
the threshing floor of his wheat field for guarding the wheat. According to the
prosecution, the accused persons came there at about 10 p.m. in a drunken
condition and took Gurnam Singh with them on the pretext of serving him liquor.
This was allegedly seen by Santa Singh (PW5). Next day i.e. on 16.5.1993, in the
morning at 6 a.m., Desa Singh (PW4), brother of deceased Gurnam Singh reached
in the field to serve him tea. He did not find Gurnam Singh there. On enquiry, he
was told by Santa Singh (PW5) of the adjoining field that last night at about
10 p.m., the accused persons had taken him away. The prosecution further alleges
that on being told by Santa Singh (PW5) that the accused persons had taken him
away, Desa Singh along with Santa Singh went to the residence of accused Nishan
Singh where they came to know that the accused persons had killed Gurnam Singh and
their sister Paramjit Kaur by strangulation because Paramjit Kaur had sexual
relations with Gurnam Singh. Thereafter, Desa Singh along with Santa Singh went
for lodging the report of murder of Gurnam Singh and Parmajit Kaur. SI Talwinderjit
Singh met them on bus stand to whom they reported the matter. That is how the FIR
came to be recorded on 16.3.1993 at about 9.15 a.m. It is significant to note that
a copy of this FIR reached the area Magistrate only on 16.3.1993 at 10.30 p.m.
lodging of FIR, SI Talwinderjit Singh (PW7) went to the house of accused at
"Dhani Gowarewali" in village Pakkan and found the dead bodies of Gurnam
Singh and Paramjit Kaur lying in the courtyard of house of accused. It is on
that basis that the investigation started. During investigation, the prosecution
claims to have found an eye-witness Mohan Singh (PW6) who, on the night of 15.5.1993
is alleged to have seen the murder of Gurnam Singh and Paramjit Kaur by
strangulation by putting a rope around their neck by all the accused persons
but had never bothered to report the matter to any of the family members of the
deceased Gurnam Singh though admittedly he himself was the first cousin of the
deceased Gurnam Singh. He ultimately became available for recording the statement
only on the third day. He has been disbelieved by both the courts below.
court accepted the evidence of Santa Singh (PW5) to the effect that he had last
seen the deceased Gurnam Singh with all the four accused when Gurnam Singh was
taken away by them on the pretext of serving him liquor. The trial court also accepted
the fact that thereafter the dead bodies of Gurnam Singh and Paramjit Kaur were
found in the courtyard of house of accused. It did not accept the defence
suggestion that accused Nishan Singh was living separately from his other three
brothers. The trial court also believed the Chemical Analyser's report showing semen
was found on the private parts of Paramjit Kaur.
defence at the trial was novel. In his statement under Section 313 Cr.P.C.,
accused Nishan Singh stated that on the night of 15.5.1993, he heard some muffled
sound from the court yard when he was sleeping on the roof of his house. He
then corrected himself and said that the sound was coming from the room. When
he went there, he saw Gurnam Singh strangulating his sister Paramjit Kaur and in
order to save Paramjit Kaur from the clutches of Gurnam Singh, he picked up a rope
lying nearby, put it around the neck of Gurnam Singh and strangulated him. In
the meanwhile, Gurnam Singh had already strangulated his sister Paramjit Kaur. The
trial court did not accept the defence of the accused persons and proceeded to
convict them for the offence under Section 302/34 IPC and sentenced each of
them to undergo imprisonment for life and to pay a fine of Rs. 1000/- each, in default
to further undergo rigorous imprisonment for one year.
appeal, the High Court has discussed the evidence of the all the witnesses threadbare.
The High Court found the evidence of Santa Singh (PW5) unreliable and rejected the
same. However, the High Court, on the basis of the post-mortem report that semen
was found in the vaginal swabs of deceased Paramjit Kaur which were sent for chemical
examination, came to the conclusion that it was deceased Gurnam Singh who
himself sneaked into the house of the accused persons and must have had sexual intercourse
with Paramjit Kaur and on seeing them in a compromising position, the accused
persons must have killed them. On this basis, the High Court came to the
conclusion that even if this was proved, it was a case of grave and sudden provocation
and as such it could not be a case of murder and would come under Section 304 Part-I
read with Section 34 IPC on the basis of first exception to Section 300 IPC. Therefore,
the High Court converted the sentence of the accused from imprisonment for life
to rigorous imprisonment for five years with fine of Rs. 1000/- each. Hence, this
appeal by special leaves by the State of Punjab.
Kuldip Singh, learned counsel appearing for the State very strenuously argued
that this was a clear case of murder as there was no explanation offered by the
accused persons having found two bodies in the courtyard of their house. Mr.
Kuldip Singh further pointed out that the High Court has erred in disbelieving the
version of Santa Singh (PW5). According to him, it was natural version of Santa
Singh (PW5), as on the date of occurrence, he was guarding his threshed wheat crop
in his threashing floor which was situated near the threashing floor of Gurnam Singh.
He had all the opportunity of watching the happenings in the field of deceased Gurnam
Singh. The argument is incorrect. Had that been the case there was no question of
semen being found in the vaginal swabs of deceased Paramjit Kaur. Secondly,
considering the distance between the field of deceased Gurnam Singh and the
house of the accused there was no necessity to take him upto their house. He
could have been done away with in the way only. It was obvious that there was a
sexual intercourse with deceased Paramjit Kaur which was not possible if the accused
had taken deceased Gurnam Singh with them.
have carefully seen the evidence of Santa Singh (PW5). However, we are not in a
position to accept the evidence of Santa Singh (PW5). In our view, Santa Singh
(PW5) in his evidence did not even mention that when he accompanied Desa Singh (PW4)
to the house of Nishan Singh on the next morning, he saw the two bodies in the courtyard
of the house of accused persons. Desa Singh (PW4) in his evidence stated that
on reaching the house of accused Nishan Singh, he came to know that both Parmajit
Kaur and Gurnam were murdered by the accused persons. However, he also did not
state as to from where he came to know that they were murdered. It is not a case
of either Santa Singh (PW5) or Desa Singh (PW4) that they, in any way, entered
the house of the accused persons or talked to anybody. Again, we are not satisfied
with the explanation offered by the prosecution for delay in sending the copy
of FIR to the Magistrate on 16.5.1993 at 10.30 p.m. whereas the same was registered
in the morning at 9.15 a.m.
that as it may, we do not find any error in the approach of the High court in disbelieving
the evidence of Santa Singh (PW5). That would only give further credence to the
theory that Gurnam Singh must have sneaked on the night of 15.5.1993 in the
house of accused persons and he must have had sexual intercourse with Paramjit
Kaur which might have been seen by the accused persons and in the fit of rage,
they killed both of them on the spot. We do not find any reason to differ with
the conclusion arrived at by the High Court that the offence was committed due
to grave and sudden provocation and would fall under first explanation to Section
300 IPC and would amount to culpable homicide not amounting to murder. Thus, the
offence would be covered under Section 304 Part-I read with Section 34 IPC.
Kuldip Singh, then strenuously urged that the accused persons have been awarded
only five years of rigorous imprisonment and it is ridiculously less. He pointed
out that even according to the High Court, this would amount to honour killing which
cannot be taken lightly. The argument is undoubtedly correct. However, considering
that the incident in question took place in the year 1993 and thus 18 years have
passed. Further, considering the fact that the accused persons had not even crossed
the age of 25 years at the time when the incident took place and further
considering the fact that they have already undergone rigorous imprisonment for
five years and have come out of jail, we are not inclined to interfere with the
quantum of sentence and would choose to dismiss this appeal. We order
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