Patil Vs. Gulbarga University and Ors.  INSC 666 (27 August 2010)
SUPREME COURT OF INDIA CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION CIVIL APPEAL NO. 1483 OF
2005 Dr. M.S. Patil Appellant Versus Gulbarga University and Ors. Respondents
This case sadly illustrates how interim orders passed by the court
coupled with judicial delays enure to the great advantage of the wrong doer and
in the end make him bold in the false belief that with the passage of time the
equity was now firmly on his side. The appellant in this case was wrongly
appointed to the post of Reader in the Department of Kannada in Gulbarga
University. On the basis of the interim orders passed by the Court 2 and
evidently helped by the concerned authorities in the University he has been
able to hold on to the post now for over seventeen and a half years.
The manner in which the case has progressed to reach the present
stage may be stated thus. On March 30, 1992 the Gulbarga University, Gulbarga
invited applications for appointment to different posts. One of the advertised
posts was of Reader in Kannada. In the remarks column of the notification, it
was clearly shown as reserved for `Group B' category. It needs to be stated
here that a plain copy of the notification is enclosed with the paper book as
part of Annexure PI. In the remarks column of the enclosed copy, the letters
"GM" are shown against the post in question, indicating that it was
open to the general merit category. In order to show that it was incorrect Mr.
counsel for respondent No. 2 produced before us a Xerox copy of the
notification from which it clearly appears that the post was reserved for a
candidate of `Group B' category. Thus, confronted the lame plea on behalf of
the appellant was that the mistake in the copy (Annexure P1) was due to a
typing error. We do not wish to proceed any further in the matter except to say
that a typing error materially affecting the facts of the case to the benefit
of the party committing the mistake has to be viewed with a good deal of
In response to the notification, 11 applications were made for the
post in question. Only 3 applicants were from `Group B' category and the rest
were from different other categories; the appellant is from the general merit
category. According to the appellant, the Board of Appointment did not find any
of the `Group B' candidates eligible or suitable and on the basis of the
interview held on June 5, 1992 he was selected for appointment. His selection
was approved by the Syndicate on February 1, 1993 and a notification for his
appointment was issued on February 4, 1993 in pursuance of which he joined the
On June 27, 1993 respondent No.2 filed a writ petition [W.P. No.22047/1993]
in the Karnataka High Court challenging the appellant's appointment on the
ground that the post was reserved for `Group B' candidate. He also alleged that
in a certain way the appellant (respondent No. 2 in the Writ Petition) was
closely related to the Head of the Kannada Department of the University
(respondent No.3 in the WP) and his appointment was the result of favouritism.
Before the High Court, the writ petition was resisted both by the appellant and
the University. On behalf of the University, it was stated that the Writ
Petitioner (respondent No.2 in this appeal) did not satisfy the requirements as
per the government order to consider him as coming under `Group B' category
and, therefore, the Board 4 of Appointment interviewed all the candidates and
selected respondent No.2 (appellant herein, who belonged to the General
category) on the basis of his qualification, experience and performance in the
interview. The appellant and the Head of the Department (who was made a party
to the writ petition and was served with notice) on their part denied any
relationship between them.
A learned single judge of the High Court upheld the contention of
the Writ Petitioner (respondent no.2 herein) on both counts. He held that the
selection and appointment of the appellant, belonging to the General Merit
category, to the post reserved for `Group B' category was illegal. The learned
judge further held that the appellant (respondent No.2) was closely related to
the Head of the Department (respondent No.3 in the writ petition) and, therefore,
he ought not to have participated in the selection to the post of Reader in
Kannada. On behalf of the present appellant, it was also pleaded before the
learned single judge that since he had been working for several years after his
appointment to the post he should not be disturbed.
learned judge did not accept the plea. He allowed the writ petition and by
judgment and order dated December 6, 1999 set aside the selection and
appointment of the appellant as Reader in Kannada on the basis of the notification
dated March 30, 1992. The single judge directed the University 5 to fill up the
post of Reader in Kannada calling for fresh applications and to complete the
selection within 6 months from the date of the judgment. He, however, allowed
the appellant to continue on the post till the selection process was completed.
Against the judgment and order passed by the single Judge, the
appellant preferred an intra court appeal (W.A. No.1303/2000). A division bench
of the High Court, dismissed the appeal by judgment and order dated June 2,
2004. The division bench noted that the single judge had come to the conclusion
that the appellant was related to the Head of the Department and, therefore,
the Head of the Department ought not to have participated in the selection
proceedings in which a person related to him was one of the candidates. As
regards the appointment of the appellant who belonged to the general merit
category to a post reserved for `Group B' category the division bench made the
may observe that there is not material to support this contention to come to
the conclusion that the selection committee did not consider the claim of the
persons belonging to Group B category on that ground. If any of the candidates
belonging to Group B category did not satisfy the qualifications prescribed, it
can be taken note of by the selection committee and reasons can be recorded for
considering General Merit candidate for such post. But we do not find material
on record to accept that plea and to interfere in the order of the learned
Single Judge which has been passed after taking into 6 consideration the
reservation policy and the qualifications required and also the posts notified
in the notification."
By the time the appeal was heard by the division bench, ten years
had gone by and the appellant was continuing on the post. On that basis it was
strongly urged that it would be very unfair to him if he is forced to go back
to the college from where he had resigned to join the post of Reader in
Gulbarga University. The division bench was, however, unmoved. It maintained
the order passed by the learned single judge and directed the University to
fill up the post of Reader in Kannada pursuant to the notification dated March
30, 1992 giving opportunity to all the eligible candidates who had submitted
their applications in response to the notification and complete the selection
process within three months from the date of receipt of a copy of the order.
Against the order of the division bench, the appellant came to
this Court in appeal. In the SLP, notice was issued on September 13, 2004 and a
direction was given to maintain a status quo as obtaining on that date.
the leave to appeal was granted on February 28, 2005.
In the meanwhile, there were some intervening developments that
have a bearing on the matter. In compliance with the order passed by the
division bench of the High Court, the University issued an order on August 13,
2004 7 by which the appellant was discharged from the service of the University
on the post of Reader in Kannada but was asked, as directed by the High Court,
to continue as Reader in Kannada on ad-hoc basis until the completion of the
appointment of the new incumbent to the post. Later, on the basis of the
interview, held on August 20, 2004 the Board of appointment selected and
recommended for appointment one Dr. (Smt.) Mallamma Ganti. The recommendation
of the Board of Appointment was placed before the Syndicate. After much
discussion, the Syndicate approved the recommendation of the Board of
Appointment to appoint Smt. Mallamma Ganti as Reader in Kannada. But the
approval was not without qualification.
stated that the syndicate "felt that since disciplinary proceedings are
now pending against her [Dr. (Smt.) Mallamma Ganti], this fact may also be
brought to the notice of the Honorable High Court before the orders are
issued." There is nothing to show that anything was brought to the notice
of the High Court, but this much is evident that no order was ever issued for
appointment of Dr. (Smt.) Mallamma Ganti to the post in question.
In the counter affidavit filed by respondent no.2, in this appeal,
it is stated as follows:
is also relevant to state that from the information derived from the University
under the Right to Information Act, no disciplinary proceedings against Dr.
Ganti was pending as on the date of her 8 selection and yet she was not allowed
to join the said post merely to show undue favor to the appellant herein as the
University due to malafide reasons was determined to show undue favour to the
statement is not controverted either by the appellant or on behalf of the
University. Thus, the appellant was allowed to continue on the post with some
little help from the University authorities and on the basis of the order of
status quo passed by this Court.
the facts of the case are narrated, there remains hardly anything to adjudicate
upon. The facts of the case lead to only one conclusion that the appellant was
wrongly appointed to a post that was reserved for `Group B' category. The High
Court has also found that the appellant's selection for appointment to the post
was tainted by the participation of the Head of the Department of Kannada, who
was related to him, in the selection process. In those facts and circumstances,
all that is needed is to dismiss the appeal without further ado.
But at this stage once again a strong appeal is made to let the
appellant continue on the post where he has already worked for over 17 years.
Mr. Patil, learned senior counsel, appearing for the appellant, submitted that
throwing him out after more than 17 years would be very hard and unfair to 9
him since now he cannot even go back to the college where he worked as lecturer
and from where he had resigned to join to this post.
We are unimpressed. In service law there is no place for the
concepts of adverse possession or holding over. Helped by some University
authorities and the gratuitous circumstances of the interim orders passed by
the Court and the delay in final disposal of the mater, the appellant has been
occupying the post, for all these years that lawfully belonged to someone else.
The equitable considerations are, thus, actually against him rather than in his
favour. The matter can also be looked at from a slightly different angle. It is
noted above how the appellant was able to secure the appointment and how he
managed to continue on the post. By notification dated August 13, 2004, the
appellant was discharged from the service of the University on the post of
Reader in Kannada but was asked to continue on ad-hoc basis until the
appointment of the new incumbent to the post. His position is, thus, only ad-
hoc till the appointment of the new incumbent and in that position he is
continuing on the basis of the direction of this court to maintain status quo.
We see no reason to continue this ad-hoc arrangement any further and we do not
wish to stand any longer in the way of the post being filled up on a regular
Since the matter has become very old, it would not be reasonable
for the University to fill up the post on the basis of the notification issued
in the year 1993. The University may, therefore, issue a fresh notification to
fill up the post. The process of selection and appointment on the basis of the
fresh notification should be completed within six months from today.
In the result, the appeal is dismissed with costs, quantified at
Rs.50.000.00 (rupees fifty thousand only).
....................................J (AFTAB ALAM)
....................................J (R.M. LODHA)
August 27, 2010.