Godse Vs. State of Maharashtra & ANR.  INSC 296 (12 February 2009)
IN THE SUPREME COURT
OF INDIA CRIMINAL APPELLATE JURISDICTION CRIMINAL APPEAL NO 891 OF 2001 Milind
Bhagwanrao Godse .. Appellant Versus State of Maharashtra & Another ..
Dalveer Bhandari, J.
appeal is directed against the judgment of the High Court of Judicature of
Bombay, Bench at Aurangabad in Criminal Appeal No. 187 of 1991 dated
09.03.2001. The appellant (original accused no. 1) and his parents (original
accused nos. 2 and 3) were alleged to have committed offences punishable under
sections 498A, 306 and 109 read with 2 section 34 of the Indian Penal Code
(for short `IPC'). The learned IInd Additional Sessions Judge, Beed convicted
the appellant under section 498A IPC to suffer rigorous imprisonment for one
year and to pay a fine of Rs.2,500/-, in default whereof to suffer further
rigorous imprisonment for six months. The appellant was also convicted under
section 306 IPC to suffer rigorous imprisonment for three years and to pay a
fine of Rs.5,000/-, in default whereof to suffer further rigorous imprisonment
for six months. Original accused nos. 2 and 3 were, however, acquitted by the
learned IInd Additional Sessions Judge, Beed.
facts which are necessary to dispose of the appeal are recapitulated as under:
The appellant was
married to the deceased Lata on 9.11.1987. The deceased was a highly qualified
woman. She had obtained distinction in Masters of Science (M.Sc.). She secured
second position in the Marathwada University in the Diploma in Business
Management. She had also passed Diploma in Higher Education. She was doing
Bachelor of 3 Education (B.Ed.) at the time of commission of the offence. She
was serving as a Lecturer in Balbhim College at Beed.
deceased Lata after marriage resided with the appellant. The appellant was
living in a joint family with his parents. It was not a happy marriage from its
There was constant
taunting leading to mental cruelty to the deceased by the appellant and his
deceased visited her parents at Pandharpur in January 1988. She disclosed to
her parents that she was constantly subjected to humiliation. The deceased
again visited her parents in May 1988. She again disclosed to her parents that
the appellant and his parents used to subject her to extreme mental cruelty and
torture. She complained that the appellant asked her not to spend her salary,
otherwise he would divorce her.
also disclosed to her parents that the appellant used to tell her that a number
of beautiful girls were after him. She also complained that the appellant and
her father-in-law used to demand the salary from her and on refusal, both of
them used to frequently ask her to leave the house. She further 4 told her
parents that her mother-in-law dispensed with the services of maid servants and
compelled her to do all that domestic work.
again visited at Pandharpur on third occasion for the purpose of delivery in
July 1988. She was there from July 1988 to October 1988. She delivered a baby
boy. The appellant and the deceased took a residential quarter on rent and
stayed there for three weeks. However, they vacated the rental premises and
started residing separately on the first floor of the ancestral house. The
deceased was brought back to the ancestral house against her wishes.
is an admitted position that the appellant was a junior lawyer and not settled
in practice. He used to constantly demand money from the deceased. The
appellant used to give her threats of divorcing her even in case of slight
delay in withdrawing money from the bank to be given to the appellant.
According to the statements of Vidhya P.W.7 and Vasant P.W.8, sister and father
of the deceased respectively, and Exh. 46, it is abundantly clear that the
appellant 5 constantly used to give threats of divorce. This led to extreme
mental torture to the deceased.
was a family function Jawal ceremony (first head- shaving ceremony of child) in
August 1989 at the house of the appellant. All guests including the parents and
sisters of the deceased were invited for the ceremony. The parents and sisters
of the deceased noticed ill treatment meted out by the appellant to the
deceased on account of shortage of vegetable.
The appellant had
humiliated and insulted the deceased in presence of all guests and announced
that he would take decision to divorce her in that very month.
9.10.1989 at about 6:15 p.m., Vasant P.W.8, father of the deceased, received a
telegram to the effect "Lata burnt seriously. Do not come with Rohit for
his insecurity". The telegram was signed by one Dodsay. In response to the
telegram, the parents of the deceased rushed to Beed. They reached Beed at 2.15
a.m. on 10.10.1989. They saw the completely burnt dead body of the deceased in
deceased, because of constant mental torture caused by the appellant, decided
to put an end to her life. On 9.10.1989 at about 2.30 p.m. at Dhondipura, Beed,
the deceased committed suicide by setting herself on fire.
unknown boy informed Vidhya P.W.7 that the deceased had visited the post office
at 1 p.m. on 9.10.1989.
Vidhya P.W.7 went to
the post office and made enquiry. It was found that the deceased herself had
sent telegrams Exhs. 35 to 37 to her father Vasant P.W.8, to her sister Vidhya
P.W.7 and to her parental uncle at Kolhapur. Vasant P.W.8 went to the police
station and lodged the first information report Exh.
50 on 10.10.1989 at
4.00 p.m. On the basis of the first information report, Crime No. 313 of 1989
was registered under sections 498A and 306 read with section 34 of the Indian
Investigating Officer prepared inquest panchnamma Exh. 16 of the dead body of
the deceased on 10.10.1989. He prepared spot panchnamma Exh. 29. The deceased
had committed suicide in the kitchen. The Investigating Officer sent the dead
body for autopsy. The autopsy was performed 7 on the dead body of the deceased
on 10.10.1989. The deceased had 100% burns. The charge sheet was submitted
against the appellant and his parents in the Court of Chief Judicial
Magistrate, Beed. The learned Chief Judicial Magistrate, Beed committed the
original accused to the Sessions Court, Beed to stand their trial.
prosecution examined 11 witnesses in order to prove the guilt of the accused.
Sushma P.W.6 is the next-door neighbour. Vidhya P.W.7 and Vasant P.W.8 are the
sister and father of the deceased respectively.
defence of the appellant is that the deceased was a highly educated woman. She
was over ambitious. She wanted all the luxuries of life. However, the appellant
was a junior lawyer and not settled in the practice of law. His income was too
meager to fulfill the dreams of the deceased. The appellant admitted that he
was demanding money from the deceased for the purpose of their maintenance and
not for bad vices. As per the appellant, the deceased was frustrated in life
because 8 her dreams were not fulfilled and ultimately she had committed
the instant case, the first information report was lodged by Vasant P.W.8 which
fully stands corroborated to the prosecution case. In his statement, he stated
that the appellant was constantly demanding money from the deceased and he also
prohibited the deceased from spending money even from her salary and used to
threaten her to divorce her.
Vasant P.W.8 further
stated in his statement that the appellant used to continuously demand money
and in case of delay in payment, he used to scold her. Vasant P.W.8 stated that
at the time of Jawal ceremony in 1989, the appellant scolded the deceased
because of shortage of vegetable and food in the presence of everyone. Vasant
P.W.8 also stated about letter Exh.46 and identified the writing of the
46 is a letter written by the deceased to her parents on 9.10.1989, just before
she had committed suicide. The deceased wrote in the letter that she was an
She thought that she
would have some moments of 9 happiness, but it was not possible because of the
nature of her husband (the appellant herein). She mentioned that on the last
day and night, the appellant had quarrelled with her and in the morning the
appellant cursed the father of the deceased. She stated that the appellant had
gone to the extent of saying that since she was so proud of the influence of
her father, she should live with her father in matrimony and also said many
things of that sort. She specifically stated that the appellant had harassed
her so much that it would not be possible for her to live with him any more.
She further stated in the letter that it is one thing of not earning money and
another to frequently dishonour and to give trouble to the deceased and her son
stated in the letter that the appellant deliberately twisted the leg of Rohit
(his small son) and broke his bone.
She also stated in
the letter that the appellant did so because he had a brother Arvind who was
physically handicapped and he wanted Rohit to be like Arvind and also because
the deceased loved her son Rohit intensely. She stated in the letter that the
appellant had unusual attraction towards other 10 girls, particularly towards
deceased's sister Asha, Sushma, Sandhya, sister of Charuhas, wife of Anil
Pangrikar. The deceased wrote in the letter that the appellant, in order to
torture and mentally harass her, used to say that these girls had good physical
figures and looked beautiful. The deceased also stated in the letter that the
appellant used to say that there would be a row of girls now for marriage with
These comments led to
severe mental torture.
requested her parents to take care of her minor son Rohit and wanted that there
should not be a shadow of the appellant on Rohit.
letter is indeed very emotional and was written in extreme distressing mental
condition. This letter clearly demonstrates that the deceased was so much
mentally tortured by the appellant that she had decided to put an end to her
accused persons were tried for offences punishable under sections 498A and 306
IPC. The learned IInd 11 Additional Sessions Judge, Beed relied on the
evidence of Sushma P.W.6 (neighbour), Vidhya P.W.7 (sister) and Vasant P.W.8
(father) of the deceased respectively. After careful scrutiny of the entire
evidence, the learned IInd Additional Sessions Judge acquitted accused nos. 2
and 3, but convicted accused no. 1 under section 498A IPC and sentenced him to
suffer rigorous imprisonment for one year and to pay a fine of Rs.2,500/-, in
default of payment to fine to further undergo rigorous imprisonment for six
months. The appellant was also convicted under section 306 IPC and was
sentenced to three years' rigorous imprisonment and was also directed to pay a
fine of Rs.5,000/-, in default of which to further undergo rigorous
imprisonment for six months.
appellant, aggrieved by the judgment of the learned IInd Additional Sessions
Judge, Beed, preferred an appeal before the High Court of Bombay at Aurangabad
Bench. The High Court correctly analyzed the entire evidence on record and came
to a clear finding that the prosecution has established the guilt of the
appellant beyond reasonable doubt. The appeal filed by the appellant was
dismissed and 12 the order of conviction and sentence passed by the Learned
IInd Additional Sessions Judge, Beed was confirmed. The appellant, aggrieved by
the judgment of the High Court, preferred this appeal.
concurrent findings were found against the appellant, however, in the interest
of justice, we again carefully examined the entire evidence and documents on
record. The evidence of Sushma P.W.6 (neighbour of the deceased), Vidhya P.W.7
(sister of the deceased) and Vasant P.W.8 (father of the deceased) clearly lead
to the only conclusion that this was a case of extreme mental cruelty which was
perpetuated from the point of marriage and lasted till the deceased had
committed suicide. There cannot be any iota of doubt that the extreme mental
cruelty and torture compelled the deceased to put an end to her life. The
appellant was wholly responsible for creating all the circumstances which led
the deceased to take an extreme step of putting an end to her life.
46, the letter written by the deceased to her parents on 9.10.1989 immediately
before she had committed suicide, gives graphic description of the number of
instances of extreme mental torture, day in and day out. This letter gives the
impression that the appellant was deriving sadistic pleasure in causing extreme
mental torture to the deceased.
He would leave no
stone unturned to ensure that the maximum mental torture and agony is caused to
the deceased. We do not find the slightest doubt that the circumstances which
have been enumerated in Exh. 46 and the testimony of P.Ws. 6, 7 and 8 lead to a
situation where the deceased virtually was left with no option except to take
an extreme step of putting an end to her life.
our considered view, the learned IInd Additional Sessions Judge and the learned
Judge of the High Court correctly evaluated the entire evidence on record and
arrived at correct conclusion. No interference is called for. The appeal being
devoid of any merit is accordingly dismissed.
the bail bond of the appellant are cancelled. The appellant is directed to
surrender forthwith to serve out the remaining sentence.
(Harjit Singh Bedi)
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