C.B.I. & ANR. Vs. D.P. Singh  INSC 1804 (16 December 2009)
SUPREME COURT OF INDIA CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION CIVIL APPEAL NO. 1485 OF
2003 The Director, Central Bureau of Investigation & Anr. ...Appellants
Versus Shri D.P. Singh ...Respondent JUDGEMENT R.M. Lodha, J.
This appeal by special leave is directed against the judgment of
the High Court of Delhi dated March 8, 2002 whereby writ petition preferred by
the present respondent was allowed and it was directed that his seniority to
the post of Deputy Superintendent of Police (Dy.S.P.) should be counted from
November 24, 1977 in place of June 29, 1987.
D. P. Singh-respondent-joined U. P. Police Service on February 16,
1964 as Sub-Inspector. On May 11, 1966, he was sent on deputation to the
Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) as Sub-Inspector. While he was on
deputation, he was appointed to the post of Inspector on December 31, 1970
against deputation quota as per the then existing Special Police Establishment
(Executive Staff) Recruitment Rules, 1963 (for short, `Rules, 1963'). He
continued to be on deputation with CBI and vide Order dated November 24, 1977,
he was appointed to the post of Dy. S.P. on ad-hoc basis. He appears to have
exercised his option for absorption to the post of Dy.S.P. in CBI in 1980 and
the request for absorption also seems to have been accepted in 1983 but no
formal order was issued and it was only vide order dated May 15, 1995 that
respondent was absorbed in the service of CBI and appointed as Dy.S.P. on
transfer basis with effect from June 29, 1987 on the recommendation of Union
Public Service Commission (UPSC) and as per the guidelines issued by Department
of Personnel and Training (DOPT) vide Office Memorandum dated May 29, 1986. The
respondent, however, made representation and claimed his seniority with effect
from November 24, 1977 when he was initially appointed to the post of Dy.S.P.
in CBI. No favorable response on his representation was received by the
respondent. He, then, approached Central Administrative 2 Tribunal (CAT),
Principal Bench, New Delhi by filing original application praying therein that
direction be issued to the present appellants to fix his seniority in the grade
of Dy.S.P. with effect from November 24, 1977 in place of June 29, 1987.
On February 3, 1998, CAT dismissed original application filed by
the present respondent. The respondent sought review of the order dated
February 3, 1998 from the CAT but the review application, too, was dismissed on
September 10, 1999.
The present respondent aggrieved by the aforesaid orders of CAT,
filed writ petition before the High Court which, as indicated above, has been
allowed by the impugned order.
We heard Mr. P.P. Malhotra, Additional Solicitor General for the
appellants and Mr. Rakesh K. Khanna, Senior Counsel for the respondent at quite
It is important to notice here that although respondent joined CBI
as Sub-Inspector on May 11, 1966 on deputation from U.P. Police and he
continued to be on deputation for more than two decades and during this period
he was appointed by CBI on next higher posts, viz; Inspector and 3 Dy.S.P. but
until his absorption as Dy.S.P. in CBI with effect from June 29, 1987, he
continued his lien in the parent department and was not promoted to the post of
Dy.S.P. in U.P. Police (i.e. his parent department).
In this backdrop, we deem it appropriate to reproduce the order
dated December 26, 1977 whereby the respondent was appointed to officiate as
Dy.S.P. with effect from November 24, 1977.
Govt. of India Ministry of Home Affairs, Deptt. of Personnel & A.R.,
Central Bureau of Investigation Kotah House Hutments, New Delhi.
Dec 1977 NOTIFICATION (TO BE PUBLISHED IN GAZETTE OF INDIA PART III SEC.I) The
director, Central Bureau of Investigation and Inspector General of Police,
Special Police Establishment hereby appoints Shri D.P. Singh, Inspector of
Branch and an officer of Uttar Pradesh Police Deptt.
officiate as Dy. Supdt. of Police in Central Bureau of Investigation, Special
Police Establishment with effect from the forenoon of 24.11.77 in a temporary
capacity until further order.
Administrative Officer (E) Central Bureau of Investigation."
Rules, 1963 have been made by the President in exercise of the
powers conferred by the proviso to Article 309 of the Constitution. These rules
apply to the post of Superintendent of Police and Deputy Superintendent of
Police in the Special Police Establishment. Inter alia, Schedule appended
thereto provides that post of Deputy Superintendent of Police which is
classified as General Central Service Group, gazetted and non-ministerial post,
shall be filled in by selection.
schedule provides for quota for selection to the post of Dy. S.P. for
deputationists. There is a note appended to the Schedule for the post of
Superintendent of Police and Deputy Superintendent of Police which provides
that when these posts are held by deputation by officers of the State or
Central Government Department, these posts will be treated as tenure posts. The
note further provides that deputationists will not be eligible for promotion in
the quota shown against the higher posts but if they are otherwise suitable and
if vacancies are available, such deputationists may be appointed against
Rules, 1963 were amended in 1972 whereby in columns 10 and 11 in
Schedule the following provisions were made :
Promotion - 30 per cent failing which by transfer on deputation failing both by
Transfer/deputation-50 per cent failing which by direct recruitment.
Direct recruitment-20 per cent in consultation with the Union Public Service
of Police in the Central Bureau of Investigation with 5 years service in the
grade rendered after appointment thereto on a regular basis.
officers of the State or Central Government Department who are holding
equivalent posts or who, though holding posts in the next lower grade, are
officer approved for promotion to equivalent posts, Deputation:
Inspector in the Central Bureau of Investigation who have put in at least 5
years service in the rank in the State/Central Bureau of Investigation out of
which at least 3 years is in the Central Bureau of Investigation.
of deputation ordinarily not exceeding 5 years)."
Further amendment was brought in the Rules, 1963 as amended in
1972 by amendment Rules, 1987.
On May 29, 1986, an Office Memorandum was issued by Department of
Personnel and Training (DOPT), Government of India dealing with the subject of
seniority of persons absorbed after being on deputation whereby sub-para (iv)
to para 7 of earlier Office Memorandum dated December 22, 1959 was added. Since
the whole controversy centres around this Office Memorandum, we deem it
appropriate to reproduce it as it is :
20020/7/80-Estt(D) Government of India/Bharat Sarkar Ministry of Personnel,
Public Grievances & Pensions Department of Personnel & Training New
Delhi, the 29th May, 1986 OFFICE MEMORANDUM Subject : Seniority of persons
absorbed after being on deputation.
undersigned is directed to say that the existing instructions on seniority of
transferees contained in paras 7 of the Annexure to this Department's O.M. No.
9/11/55-RPs dated the 22nd December, 1959 (copy enclosed) mainly deal with
cases where persons are straight way appointed on transfer. It is, however,
observed that most of the cases of permanent absorption are those where the
officers were taken on deputation initially under the method of `transfer on
deputation/transfer' contained in the relevant recruitment rules. This O.M. is
intended to fill this gap in the existing instructions.
in the type of cases mentioned above, that is, where an officer initially comes
on deputation and is subsequently absorbed, the normal principle that the seniority
should be counted from the date of such absorption, should mainly apply. Where,
however, the officer has already been holding on the date of absorption in the
same or equivalent grade on regular basis in his parent department, it would be
equitable and appropriate that such regular service in the grade should also be
taken into account in determining his seniority subject only to the condition
that at the most it would be only from the date of deputation to the grade in
which absorption is being made. It has also to be ensured that the fixation of
seniority of a transferee in accordance with the above principle will not
affect any regular promotions made prior to the date of absorption.
Accordingly, it has been decided to add the following sub-para (iv) to para 7
of general principles communicated vide O.M. dated 22nd December, 1959:
In the case of a person which is initially taken on deputation and absorbed
later (i.e. where the relevant recruitment rules provide for transfer on
deputation/transfer"), his seniority in the grade in which he is absorbed
will normally be counted from the date of absorption. -If he has, however, been
holding already (on the date of absorption) the same or equivalent grade on
regular basis in his parent department, such regular service in the grade shall
also be taken into account in fixing his seniority, subject to the condition
that he will be given seniority from.
date he has been holding the post on deputation, or - the date from which he
has been appointed on a regular basis to the same or equivalent grade in his
parent department, whichever is later.
fixation of seniority of a transferee in accordance with the above principle
will not, 8 however, affect any regular promotions to the next higher grade
made prior to the date of such absorption. In other words, it will be operative
only in filling up of vacancies in higher grade taking place after such
in which transfers are not strictly in public interest, the transferred officers
will be placed below all officers appointed regularly to the grade on the date
the Ministries/Departments are requested kindly to bring these instructions to
the notice of all concerned in the Ministries/Departments and Attached and
Subordinate Offices under them for their guidance and to ensure their
orders will not be applicable to transfers within the Indian Audit and Accounts
Department which are governed by orders issued by the C & A.G. from time to
version is attached.
(K.S.R. Krishna Roa) Deputy Secretary to the Government of India."
Mr. P.P. Malhotra, Additional Solicitor General urged that since
the respondent was not Dy.S.P. in his parent department in 1977 nor was he
holding equivalent grade of Dy.S.P. on regular basis in his parent department
(U.P. Service), his seniority in the grade of Dy.S.P. has to be counted from
June 29,1987 when he was absorbed. He, thus, submitted 9 that the judgment of
the High Court is unsustainable in the light of sub-para (iv) as mentioned in
O.M. dated May 29, 1986.
On the other hand, Mr. Rakesh K. Khanna, learned Senior Counsel
for the respondent submitted that since the respondent has been holding the
post of Dy.S.P. in CBI since November 24, 1977, as per sub-para (iv), his
seniority from the date he has been holding such post must be counted. He
relied upon decisions of this court in the case of K. Madhavan and Another v.
Union of India and Others1, Direct Recruit Class II Engineering Officers' Association
v. State of Maharashtra and Others2, Union of India and Another v. Harish
Chander Bhatia and Others3 and Rameshwar Prasad v. Managing Director, U.P.
Rajkiya Nirman Nigam Limited and Others4. He also submitted that part of the
Office Memorandum dated May 29, 1986 has been declared unconstitutional by this
Court in Sub- Inspector Rooplal and Another v. Lt. Governor through Chief
Secretary, Delhi and Others5.
4 SCC 566 2 (1990) 2 SCC 715 3 (1995) 2 SCC 48 4 (1999) 8 SCC 381 5 (2000) 1
SCC 644 10
The question involved in the case of sub-Inspector Rooplal5 was
whether a Sub-Inspector, who was appointed as such in the Border Security Force
when transferred on deputation to the Delhi Police in the cadre of
Sub-inspector (Executive) on being permanently absorbed with the transferred
post, was entitled to count his substantive service as Sub- Inspector in BSF
for the purpose of seniority in the cadre of Sub-Inspector (Executive) in the
Delhi Police or not. While dealing with the aforesaid question, this Court
referred to long line of cases and, particularly, relying upon the decisions of
this Court in R.S. Makashi v. I.M. Menon .6 and Wing Commander J. Kumar v.
Union of India7 held that right of deputationist to count his service for the
purpose of seniority in the transferred department was well settled and,
therefore, when a deputationist is absorbed in a department, he would certainly
have expected that his seniority in the parent department would be counted. The
court, however, clarified that if the previous service of a transferred
official is to be counted for seniority in the transferred post, then two posts
should be equivalent. This 6 (1982) 1 SCC 379 7 (1982) 2 SCC 116 11 Court,
however, declared the expression "whichever is later"
The judgment of this Court in Sub-Inspector Rooplal5 is of no help to the
respondent as he did not hold the post of Dy. S.P. or equivalent post in his
parent department at the time of transfer or absorption.
As a matter of fact, the plain reading of sub-para (iv) which has
been added to earlier O.M. dated December 22, 1959 vide O.M. dated May 29, 1986
would show that it provides that a deputationist whose services are absorbed
later would get his seniority in the grade in which he is absorbed normally
from the date of his absorption. However, in a case of person who has already
been holding the same or equivalent grade in his parent department on regular
basis, his seniority shall be counted from the date he was holding same or
equivalent grade in his parent department. Insofar as the present case is
concerned, admittedly, respondent did not hold the rank of Dy.S.P. or the
equivalent post in his parent department on the date of his appointment as
Dy.S.P. on ad-hoc basis in 1977 or at the time of his absorption in 1987 and,
therefore, his seniority in Dy.S.P. can only be counted from the date of his
absorption, 12 i.e., June 29, 1987. If the construction put by the learned
Senior Counsel for the respondent to sub-para (iv) is accepted, it would render
the first part of sub-para (iv), viz., "In the case of a person which is
initially taken on deputation and absorbed later (i.e. where the relevant
recruitment rules provide for transfer on deputation/transfer), his seniority
in the grade in which he is absorbed will normally be counted from the date of
and surplussage. Such construction would be against the basic rule of
construction that language of the statute should be read as it is and a
construction which results in rejection of words as redundant must be avoided.
In Aswini Kumar Ghose v. Arabinda Bose8, this Court observed that it is not a
sound principle of construction to brush aside words in a statute as being
inapposite surplussage, if they can have appropriate application in
circumstances conceivably within the contemplation of the statute.
In K. Madhavan1, this Court, while holding that `deputation' may
be regarded as a `transfer' from one government department to another,
reiterated that transfer cannot wipe out length of service in the post from
which an 8 AIR 1952 SC 369 13 employee has been transferred and if a government
servant holding a particular post is transferred to the same or equivalent post
in another government department, the period of his service in the post before
his transfer ought to be taken into consideration. This legal position admits
of no doubt but the respondent herein did not hold the post of Dy.S.P. or
equivalent grade on regular basis in his parent department prior to his
absorption and, therefore, the principle laid down in K. Madhavan1 has no
17. It is
true that respondent was appointed as Dy.S.P. on officiating basis by CBI in
1977 and he continued as such until his absorption in 1987, the question is,
should the said period be taken into account for considering his seniority. The
answer, in our opinion, has to be in the negative. It is so because sub-para
(iv) of Office Memorandum as quoted above plainly provides that date of
absorption, ordinarily, would be the date from which seniority in the grade is
to be reckoned. In the present case, no departure from the aforesaid position
is possible as the respondent was not holding the post of Dy.S.P. or equivalent
post in his parent department any time prior to his 14 absorption. The two
decisions in Direct Recruit Class II Engineering Officers' Association2 and
Harish Chander Bhatia3 heavily relied upon by the Senior Counsel for the
respondent, in our view, are not of much help to the respondent because his
initial appointment as Dy.S.P. was purely on ad-hoc basis and there is nothing
to indicate that his selection was according to Rules. As a matter of fact, the
respondent could have been absorbed only after receipt of recommendation from
period during which the respondent worked as Dy.S.P. in CBI on officiating
basis prior to his absorption, in our considered view, cannot be counted. The
Tribunal in this regard held thus :
We are of the view so long as the applicant could claim no lien on the post of
Dy. Superintendent of Police in C.B.I., he could not claim any seniority in
C.B.I. After he was absorbed on 9.11.1994, he could claim lien on that post and
the earlier lien with U.P. Police would cease to exist from that date. Accordingly,
we find no merit in the claim of the applicant for his seniority from 1977 as
Dy. Superintendent of Police in C.B.I. Further, the claim also appears to be
barred by time. If the applicant considered himself entitled to seniority from
1977, he ought to have come immediately after the date he was denied seniority
by the respondents."
no infirmity in the aforesaid view of the Tribunal.
For the foregoing reasons, appeal deserves to be allowed and is
allowed. The judgment dated March 8, 2002 impugned in the present appeal is set
aside. Parties shall bear their own costs.
........................J (Markandey Katju)
........................J (R. M. Lodha)
December 16, 2009.