Central Bank of India & Ors.  INSC 1568 (16 September 2008)
REPORTABLE IN THE
SUPREME COURT OF INDIA CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION CIVIL APPEAL NO. 5683 OF
2008 [Arising out of SLP(C) No.2757/07] K. M. Mishra ... Appellant Versus
Central Bank of India & Ors. ... Respondents
AFTAB ALAM, J.
dispute over promotion to the post of Chief Manager, Rajbhasha in Senior
Manager Grade, Scale IV in the Central Bank of India has brought this matter to
this Court. Respondent No.5 was granted promotion to the post on 19 May 1997 in
preference to the Appellant. He challenged the promotion given to the
respondent before the Bombay High Court in Writ 2 Petition No. 1412 of 1997.
The High Court dismissed the writ petition by judgment and order dated 24
November 2006. This appeal is filed against the judgment of the High Court.
would be useful to state at the beginning certain basic facts that are admitted
or are, at any rate, undeniable as that would keep us from straying into issues
that have no relevance to the dispute giving rise to this appeal.
The promotion from
Middle Management Grade (Scale III) to Senior Management Grade (Scale IV) is
made on the principle of merit-cum- seniority from among officers who have
completed five years' satisfactory service in MMG scale III. The Bank's
Promotion Policy for Officers in clause 3.3 provides as follows.
from Middle Management Grade Scale III to Senior Management Grade Scale IV --
For promotion from Middle Management Grade Scale III to Senior Management Grade
Scale IV, an officer should have completed a minimum of 5 years of satisfactory
service in Middle Management Grade Scale III."
The selection from
among the eligible candidates, i.e., officers who have completed the qualifying
service of five years in MMG Scale III is made on the basis of an interview and
annual Performance Appraisal Ratings for three preceding years. For the
promotion in question, the appellant and respondent no. 5, both of whom had
completed five years' qualifying 3 service in MMG Scale III were assessed in
the same way. In the interview both the appellant and respondent No.5 were
awarded 30 marks. In the annual PARs, however, though the appellant had `Very
Good', same as respondent no.5 for the year 1994-95, for the other two years
1995-96 and 1996-97 he had only `Good' against `Very Good' obtained by
respondent no.5. The remark `Very Good' carried 32 marks and `Good' 24 marks.
Thus the Performance Appraisal Ratings of the appellant averaged out to 26.6
and that of respondent No.5 to 32. In this way, out of 100 the appellant had
56.6 marks as against 62.0 secured by respondent No.5. Respondent No.5 was
accordingly selected and promoted to the post.
appellant after unsuccessfully challenging the promotion granted to respondent
no.5 before the Bombay High Court has brought the matter to this Court.
the judgment coming under appeal, it appears that before the High Court the
promotion granted to respondent No.5 was assailed on one of the grounds that
respondent No.5 did not possess the requisite educational qualifications. It
was stated before the High Court that there were three options in regard to
educational qualifications and respondent No.5 came in the third option that
required a second class Master's degree in Economics/Commerce in Hindi medium
with English as an elective 4 subject at Bachelor's degree level. It was
submitted before the High Court that respondent No.5 did not fulfil the
requirement of educational qualifications and he was wrongly given the
promotion. The High Court considered the submission and rejected it holding
that respondent No.5 duly fulfilled the academic qualifications as well.
Apparently, however, the High Court was not informed and it was completely
overlooked that the educational qualifications referred to by the appellant
pertained to the entry level post of Hindi Officer in Scale I.
the issue of the educational qualifications came under discussion in the High
Court judgment, before this Court it has been vastly expanded and turned into
practically the main plank of attack to the promotion given to respondent no.5.
A number of affidavits have been filed both by the appellant and respondent
No.5 bringing on record his Master's degree, the Bachelor level marks-sheets
and courses of studies etc. of Agra University (from where respondent No.5 took
his Graduation and Master's degrees). On the basis of the affidavits and the
enclosed documents, the appellant seeks to contend before the Court that though
satisfying the first part of the educational criteria of having a Master's
degree in Commerce in Hindi medium, respondent no.5 did not have English as an
elective subject at the Bachelor degree level. Mr. A. K. Srivastava, learned
senior advocate, 5 appearing for the appellant set forth before the Court in
great detail the various documents obtained from the Agra University contending
that the claim of respondent no. 5 that he had elective English at the
Bachelor's level was not borne out from the University documents. Needless to
say that on behalf of respondent No.5 it is equally strenuously argued that he
fully satisfied the educational criteria and he had English as one of the
subjects at the Graduate level.
our considered view the matter of educational qualification of respondent No.5
is a non-issue insofar as his promotion to SMG Scale IV is concerned. As noted
above, the educational qualifications referred to by the appellant pertain to
the entry level post of Hindi Officer Scale I. The appellant was promoted as
Hindi Officer Class I in 1976 and respondent No.5 came to join that post in
1978. Later on both of them were promoted to scales II and III and it was after
about 20 years of entry into service that both of them came up for
consideration for promotion to SMG Scale IV.
Even while the
selection process was going on the appellant did not raise this objection
before the Bank management. The objection was taken for the first time before
the High Court and at that stage too it was not made clear that the educational
qualifications were not relevant for the promotion in question but that
pertained only to the entry level post. At this stage, 6 therefore, we are
completely disinclined to go into the question of the educational qualification
of respondent No.5, more so since it is not at all conclusive or clear that
respondent No.5 did not have English as one of the elective subjects at the
takes us to consider the second objection raised on behalf of the appellant
with regard to being given `Good' as his Performance Appraisal Ratings for the
years 1995-96 and 1996-97. It is stated by the appellant that on the retirement
of Mr. R. V. Tiwari, Assistant General Manager (Hindi Department) on 1 February
1993, he was asked to take over as Head of the Hindi Department on officiating
basis; at that time he was in MMG Scale III. In that position, from 1 June 1993
he was asked to report directly to the General Manager. On the retirement of
Mr. Arjun Bhaya, General Manager, Hindi Cell, one Mr. S.C. Unhelkar, Chief
Manager (System and Procedure) from the main stream of the Bank was posted as
Chief Manager, Rajbhasha on 1 April, 1996. The appellant objected to the
posting of Mr. Unhelkar as he was from the main stream and his posting in
Rajbhasha was in violation of the Government guidelines. Similar objections
were also raised by the Central Bank Officers' Association. It is further
stated on behalf of the appellant that for the years 1995-96 and 1996-97 his
Performance Appraisal Ratings were given by Mr. Unhelkar and he gave him the
rating `Good' for 7 those two years. In fairness to the appellant it must be
noted that he does not allege any mala fide on the part of Mr. Unhelkar but Mr.
Srivastava argued that the appellant's performance appraisal for the two years
in question by Mr. Unhelkar was in breach of the guidelines provided under the
Performance Appraisal System of Officers of the Central Bank of India.
the guidelines it appears that appraisals are to be made annually on calendar
year basis, i.e., for the period from January to December. It is a two tier
process in which the officer concerned makes his own appraisal and submits it
to his Reporting Officer. The remarks given by the Reporting Officer are
finally reviewed by the Reviewing Officer. Clause 3 of the Guidelines provides
that in case the concerned officer does not submit his self-appraisal within
one month of receiving the format, the Reporting Authority would have the right
to submit his report concerning the officer to the Reviewing Authority. Clause
6 of the Guidelines provides that if a Reporting/Reviewing Authority is to
retire on a specified date, care should be taken to ensure, as far as
practicable, that appraisals of the officers working under him are taken before
his retirement. Much reliance was placed on behalf of the appellant on Clause 4
of the Guidelines that provides as follows:
"It should be
ensured that the Appraisee has worked under both Reporting and Reviewing
Authority for a 8 minimum period of six months before he is appraised by them.
If it is not so, the appraisal form of the officer concerned should be sent to
the previous Reporting/Reviewing Authority under whom he has worked for six
months or more."
Srivastava submitted that in both the calendar years 1995-96 and 1996-97 the
appellant had worked under Mr. Unhelkar for less than six months and hence, he
was not competent or authorised to give any appraisal ratings to the appellant.
The appellant had worked under Mr. Unhelkar from 9 September, 1996 to 9 March,
1997; in other words in the year 1996 he worked under Mr. Unhelkar for about
four months and in 1997 for only three months. Mr. Srivastava also placed
before us the appellant's performance appraisals during his service tenure. It
appears that right from 1984 to 1994 his ratings were `Excellent'. In 1995 he
was given `Very Good'. In 1996 the Reporting Authority gave him `Good' and the
Reviewing Authority `Very Good' but the overall rating came down to `Good'. In
1997 both the Reporting and Reviewing Authorities gave him `Good'. In 1998 the
rating once again picked up to `Very Good'.
position in this regard is clarified in the counter affidavit filed by the
Bank. In the Bank's counter affidavit it is stated that in the year 1994- 95,
the appellant duly submitted his self-appraisal before Mr. Bhaya who 9 was the
General Manager at that time. But in 1995-96, the appellant did not submit his
self-appraisal in time and though in terms of Clause 3 of the Guidelines Mr.
Bhaya could give his appraisal rating concerning the appellant he did not do so
till his retirement. The appellant submitted his self-appraisal for two years
1995-96 and 1996-97 after Mr.Bhaya had already retired from service and thus it
fell upon Mr. Unhelkar to write the appellant's Performance Appraisal Ratings
for the two years. It is true that in the year 1996 Mr. Unhelkar was the
appellant's Reporting Officer for less than six months but in the
circumstances, for which the appellant himself was responsible to a great
extent, his work appraisal could only be made by Mr. Unhelkar. It is further
pointed out that in both years 1995-96 and 1996- 97 Mr. Tiwary was the
Reviewing Authority under whom the appellant had worked for a very long period
and against whom he did not have any objection.
L.N. Rao, senior counsel appearing for the Bank, submitted that though in the
year 1996 Mr. Unhelkar was the appellant's Reporting Officer for less than six
months, by the time the appraisal rating for the year 1997 was written the
appellant had already worked under him for more than six months. The
Performance Appraisal Rating of the appellant given for the year 1996-97 was
thus beyond any objection. He further submitted that even 10 if the
Performance Appraisal Rating for the year 1995-96 is excluded for both the
candidates the position would still remain the same as the appellant would have
only a `Good' remark as against the `Very Good' remark for respondent No.5 for
the year 1996-97.
a careful consideration of the rival contentions we find no substance or merit
in the appellant's objections regarding his Performance Appraisal Ratings for
the three years in question.
Srivastava then submitted that in the preceding years the appellant had `Excellent'
ratings and in the year 1995 he had `Very Good'.
The rating `Good' for
the year 1996-97 was thus a climb down and it was incumbent upon the
authorities to intimate the appellant about his ratings for the two years in
question. Since no intimation was given to the appellant the ratings for those
two years should not have been taken into account and instead the ratings for
the earlier years should have been considered for the purpose of promotion.
are unable to accept the submission. In Satya Narain Shukla vs. Union of India
& Ors., 2006 (9) SCC 69 (81) it was held and observed as follows :
also argued that the remarks made in the ACR were not communicated to him. It
was also urged by the appellant that this Court should direct the authorities
to streamline the whole procedure so that even remarks like "good" or
"very good" made in ACRs 11 should be made compulsorily communicable
to the officers concerned so that an officer may not lose his chance of
empanelment at a subsequent point of his service. In our view, it is not our
function to issue such directions. It is for the Government to consider how to
streamline the procedure for selection. We can only examine if the procedure
for selection as adopted by the Government in unconstitutional or otherwise
illegal or vitiated by arbitrariness and mala fides."
hearing counsel for the parties and on a careful consideration of the materials
placed on record we find no merit in the appeal and it is accordingly
dismissed. In the facts and circumstances of the case there shall be no order
as to costs.
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