M/S.Malwa Strips Pvt.
Ltd. Vs. M/S.Jyoti Ltd.  Insc 2220 (18 December 2008)
IN THE SUPREME COURT
OF INDIA CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION CIVIL APPEAL NO. 7410-7411 OF 2008
(Arising out of SLP (C) No. 18095-18096 of 2008) M/S. MALWA STRIPS PVT. LTD.
S.B. Sinha, J.
is a company incorporated and registered under the Companies Act, 1956 (for
short, "the said Act"). It is engaged in manufacturing of copper
strips and copper foils etc. It has its registered office at 17-20, Industrial
Area No.2, AB Road, Dewas, Madhya Pradesh.
Respondent is also a
company registered and incorporated under the said Act. It has its registered
office at Nanubhai Amin Marg, Industrial Area, 2 Vadodara. Respondent used to
place orders for supply of copper rods strips and foils from time to time with
the appellant. Allegedly, the payments used to be made towards the said supply
from time to time. Appellant, inter alia, on the premise that a sum of Rs.
49,03,908.29 was owed to it by the respondent filed a Summary Suit under Order
XXXVII of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (for short, "the Code").
An application for leave to defend the suit was filed by the respondent.
Appellant contended that as the respondent raised a defence only as regards the
rate of interest and not the principal amount, its application should be
dismissed. By an order dated 23.08.2007, the application for leave to defend
the suit was allowed, subject to the condition that the respondent shall make payment
of undisputed and admitted amount of Rs.22,64,789.52. Such deposit was to be
made by 22.9.2007. Respondent obtained extension of time to deposit the amount.
However, as the said
amount was not deposited, the trial court passed a judgment on or about
14.11.2007 decreeing the suit in favour of the appellant. Respondent preferred
an appeal thereagainst. An application for stay of the said judgment and decree
passed by the trial Court was also filed.
By reason of the
impugned judgment, the High Court stayed the operation and execution of the
decree in its entirety. While doing so, the High Court opined:
" We are
conscious of the fact that usually money decrees are not stayed in appeal. At
the same time, it is not a universal principle of law that the stay can never
be granted in cases relating to money decree. The Court has discretion to grant
a stay keeping in view all facts and circumstances of the case, including the
manner in which the trial of the suit was conducted and the impugned decree was
We are prima facie of
the view that a case for stay of execution of the decree is made out by the
appellant on the facts on record. We do not, however, wish to express any
opinion on the merits and demerits of the case at this stage, which, in our opinion,
will be gone into at the time of hearing of the appeal. For the purpose of
grant of stay, we are of the view that a ground for stay, as contemplated under
O.41 R.5 CPC is made out.
We are, therefore,
inclined to stay execution of the decree pending appeal."
Appellant is, thus,
Shiv Sagar Tiwari, learned counsel appearing on behalf of the appellant would
submit that the High Court committed a serious error of law in passing the
impugned judgment insofar as it failed to take into consideration that the
defendant - respondent had raised no substantive and bona fide defence and that
in view of the matter it was not a case where the execution of the decree
should have been stayed.
Kamini Jaiswal, learned counsel appearing on behalf of the respondent, on the
other hand, would urge that compound interest was not payable and in any event
a suit under Order XXXVII of the Code being not maintainable, the manner in
which the judgment and decree passed by the learned trial judge being wholly
unsustainable, the High Court could not be said to have committed any error of
law in passing the impugned judgment.
decree passed by the learned trial judge is a money decree. A conditional leave
to defend was granted. The said condition has not been fulfilled. Leave to
defend, therefore, would be deemed to have been refused. Correctness of the
said order had not been questioned.
The Parliament, by
reason of Section 87 of Act 104 of 1976 inserted sub-rule (3) in Rule 1 of
Order XLI of the Code, which is to be in the following effect:
"(3) Where the
appeal is against a decree for payment of money, the appellant shall, within
such time as the Appellate Court may allow, deposit, the amount disputed in the
appeal or furnish such security in respect thereof as the Court may think
explanation was also added to sub-rule (1) of Rule 5 of Order XLI. In terms of
sub-rule (1) of Rule 5 of Order XLI, an appeal shall not 5 operate as a stay
of proceedings. It is for the Appellate Court who may, for sufficient cause,
order stay of execution of such decree. The explanation appended to the said
sub-rule reads as under:
An order by the Appellate Court for the stay of execution of the decree shall
be effective from the date of the communication of such order to the Court of
first instance, but an affidavit sworn by the appellant, based on his personal
knowledge, stating that an order for the stay of execution of the decree has
been made by the Appellate Court shall, pending the receipt from the Appellate
Court of the order for the stay of execution or any order to the contrary, be
acted upon by the Court of first instance."
terms of sub-rule (5) of Rule 5 of Order XLI, the court shall not make an order
staying the execution of the decree notwithstanding anything contained in the
foregoing sub-rules, where the appellant fails to make the deposit or furnish
the security specified in sub-rule (3) of rule 1.
will proceed on the assumption that although the word `shall' has been used in
Order XLI Rule 1 (3) of the Code, the same is not mandatory in character, and,
thus, may be read as directory.
Rajasthan State Electricity Board and Anr. vs. Ram Deo & ors. [AIR 1999
Rajasthan 264], after noticing some of the aforementioned 6 decisions as also
the legislative history of the said provision, a learned Single Judge of the
Rajasthan High Court held as under:
"19. After close
scrutiny of the aforesaid observations, I am of the opinion that in view of the
provisions of Sub-Rule (5) of Rule 5 of Order 41 CPC it cannot be held that
appeal against the ' decree for payment of money is not maintainable, if filed
without making compliance of the provisions contained in Sub-Rule (3) of Rule 1
of Order 41 CPC and it is the duty of the Registry to see that on application
under Order 41 Rule 5 CPC seeking stay of money decree the appellant has to
incorporate a note in regard to his readiness and willingness to comply with
the directions under Sub-Rule (3) of Rule 1 of Order 41 CPC. If the appeal is
preferred against the decree for payment of money without any stay application
under Order 41 Rule 5 CPC then in that event, it is the duty of the appellant
to incorporate a note in the memo of appeal in respect of his readiness and
willingness to comply with the directions issued by the Court under Sub-Rule
(3) of Rule I of Order 41 CPC."
may, however, notice that although the provisions of sub-rule (3) of Rule 1 of
Order XLI have been held not to be mandatory, this Court in Kayamuddin
Shamsuddin Khan vs. State Bank of India [(1998) 8 SCC 676] opined that
non-compliance of a direction to deposit the decreetal amount or part of it or
furnish security therefor would result in the dismissal of the stay application
but not the entire appeal, stating:
"8. This would
mean that non-compliance with the direction given regarding deposit under
Sub-rule (3) of Rule 1 of Order XLI would result in the Court refusing to stay
the execution of the decree.
In other words, the
application for stay of the execution of the decree could be dismissed for such
non-compliance but the Court could not give a direction for the dismissal of
the appeal itself for such non-compliance."
the same effect is the decision of this Court in Sihor Nagar Palika Bureau vs.
Bhabhlubhai Virabhai & Co. [(2005) 4 SCC 1], wherein it was held:
"6. Order XLI
Rule 1(3) of the CPC provides that in an appeal against a decree for payment of
amount the appellant shall, within the time permitted by the Appellate Court,
deposit the amount disputed in the appeal or furnish such security in respect
thereof as the Court may think fit. Under Order XLI Rule 5(5) a deposit or security,
as abovesaid, is a condition precedent for an order by the Appellate Court
staying the execution of the decree. A bare reading of the two provisions
referred to hereinabove, shows a discretion having been conferred on the
Appellate Court to direct either deposit of the amount disputed in the appeal
or to permit such security in respect thereof being furnished as the Appellate
Court may think fit. Needless to say that the discretion is to be exercised
judicially and not arbitrarily depending on the facts and circumstances of a
given case. Ordinarily, execution of a money decree is not stayed 8 inasmuch
as satisfaction of money decree does not amount to irreparable injury and in
the event of the appeal being allowed, the remedy of restitution is always available
to the successful party. Still the power is there, of course, a discretionary
power and is meant to be exercised in appropriate cases."
To the same effect is
the decision of this Court in B.P. Agarwal & anr. vs. Dhanalakshmi Bank
Ltd. & ors. [(2008) 3 SCC 397] The High Court in this case failed to notice
the provisions of sub-rule (3) of Rule 1 of Order XLI.
The appellate court,
indisputably, has the discretion to direct deposit of such amount, as it may
think fit, although the decreetal amount has not been deposited in its entirety
by the judgment debtor at the time of filing of the appeal. But while granting
stay of the execution of the decree, it must take into consideration the facts
and circumstances of the case before it. It is not to act arbitrarily either
way. If a stay is granted, sufficient cause must be shown, which means that the
materials on record were required to be perused and reasons are to be assigned.
Such reasons should be cogent and adequate.
9 The High Court,
with respect, failed to notice that suit was one under Order XXXVII of the
Code. Whether it was maintainable or not may fall for consideration in the
appeal. Even assuming that the same was not maintainable, the question which
should have been posed by the High Court was as to whether sufficient cause had
been made out to reverse the decree passed in favour of the appellant. Even a
decree could have been passed having regard to the defence raised by the
respondent under Order XII Rule 6 of the Code. We, therefore, see no justification
at all as to why an order of stay of the nature was passed by the High Court.
if the said provision is not mandatory, the purpose for which such a provision
has been inserted should be taken into consideration. An exceptional case has to
be made out for stay of execution of a money decree.
intent should have been given effect to. The High Court has not said that any
exceptional case has been made out. It did not arrive at the conclusion that it
would cause undue hardship to the respondent if the ordinary rule to direct
payment of the decreetal amount or a part of it and/or directly through the
judgment debtor to secure the payment of the decreetal amount is granted. A
strong case should be made out for passing an order of stay of execution of the
decree in its entirety.
therefore, having regard to the facts and circumstances of this case direct the
respondent to deposit a sum of Rs.35 lakhs within a period of four weeks from
date. Respondent shall furnish adequate security for the rest of the decreetal
amount within the same period. Appellant shall be entitled to withdraw a sum of
Rs.30 lakhs out of the said deposited amount without furnishing any security
and the rest amount on furnishing security.
In the event the
respondent fails to comply with the order, the decree shall be executable at
appeals are allowed with the aforementioned directions. No costs.
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