@ Naran Vs. State of Rajasthan 
Insc 383 (10 April 2007)
S.H. Kapadia & B. Sudershan Reddy
CRIMINAL APPEAL NO. 526 OF 2007 (Arising out of SLP(crl.) No. 4179 of 2006)
This appeal by special leave is directed against the judgment of the
Rajasthan High Court confirming the conviction of the appellant under Section
376 IPC and the sentence of ten years rigorous imprisonment and a fine of Rs.
1,000/-, in default of payment of fine to further undergo three months rigorous
imprisonment and under section 392 IPC, ten years rigorous imprisonment and a
fine of Rs.
1,000/-, in default of payment of fine to undergo further three months
rigorous imprisonment. All the sentences were directed to run concurrently. The
appellant was charged with rape on Smt. Chandi (PW-3) wife of Shri Chhagan Lal.
He was also charged for the offence punishable under Section 392 IPC.
The prosecution story, briefly stated, is that on 25.8.1999 Smt. Chandi was
selling chillies at village Singhji- ka-Khera at around 07-07.30 p.m.. The appellant Narain came to her and told her that his brother had a shop in his
village and he will get her chillies sold at the shop of his brother. He
accordingly got two sacks of chillies loaded into the trolley attached to the
tractor which the appellant himself was driving. She also boarded into the
trolley. The appellant started driving the tractor into the jungle. By the time
it was dark. After driving sometime he stopped the tractor near a drain where
there were "Lambool" trees on the pretext of answering the call of
nature. The appellant entered into the trolley and dragged the sacks of
chillies and put them on the ground and made her to get down from the trolley.
He dragged her beneath the trolley of the tractor and committed rape. She
started shouting but the appellant pressed her mouth with his hands.
Thereafter, the appellant loaded the chillies bags into the tractor and made
her to sit in the trolley and started driving the tractor hither and thither. He
went on roaming here and there and stopped the tractor at Seriya (a place)
surrounded by cactus plants.
The appellant again made her to get down from the tractor and forcibly
committed rape. When she started to raise hue and cry her mouth was shut by the
appellant. Then again he loaded the chillies bags and made her to sit in the
trolley and took her to a shed and once again committed rape.
Finally he took her to the banks of a pond, made her to get down from the
trolley and threatened her to push into the pond and forcibly snatched gold
tops and Rs. 1,000/- and thereafter ran away from the scene of occurrence in
his tractor. Then the prosecutrix reached village Aakoria and took shelter for
night in the house of one Smt. Tej Kanwar (PW-6). It is alleged in the report
(Ex.P-4) that rape has been committed by the appellant on the prosecutrix
thrice and a sum of Rs. 1,000/- and gold tops have also been snatched away by
him forcibly. Based on the report (Ex.P- 4) the Police Station Kotadi, District
Bhilwara issued first information report (Ex. P-5) and registered a case under
Sections 366, 376 and 392 IPC against the appellant.
During the course of investigation, site was inspected and site-plan was
drawn, the prosecutrix was got medically examined and her medical examination
report (Ex.P-1) was obtained. The statement of Smt. Tej Kanwar (Ex. P-11) was
recorded. After completion of the investigation, the police filed charge sheet
against the appellant under Sections 376 and 392 IPC. The prosecution
altogether examined 12 witnesses (PW-1 to PW-12) and 18 documents were marked
(Ex. P-1 to P-18). The statement under Section 313 Cr.P.C. of the appellant was
recorded in which he stated that due to enmity with Ramkunwar, Sarpanch (PW-7)
he has been falsely implicated.
Dr. Ramesh Deedwanla (PW-1) has deposed that the appellant was well capable
to commit sexual intercourse.
Ramkunwar (PW-7) has deposed that about 3 years ago Smt. Chandi (PW-3) had
come to him and informed him about the rape committed by the appellant. He
deposed that at that time her Ghaghra was found torn. Ramesh Chandra (PW-9),
SHO deposed that he received a report (Ex. P-4) on 25.8.1999 and accordingly
issued first information report (Ex. P-5) and undertook the investigation. He
got both the appellant and prosecutrix medically examined, seized the Ghaghra,
having semen spots on it and sealed the same and sent it to Forensic Science
Laboratory. Forensic Science Laboratory report is Exhibit P-18.
In order to consider as to whether the prosecution established the case
against the appellant beyond reasonable doubt we are required to critically
scrutinize the evidence of prosecutrix (PW-3 ) and Smt. Tejkanwar (PW-6) with
whom PW-3 stayed on the fateful night and stated to have revealed the details
of rape committed on her by the appellant. The evidence of Ramkanwar (PW-7) who
is none other than the Sarpanch of the village who got exhibit P-4 (report)
prepared and submitted, based on which FIR (Ex. P- 5) was issued, is also
required to be carefully evaluated.
In exhibit P-4 (report) the prosecutrix (PW-3) alleged that while she was
selling chillies in the colony Bolon of Singhji-Ka-Khera village the accused
came driving the tractor at about 7 or 7.30 p.m. on 24.8.1999 and offered to
get her chillies sold in the shop of his brother in his village.
He got two sacks of chillies kept in the trolley "with the help of
persons already sitting in the trolley" It is alleged that the appellant
had stopped the tractor near a drain where there were "Lambool" trees
and forcibly committed rape on her. She started shouting but the appellant
covered her mouth. She again sat into the trolley. The tractor was stopped at
"Seriya" where the appellant again committed rape. She again tried to
shout but the appellant covered her mouth. He once again made her to sit in the
tractor and took her to a shed and once again committed rape. That after
committing rape thrice the appellant took the prosecutrix to the banks of a
pond where he forcefully snatched away Rs. 1000/-and gold tops from the
prosecutrix and ran away with his tractor.
We are required to note that the persons who were already sitting in the
trolley when the prosecutrix for the first time entered into the trolley along
with her two sacks of chillies are not examined. Smt. Tejkanwar (PW-6) in her
deposition stated that on the frightful night at about 10 or 11 O'clock the prosecutrix knocked at her door and she opened the door. The other members
of the family were sleeping in the house. The prosecutrix stated that she was
the resident of Vishniya and requested her to provide a bed- sheet so that she
could sleep in the night. The material portion of her evidence reads as:
"She said "give me the bed-sheet and I shall sleep." We gave
her the bed-sheet to sleep on and she slept. She did not tell me anything else.
I also did not ask her name. In the morning, she went from my house." This
witness was declared hostile and subjected to cross examination by the Public
Prosecutor. In the cross- examination she stated that her statement was
recorded by the police. Portion A to B of the police statement (Ex. P-11) in
which she is alleged to have stated that at the relevant time the prosecutrix
was weeping, is denied. It is categorically stated by her that she did not weep
Nothing is suggested as to why she should give false evidence. This witness
nowhere stated to the effect that the Prosecutrix (PW-3) revealed anything
about accused committing rape on her.
Ram Kumar (PW-7) was the Sarpanch at the relevant time of Akhepur village.
In his evidence he stated that the prosecutrix came to him at about 8 or 9 O'clock in the morning and told him that the appellant had committed rape on her. She
took him to the Police Station, Kotari. She told him that the appellant had
committed rape on her three times. He accordingly got the report (Ex. P-4)
filed on which he also signed.
The prosecutrix (PW-3) in her evidence for the first time in the court
stated that the accused asked her to come to his village and to leave in the
morning and by saying so he dropped her on the way and also pulled the chillies
sacks from the trolley. It would be useful to re- produce her evidence for the
purposes of appreciation as to whether her statement at all could be accepted.
"The accused asked me to come to his vaillage and to leave in the
Then he dropped me at the Kankar (rough way) and dropped my sacks too.
The accused did not say anything about getting the chillies sold. The
accused had said that his brother would purchase both the sacks of chillies and
asked me to come with him to his village. Then the accused committed rape on me
twice at Kankar (rough way). Then he said that he would throw me in the pond.
On this I said that I could come out of the pond by swimming. The accused at
the time of making me to get down asked me to come down as he was not my
servant and he threw both the sacks on the ground. The accused committed the
rape, then he had covered my mouth and warned me that he would cut my ear.
Then the accused ran away with tractor.
After that I went to the village. It was 8 O'clock at night, dogs were
barking in the village, when I met with the daughter-in- law of
"Darogas". I told her that Narayan had committed rape on me. Then she
said that Naran was such type of person.
The accused had snatched rupees one thousand from me. Accused had also taken
the jewellery from me. Thereafter I went t5o Akodiya. Then I slept at the place
of "Darogas" with their ladies in the same village. Later on I went
to Sarpanch, I do not remember his name.
After that Sarpanch took me to the Kotadi. Then both of us had lodged the
report at the Police Station. Naran was wearing white shirt and white
"Dhoti". I was examined by the doctor. Exhibit P-1 is the Medical
Report on which my signature is from A to B. Exhibit P-4 is the Police Report
on which my signature is from A to B. My signature is from A to B on the chik
F.I.R., Exhibit P-5. The Police had drawn the map of the place of occurrence,
my signature was taken on the same. My signature is from A to B on the map of
the place of occurrence, Exhibit P-6. My signature is from A to B on the
Medical Slip, Exhibit P-7. The Police took the "Ghagra" into their
custody and Exhibit P-8 is the Memo of recovery of "Ghagra" on which
my signature is from A to B. The "Ghagra"
was completely spoiled."
In the cross-examination the prosecutrix (PW-3) stated that she boarded in
the trolley at about 5 O'clock in the evening and even by 7 O'clock they
reached Singhpur village. There were number of villages between Singhpur and
Akodiya. It is also required to appreciate that she stated in her evidence that
even after the accused committed rape on her she sat in the tractor happily. It
is not stated by her in her evidence that she raised any hue and cry even while
passing through the number of villages. In the first information report (Ex.
P-5) she stated that the accused committed rape on her thrice but in the
evidence she stated that the accused committed rape on her only twice and not
thrice. According to her the rape was committed on her on Kankar (rough way).
She did not state that she offered any resistance though she was physically
very strong. Medical report (Ex. P-1) says that there were no injuries on the
body of the Prosecutrix (PW-3). There were no injuries on her private part. It
is ultimately opined that "no definite opinion can be given regarding
rape, however, she is habitual to sexual intercourse." In the
circumstances, is it possible to believe that the prosecutrix (PW-3) has been
subjected to rape twice by the accused as alleged? In the First Information
Report (Ex. P-5) it is stated that the prosecutrix (PW-3) has been subjected to
rape by the accused thrice but in her evidence she stated that she had been
subjected to rape only twice. The accused even according to the prosecutrix
(PW-3) was driving the tractor from Singhpur to Bharkiya crossing through the
number of villages. It is not stated by the Prosecutrix (PW-3) that she made
any attempt to get down from the tractor at any point of time. On the other
hand, it is stated by her that she sat in the tractor happily.
Yet another important aspect of the matter : In the first information report
and as well as in her evidence the prosecutrix (PW-3) stated that she revealed
the entire episode of committing rape on her by the accused to Smt. Tejkanwar
(PW-6) in whose house in the Aakodiya village she slept on the fateful night.
She also stated about the accused's snatching of Rs. 1,000/- from her and also
some jewellery. Smt.
Tejkanwar (PW-6) in her evidence did not state that the prosecutrix (PW-3)
narrated the incident of rape committed on her by the accused to her. The
evidence of the prosecutrix (PW-3) is full of material contradictions. There is
no corroboration of whatsoever from any of the witnesses more particularly in
the evidence of Smt. Tejkanwar (PW-6) who is a material witness. It is true the
evidence of the prosecutrix (PW-3) itself, if acceptable, is sufficient to
establish the charge against the accused but her evidence is so artificial
which cannot be accepted.
In the circumstances, we are of the considered opinion that the prosecution
miserably failed to establish the charge against the appellant for the offence
punishable under Section 376 IPC.
That so far as the charge against the appellant framed under Section 392 is
concerned there is no acceptable evidence except the self-serving statement of
the Prosecutrix (PW-3) which we are not willing to accept for the very same
reason recorded herein above.
The said charge framed against the appellant also fails.
For all the aforesaid reasons, we hold that the prosecution failed to
establish the charges framed against the appellant for the offences punishable
under Sections 376 and 392 IPC. The conviction as well as sentences imposed
upon the appellant for the offences punishable under Sections 376 and 392 IPC
are accordingly set aside.
The appeal is allowed.
The appellant is in jail. He is ordered to be released forthwith unless
required in any other case.
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