Login : Advocate | Client
Home Post Your Case My Account Law College Law Library

Supreme Court Judgments

Latest Supreme Court of India Judgments 2022


RSS Feed img

Chilakamarthi Mohana Rao Vs. Patibanda Soma Sundara Rao [2006] Insc 962 (14 December 2006)

G. P. Mathur & Lokeshwar Singh Panta

O R D E R [Arising out of S. L. P. (C) No.2280 of 2006]

Special leave granted.

As the only point on which the notice was issued related to the desirability of disposing of the Second Appeal in terms of Section 100 of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 [in short `the Code'] without formulating the substantial question of law by the High Court of Judicature, Andhra Pradesh at Hyderabad, it is not necessary to deal with the factual aspects in detail.

The respondent-Patibanda Soma Sundara Rao filed a suit for cancellation of the sale deed dated 21.12.1981, executed by his father in favour of the appellant-Chilakamarthi Mohana Rao and another sale deed dated 21.12.1981 in favour of the minor son of the appellant and for consequential possession of the properties involved in the said two sale deeds. During the pendency of the suit, the parties had agreed to refer the matter to an Arbitrator. The Arbitrator made an Award (Ex. A2) and submitted the same before the trial court. The appellant took an objection that the Award of the Arbitrator is fraudulent and he had never agreed to the terms and conditions incorporated in the Award. The trial court, while recording the compromise in terms of the said Award, decreed the suit declaring the sale deed executed in favour of the appellant as sham transaction and accordingly cancelled the same. Aggrieved by the impugned judgment of the trial court, the appellant-defendant No.1 filed First Appeal before the 1st Additional Senior Civil Judge, Vijaywada. The First Appellate Court, while appreciating the entire evidence, allowed the appeal and set aside the decree and judgment of the trial court. The respondent preferred the Second Appeal No. 650 of 2003 against the judgment of the First Appellate Court. By the impugned judgment, the High Court allowed the appeal, set aside the judgments of both the courts below and remanded the suit to the trial court for fresh disposal within a period of one year from the date of receipt of a copy of the judgment.

Hence, this appeal by special leave.

Though various points were urged by learned counsel for the appellant, it is not necessary to go into those aspects in view of the limited notice issued in the present appeal.

Mr. B. Sridhar, learned counsel for the appellant, submitted that the High Court was not justified in disposing of the Second Appeal without formulating the substantial question or questions of law as mandated by Section 100 of the Code.

Mr. K. Shivraj Choudhuri, learned counsel for the respondent, submitted that though the High Court has not formulated the questions of law, as required, yet on analyzing the evidence, it concluded that the view expressed by the courts below were not tenable in law.

Section 100 of the Code deals with `Second Appeal'. A perusal of the impugned judgment passed by the High Court does not show that any substantial question of law has been formulated or that the Second Appeal was heard on a question of law, if any, so formulated. That being so, the judgment cannot be sustained.

In Ishwar Dass Jain v. Sohan Lal [(2000) 1 SCC 434], this Court in para 10 has stated thus: (SCC p.441) "10. Now under Section 100 CPC, after the 1976 Amendment, it is essential for the High Court to formulate a substantial question of law and it is not permissible to reverse the judgment of the first appellate court without doing so." Yet again in Roop Singh v. Ram Singh [(2000) 3 SCC 708], this Court has expressed that the jurisdiction of a High Court is confined to appeals involving substantial question of law. Para 7 of the said judgment reads: (SCC p.713) "7. It is to be reiterated that under Section 100 CPC jurisdiction of the High Court to entertain a second appeal is confined only to such appeals which involve a substantial question of law and it does not confer any jurisdiction on the High Court to interfere with pure questions of fact while exercising its jurisdiction under Section 100 CPC. That apart, at the time of disposing of the matter the High Court did not even notice the question of law formulated by it at the time of admission of the second appeal as there is no reference of it in the impugned Judgment. Further, the fact-finding courts after appreciating the evidence held that the defendant entered into the possession of the premises as a batai, that is to say, as a tenant and his possession was permissive and there was no pleading or proof as to when it became adverse and hostile. These findings recorded by the two courts were based on proper appreciation of evidence and the material on record and there was no perversity, illegality or irregularity in those findings. If the defendant got the possession of suit land as a lessee or under a batai agreement then from the permissive possession it is for him to establish by cogent and convincing evidence to show hostile animus and possession adverse to the knowledge of the real owner. Mere possession for a long time does not result in converting permissive possession into adverse possession (Thakur Kishan Singh v. Arvind Kumar (1994) 6 SCC 591). Hence the High Court ought not to have interfered with the findings of fact recorded by both the courts below." The position has been reiterated in Kanhaiyalal v. Anupkumar [(2003) 1 SCC 430], Chadat Singh v. Bahadur Ram & Ors. [(2004) 6 SCC 359]; Sasikumar & Ors. v. Kunnath Chellappan Nair & Ors. [(2005) 12 SCC 588].

Under the circumstances, the impugned judgment dated 02.11.2005 passed by the High Court of Judicature, Andhra Pradesh at Hyderabad, is set aside. We remit the matter to the High Court for disposal of Second Appeal No.650 of 2003 in accordance with law. The appeal is disposed of on the above-said terms with no order as to costs.

Since the matter is pending for long, we request the High Court to dispose of the appeal as early as possible.



Client Area | Advocate Area | Blogs | About Us | User Agreement | Privacy Policy | Advertise | Media Coverage | Contact Us | Site Map
powered and driven by neosys