Kumar Vs. The State Govt of NCT of Delhi  Insc 485 (26
G. Balakrishnan & B.N. Srikrishna. K.G. Balakrishnan
challenge their conviction and sentence for the offences punishable under
Sections 148 and 307 of Indian Penal Code. Appellant Karan Singh was convicted
for the offences punishable under Section 148 and 307 IPC without the aid of
Section 149 whereas the other appellants were convicted for the offences
punishable under Section 148 and Section 307 read with Section 149. The
prosecution case was that these appellants were on inimical terms with PW-1 Hari
Singh, and that on 29.11.1981 at about 10 A.M., when Hari Singh was returning from his well to his house, the
appellants attacked him and caused injuries. Appellant Karan Singh was armed
with a 'Pharsa' whereas the other appellants were armed with 'Lathis'. PW-1 Hari
Singh suffered serious injuries and his left hand was cut off from the body
just above the wrist joint. He suffered three other incised injuries and three
lacerated wounds. Altogether, Hari Singh had 12 injuries on his body when he
was examined by PW-12 and PW-13.
3 and 4 were examined as eye witnesses. Though PW-2 and PW-3 fully supported
the prosecution version, PW-4 did not support the prosecution case. The
Sessions Judge found that the prosecution had succeeded in proving the case
against the appellants and his findings were affirmed by the High Court.
Karan Singh and Banab Singh on being questioned under Section 313 Code of the
Criminal Procedure, stated that they were attacked by PW-2 and PW-3 and
contended that whatever they had done was done by way of self- defence. The
other appellants stated that they were falsely implicated in the case. The sessions
court as well as the High Court found that the plea of alibi raised by these
appellants was not true and held that there was no attack initiated from the
side of PW-1 to PW-3.
Kumar, the learned senior counsel appearing on behalf of the appellants
contended that the place of incident is very near to the house of the
appellants and PW-1 to PW-3 had come to the place of incident fully armed and
attacked Karan Singh and Banab Singh and that the other appellants were falsely
implicated in the case. In order to substantiate this contention, the counsel
drew our attention to Exh. D-4, which is the statement of PW-1 Hari Singh,
recorded by the Dr. Jain, who had first examined him. The Exh. D-4 is to the
following effect :
this incident happened: I had gone to the Well. Was coming back. On the way by
catching me Girdhari Singh and his sons, by dragging me took to the room. There
beat me with Farsi, Luhogi, brought me outside by dragging." It is true
that PW-12 while giving evidence admitted that he had recorded the aforesaid Exh.
D-4 statement of PW-1.
on the above statement, the learned counsel for the appellants submitted that
the incident happened inside the house of the appellants when PW-1 and others
came there to attack the appellants. The counsel for the appellants also
contended that in Exh. D-4 statement, injured had stated only about Girdhari
Singh and his sons and did not name all the appellants and this indicated that
the two sons of Girdhari Singh were being falsely implicated.
similar plea was raised by the appellants before the sessions court as well as
the High Court. The High Court brushed aside that plea by stating that Exh. D-4
statement was not put to PW-1 when he was examined as a witness.
observation by the Division Bench regarding Exh. D-4 is partially correct. In
fact, when PW-1 was cross-examined, his attention was drawn to Exh. D-4, but it
is incorrect to say that the said witness was confronted with Exh. D-4
statement as such during cross-examination. PW-1, when asked whether he had
given any statement to the doctor in the hospital, said he did not remember to
have given any statement.
previous statement is to be proved as an admission, the statement as such
should be put to the witness and if the witness denies having given such a
statement, it does not amount to any admission and if it is proved that he had
given such a statement, the attention of the witness must be drawn to that
statement. Section 145 of the Evidence Act is clear on this aspect. The object
is to give the witness a chance of explaining the discrepancy or inconsistency
and to clear up the particular point of ambiguity or dispute. In the instant
case, the Exh. D-4 statement as such was not put to the witness nor the witness
was given an opportunity to explain it. Therefore, D-4 statement, even if it is
assumed to be a statement of PW-1 Hari Singh, that is of no assistance to the
appellants to prove their case of private defence.
contention of the appellants that PW-1 and others came and attacked the appellants
Karan Singh and Banab Singh is not supported by any evidence or circumstance.
These two appellants put forward the plea of self-defence based on the fact
that they had sustained some injuries. It is pertinent to note the injuries
sustained by these two appellants. Karan Singh had a minor lacerated injury on
the left ring finger, a minor injury on the right palm and another minor injury
on the right little finger. All these injuries were on the palm and the fingers
of right hand. Appellant Banab Singh had also a small lacerated injury on the
right index finger. According to the prosecution, these appellants were
wielding 'Farsa' and 'Lathies'. The injuries of these two appellants would only
probabilise the prosecution case that they had used the weapons of offence with
full force. Had there been an assault on these appellants by a group of persons
as alleged by them, they would certainly have sustained some serious injuries.
Minor injuries sustained by these appellants do not advance the case that PW1 to
PW3 attacked them, and in all probability, they must have sustained these
injuries when they used the weapons of offence in assaulting Hari Singh.
appellants' counsel urged before us that the incident happened very near to the
house of the appellants. The learned counsel stated that PWs 1, 2 and 3 must
have come there to attack the appellants and that the well spoken of by PW-1 in
his evidence was the well close to the house of the appellants. This contention
is not correct. The houses of the appellants and PW-1 are in the same locality
and it appears that even the properties of these two groups were lying
contiguously. The evidence of PW-1 clearly shows that the well referred to by
him in his evidence was close to his own house. He deposed that he was attacked
when he was going from the well to his house. He also stated that the house of
the accused was about one and half furlong away from that place.
this fact also, it is not possible to assume that PW-1 and others came to the
appellant's house and attacked them and the appellants had only acted in
proved satisfactorily that the appellants had caused grievous injuries to PW-1 Hari
Singh and the sessions court as well as the High Court rightly found the
appellants guilty of the offences punishable under Section 148 and 307.
the grievous nature of the injuries sustained by Hari Singh, we do not see any
reason to take a lenient view in the matter of sentence awarded to the
appellants. The appeal, therefore, fails and is dismissed.
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