Steels (P) Ltd. Vs. Collector of Central Excise  Insc 393 (17 September 2002)
Shah Mohammed Quadri & S. N. Variava. Variava, J.
appeal is against the Order dated 26th May, 1993 passed by the Customs Excise and
Gold (Control) Appellate Tribunal.
stated the facts are as follows:
Appellants are manufacturers of ingots. Ingots are manufactured out of, among
others, ends of M.S. Flats. The Appellants claimed exemption under Notification
No. 208/83 dated 1st
August, 1983. The
relevant portion of the said Notification reads as follows:
In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-rule (1) of Rule 8 of the Central
Excise Rules, 1944, the Central Government hereby exempts goods of the
description specified in column (3) of the Table hereto annexed (such goods
being hereinafter referred to as "final products") and falling under
Item No.2 of the First Schedule to the Central Excise and Salt Act, 1944 (of
1944) from the whole of the duty of excise leviable thereon under Section 3 of
the said Act.
that such final products are made from any goods of the description specified
in the corresponding entry in column (2) of the said Table (such goods being
hereinafter referred to as "inputs" and falling under the said item on
which the duty of excise leviable under the Customs Tariff Act, 1975(5) of
1975), as the case may be, has already been paid.
further that no credit of the duty paid on the inputs has been taken under rule
56 A of the said rules.
For the purposes of this notification, all stocks of inputs in the country,
except such stocks as are clearly recognisable as being non-duty paid, shall be
deemed to be inputs on which duty has already been paid.
of inputs Description of final products
Goods falling under Goods falling under sub-item sub-item (1)(I)(ii)
(1)(3)(I)(4)(I)(6)(I) and 4(I), 6(I) and 16(I) (16)(I) of the said item of the
said item. Iron sleepers and tubes and pipes and blanks tgherefor or iron.
falling under Goods falling under sub-items sub-items 6(ii) and (iii) (4)(ii),
(6)(ii) and (iii), (7)(ii), (7)(ii), (8), (9)(ii) and (8), (9) (ii), (10),
(11), (14) and (II) of the said item. (16)(ii) of the said item. Flats
exceeding 5 mm in thickness, and hot-rolled strips, other than galvanised
strips, exceeding 5mm in thickness."
Appellants claimed that the inputs used by them viz. "ends of M.S. Flats"
fell under Sub-Item 8 and their final product fell under Sub-Item 6(II). On 1st
August, 1985, the Superintendent, Central Excise served a Show Cause Notice
calling upon the Appellants to show cause why the exemption availed of, from
17.2.1985 to 31.3.1985, be not withdrawn. The Appellants filed their reply
dated 29th August, 1985. The Appellants claimed that the
inputs namely pieces of steel roughly shaped by action of rolling or forging
fell under Sub-Item 8. By an Order dated 18th December, 1985, it was held that the Appellants
were not entitled to exemption under the above mentioned Notification. The
appeal filed by the Appellants before the Collector (Appeals) was allowed on 29th April, 1986.
Collector then filed an appeal under Section 35-B before the Customs Excise
& Gold (Control) Appellate Tribunal. By the impugned order that Appeal has been
allowed. It has been held that the inputs used by the Appellants cannot fall
under Sub-Item 8 as that item only deals with products which are given a rough
shape by the process of rolling and forging and which are then given their
final shape by further processing. It has been held that the "ends of
Flats" remain "Flats" even after cutting and/or they would be
"waste and scrap" falling under Sub-Item 3.
been held that as the Notification does not cover either "waste and
scrap" or "Flats", the Appellants would not be entitled to
exemption under this Notification.
A.K. Jain has, in assailing the judgment, submitted that the Tribunal is
entirely wrong in coming to the conclusion that the "ends of Flats"
are "Flats". He submits that explanation No. XXI describes a
"Flat" as follows:
"flats" means finished products, generally of rectangular
cross-section, having rolled edges only (square or slightly rounded), of
controlled contour and of thickness 3 millimetres and over, width 400 millimetres
and below had supplied in straight lengths and includes flat bars with bulb
that has swelling on one or two faces of the same edge and a width of less than
400 millimetres." He also points out that under explanation (ix), the term
"waste and scrap" has been described as follows:
'waste and scrap' means waste and scrap of iron or steel fit only for the
recovery of metal or for use in the manufacture of chemicals, but does not
include slag, ash and other residues." He submits that "Flat"
necessarily has to be a finished product. He submits that ends of flat are
never finished. He submits that ends of Flats cannot be considered as Flats. He
further submits that an item would be waste or scrap if it could be only used
for recovery of metal or used in the manufacture of chemicals. He admits that
the ends of Flats are used by the Appellants for recovery of metal. He however
submits that ends of Flats are being used by others for making various items
like knives, forks etc. He submits that thus the ends of Flats could not be
"waste and scrap".
unable to accept the submission of Mr. Jain. To claim exemption under the
Notification No. 208/83 the Appellants have to show under what Sub- Item the
inputs used by them fall. The Appellants have claimed benefit of the
Notification on the ground that input falls under Sub-Item 8. In our view the
ends of flats cannot be pieces which are roughly shaped by rolling or forging.
8 deals with pieces of iron and steel which are given a rough shape by the
process of rolling or forging. Sub-Item 8 would not cover pieces of bars, rods,
flats etc. which are cut off from the main item.
also points out that the manufacturer of Flats would sell off the ends of Flats
as waste and scrap. He points out that the Appellants have purchased the ends
of flats from scrap dealers. That the Appellants have purchased from scrap
dealers is not denied. In our view this also indicates that ends of Flats do
not fall under Sub-Item 8. As the inputs do not fall under Sub- Item 8, the
Appellant would not be entitled to exemption under the Notification.
with the situation Mr. Jain submitted that even if cuts of flats do not fall
under the Sub-Item 8, they would fall under Sub-Item 11. He admits that this
Sub-Item is also included in the Notification as an input. Such a case is being
made out for the first time in arguments before this Court. The Appellants have
not claimed exemption under the Notification on this basis. We, therefore, do
not permit Mr. Jain to raise such a contention.
no infirmity in the impugned judgment. We see no reason to interfere. The
Appeal stands dismissed. There shall be no order as to costs.