Hiralal Vohra Vs. Union of India & Anr  INSC 467
(8 September 1998)
A.P. Misra. K. Venkataswami, J.
legal representatives of the deceased appellant are prosecuting this appeal. In
this judgment, wherever the word 'appellant' is used, it will mean the deceased
appellant was aggrieved by the Order dated 1.3.82 which denied the benefit of
Railway Board's Letter No. (ES)-61-CC-176 dated 9.8.6 under which he was to be
granted four advance increments from 1.5.61. The appellant joined the then B.B.
& C.I Railway Company as a Clerk in the grade of Rs. 55-130. After the
taking over of the said Railway Company by the Central Government of January 1, 1942, the appellant was confirmed as a
Clerk by the General Manager, Western Railway, on 12.3.43. After crossing the
efficiency bar test in 1955, he was promoted and confirmed as a Senior Clerk in
the Grade of Rs. 80-220.
he was confirmed as Cleark Grade-I w.e.f. 1.4.56 in the payscale of Rs. 130-300.
Some time in August, 1958, he was transferred from the Mechanical Department to
the Accounts Department in the interest of Railway Administration.
Railway Board's Letter dated 9.8.61, on the basis of which the appellant
claimed four advance increments from 1.5.61, reads as follows (relevant portion
only is extracted):-
In the case of Clerks Grade-II promotion as Clerks Grade-I on or after 1.5.61
by virtue of either passing App. II-A examination or having been permanently
exempted from passing App. II-A examination their pay should be fixed at the
stage that would be arrived at by grant of four advance increments for grade of
Clerks Grade-I after normal fixation, subject to a minimum of Rs.150/-. A
statement showing the fixation of pay of Clerks Grade-II on promotion as Clerks
Grade-I with reference to their pay as Clerks Grade-II at the time of promotion
is attached herewith for guidance.
the case of Clerks Grade-I promoted before 1.5.61, the pay of all such staff
whether working in a permanent or officiating capacity, should be refixed on
1.5.61 as (1) above, with reference to the pay to which they should be entitled
as Clerk Grade-II, but for their promotion as Clerks Grade-I and they should be
allowed either the pay so refixed on 1.5.61 or their existing pay, whichever is
more beneficial to them." According to the appellant, he was entitled to
get the benefit of the said four increments in the light of Clauses (1) and
(2), extracted above, as he was promoted before 1.5.61, namely, on 1.4.56. In
spite of representations, the relief was denied by an Order dated 1.3.82.
Hence, he moved the Gujarat High Court, which transferred the matter to the
Central Administrative Tribunal and the Tribunal in the order under appeal has
dismissed the claim of the appellant for four advance increments w.e.f. 1.5.61.
Aggrieved by that, the present appeal has been preferred by special leave.
counsel appearing for the appellant invited out attention to a number of
documents to show that the appellant was entitled to the benefit of Railway
Board's Letter dated 9.8.61. One such document was paragraph 644 of the Indian
Railway Establishment Manual. It is the further case of the learned counsel for
the appellant that the Tribunal, by mentioning only Clause (a) of Paragraph
644, rejected the claim of the appellant without referring to Clause (b) of the
same paragraph, which is relevant for his claim. He also invited our attention
to the seniority list of the category of 'CGIS', which, according to the learned
counsel for the appellant, exempted the appellant from appearing in the
Appendix-IIA examination. He also referred to two other documents dated 22.7.59
and 23.11.60 to further support his contention that the appellant was exempted
from appearing in the Appendix IIA examination. In the light of the documents
brought to the notice of this Court, learned counsel for the appellant
submitted that the order of the Tribunal has to be set aside and the relief
prayed for has to be granted.
counsel appearing for the respondent railways submitted that the document
relied on by the learned counsel for the appellant will not help the appellant
to get the increments, but will help him only to get promotion.
discussing the matter further, we would like to point out that having regard to
the fact that the appellant retired and died pending appeal, we had directed
the learned counsel appearing for the respondent to find out from the Railway
whether they can settle the matter out of Court. Learned counsel for the
respondent, after taking several adjournments, informed us that the respondents
were not willing to settle the matter out of Court.
learned counsel for the appellant was right when he contended that the Tribunal
went wrong in deciding the issue against the appellant by noticing only Clause
(a) of Paragraph 644 of the Manual without referring to Clause (b) of the same
relevant documents read as follows:- 1) The relevant portion of Paragraph 644
(a) and (b) of the Manual is given below:- "644. Clerks Grade II on
promotion to post of Clerks Grade I in the Accounts Department:
Clerks Grade II promoted as Clerks Grade I on or after 1.5.61 by virtue of
either passing Appendix II-A Examination or having been permanently exempted
from passing that examination, will have the pay fixed at stage that would be
arrived at by grant of four advance increments, in the grade of Clerks Grade I
after normal fixation, subject to a minimum of Rs.150/- as indicated below.
the case of Clerks Grade I promoted before 1.5.61, the pay of all such staff,
whether working in a permanent or officiating capacity, should be refixed on
1.5.61 as (a) above, with reference to the pay to which they would be entitled
as Clerks Grade II, but for their promotion as Clerks Grade I and they should
be allowed either the pay so refixed on 1.5.61 or their existing pay, whichever
is more beneficial to them:
Seniority List of Category of CGIS is given below:- Ref: FA & CAO(Adm) CCG's
No.ADM IV/A2083/E-1030/10/0/Vol-III dated 24.11.69.
Copy of Item No. 359 of Minutes of the Meeting with G.M. Held on 21st and 22nd
July, 1959, is given below:- "359. Graded staff transferred from Mech. Deptt.
to Accounts Deptt. G.P.O. explained that according to the accounts memorandum of
18.9.1958 issued with the approval of GMS. The staff who were willing to go on
transfer to the Accounts Deptt. were taken over permanently by the Accounts
treating their transfer as in the interest of service thereby causing no loss
in the seniority. He also stated that the staff of the Mech. Deptt. will get
seniority in that grade in the Accounts Deptt. without having to pass any
examination." 4) The document dated 23.11.60 was one relating to
Sub-graduation List of Staff as on 1.9.60. This document gives the seniority
list of Clerks Grade-I and there is one column saying that the appellant was
exempted from appearing in the Appendix-IIA examination.
careful persual of Paragraph 644 (b) of the Manual and the other documents,
extracted above, namely seniority list of the category of CGIS exempting the
appellant from the departmental examination, etc. will support from the
departmental examination, etc. will support the case of the appellant. It is
not in dispute that had the Appellant been exempted from appearing in Appendix
IIA examination, he was entitled to get 4 advance increments as provided in the
Railway Board's letter dated 9.8.1961. Railway Board's letter's paragraphs 1
and 2 are in identical terms with paragraph 644 (a) & (b) of Indian Railway
Establishment Manual. After perusing the documents produced before us, we are
unable to agree with the learned counsel for the respondents that the documents
referred to and relied upon by the learned counsel for the appellant, relate
only to promotion and not to grant of increments. A conjoint reading of the
above referred to documents will show that the appellant was exempted from
appearing in the Appendix IIA examination not only for the purpose of seniority
but also for the purpose of getting four advance increments under the Railway
Board's Letter dated 9.8.61.
result, the appeal succeeds and the respondents are directed to recalculate the
salary of the deceased appellant after giving four increments from 1.5.61 and
also the pensionary benefits. The additional amount now to be paid, as a result
of re-calculation by the respondents, to the legal representatives of the
deceased-appellant, will bear interest at the rate of 12% p.a.
appeal is accordingly allowed with costs, which we quantify at Rs.5,000/-.