K. Mahato Vs. State of Bihar  INSC 392 (6 August 1998)
Nanavati, S.P. Kurdukar Kurdukar, J.
Mahato and Kuldip Kumar Mahato were tried for offences punishable under
Sections 363, 366 and 376 IPC.
trial court found that the evidence adduced by the prosecution could be safely
accepted as truthful and accordingly by its judgment and order dated 7.6.1996
convicted Kuldip mahato - the appellant for offences punishable under sections
363, 366 and 376 IPC and sentenced him to suffer rigorous imprisonment for five
years on first two counts and seven years on third count. Substantive sentences
were ordered to run concurrently. However, Ishwari Mahato was convicted under
section 368 IPC and sentenced him to suffer rigorous imprisonment for five
by the judgment and order of conviction, both the accused preferred an appeal
to the High Court and the High Court by its judgment and order dated July 11,
1997 allowed the appeal filed by Ishwari mahato holding him not guilty and
acquitted him of the said charge. The conviction and sentence of Kuldip kumar Mahato
for the offences punishable under Sections 363, 366 and 376 IPC was upheld.
against these concurrent judgments passed by the courts below, the appellant - Kuldip
kumar Mahato has filed this appeal.
the case of the prosecution that on 11.2.93 at about 1.00 p.m. , Kiran Kumar - (P.W. 3) - prosecutrix was going to a bazar
for purchasing bangles. Kuldip kumar Mahato on seeing her, asked her as to where
she was going. In the meantime, a tempo came form the opposite direction which
was stopped by Kuldip Kumar Mahato - the appellant and forcibly made the prosecutrix
to sit in the said tempo. After sitting in the tempo, Kuldip kumar Mahato
showed the knife to prosecutrix and threatened her to keep quite. It is then
alleged that they got down at Ramgarh and stayed there till 12.2.1993.
then alleged by the prosecution that during the night of 12.2.1993, Kuldip
Kumar Mahato committed the rape on her against her will. On 13.2.93, the
brother of Kuldip Kumar Mahato came to the said village and brought them back
to Maraikhud. Appellant as well as prosecutrix are resident of the same village
and in fact house o the appellant is quite close to the house of prosecutrix.
Both were known to each other well.
the prosecutrix narrated the incident to her father. Thereupon, a complaint was
lodged on 14.2.1993, pursuant to which offence came to be registered against
the appellant and the acquitted accused for the aforesaid offences.
Kumar Mahato denied the charge and claimed to be tried. We need not deal with
the defence of Ishwari Mahato since he has been acquitted by the High Court. It
is against this judgment and order of conviction passed by the High Court, the
appellant after obtaining special leave has filed this Criminal Appeal.
learned counsel for the appellant contended that Dr. Maya shankar Thakur( P.W.
5) who examined the prosecutrix admitted during the cross-examination that her
age might have been between 17 and 18 years at the time of occurrence and if a
margin of error of six months is taken into account, it must be held that the prosecutrix
was above 18 on the date of occurence. We are unable to accept this submission
because Dr. Maya shankar Thakur- (P.W. 2), had emphatically stated that the age
of prosecutrix was below 18 years on the date of occurrence. Both the courts
below found that the age of prosecutrix was below 18 years. After going through
the evidence of Dr. Maya shankar (P.W. 5) and other material on record, we are
of the opinion that this finding needs no Interference.
to the conviction of the appellant under Sections 363 and 366 IPC, it was
contended on behalf of the appellant that the prosecutrix was the consenting
party and she had accompanied the appellant of her own will and, therefore, the
appellant of her own will and, therefore, the appellant cannot be convicted for
the said offences.
as conviction under Section 366 is concerned we find that the evidence of prosecutrix
in the behalf is not conclusive. her evidence does not indicate that the
appellant had kidnapped prosecutrix with the intention to marry with her
against her will or in order that she may be forced to illicit intercourse.
These two vital ingredients for upholding conviction under Section 366 are not
proved and, therefore, the conviction of the appellant under Section 366 cannot
to the conviction under Section 363 IPC, in our opinion, having regard to the
age of the prosecutrix on the date of occurrence being below 18 years as
deposed to by Dr. Maya shankar Thakur (P.W. 2), it will have to be held that
the prosecutrix was a minor on the date of occurrence. If this be so, we will
have to examine whether Kiran Kumari (P.W. 1) was taken away from the lawful
guardianship. Kiran Kumar (P.W. 1) has stated that the appellant had forced her
to sit in the tempo and thereafter at the point of dagger made her to keep quited,
she was very much scared and lost senses for some time. In the meantime, tempo
reached Ramgarh . On this issue, the defence of the appellant is that she
herself came and sat in the tempo and but the fact remains that the appellant
carried her to Ramgarh out of the lawful guardianship. There is no serious dispute
that the prosecutrix was taken tempo to Ramgarh by the appellant. If this be
so, then offence of kidnapping under Section 363 is clearly made out against
the appellant for which he has been rightly convicted for the said offence.
There is no error in the judgments of the courts below in convicting the
appellant under Section 363 IPC.
coming to the conviction of the appellant under Section 376 IPC, although both
the courts below have held after accepting the evidence of prosecutrix being
truthful held that the appellant has forcibly committed the rape, we are of the
opinion that the said fining is unsustainable.
had sufficient opportunity not only to run away from the house at Ramgarh but
she could have also taken the help of neighbours from the said village. The
medical evidence of Dr. Maya shankar Thakur - P.W.2 also indicates that there
were no injuries on the person of the prosecutrix including her private part. her
entire conduct clearly shows that she was a consenting party to the sexual
intercourse and if this be so, the conviction of the appellant under Section
376 IPC cannot be sustained. there is one more additional factor which we must
mention that it is not the case of the prosecutrix that she was put in physical
restraint in the house at Ramgarh, with the result her movements were
restricted. This circumstance also goes to negative the case of forcible
intercourse with the prosecutrix by the appellant.
the forgoing reasons, we partly allow the appeal.
conviction of the appellant for the offence punishable under Section 363 IPC is
upheld. The conviction and sentence of the appellant under Sections 366 and 376
IPC recorded by the courts below are quashed and set aside and the appellant is
acquitted of the said offences. The courts below have awarded sentence of five
years rigorous imprisonment for the offence punishable under Section 363 IPC.
If the appellant has undergone the said sentence, he be released forthwith.
is partly allowed and dispose of in the above terms.