- Cum- Chief Engineer, Chandigarh Vs. Hari Om Sharma & Ors 
INSC 257 (29 April 1998)
Ahmad, K.Venkataswami, S. Rajendra Babu. S. Saghir Ahmad, J.
appeal is directed against the judgment dated 14.12.93 passed by the Central
Administrative Tribunal, Chandigarh (for short, 'the Tribunal').
dispute relates to the promotion on the posts of Junior Engineer- I.
Admittedly, promotion on the posts of Junior Engineer- I are made from amongst
junior Engineers/S.S.Os./meter Inspectors. Since there were three different
feeder posts from which promotions were to be made, the appellant themselves
fixed the respective quotas. 34
percent of the posts were to be filled up by direct recruitment from the open
market from amongst diploma holders. 33 per cent of the posts were to be filled
up by diploma holders linemen already working with the appellant.
33 per cent of the posts were to be filled up from amongst non-diploma holders
linemen/Meter Readers who had put in 10 years of service.
order to make promotions, an integrated seniority list of persons working in
three categories of feeder posts was drawn up and it was from this seniority
list that promotions were made and the quota system was not adhered to view of the
decision of this Court in Punjab State Electricity Board and Anr. vs. Ravinder
Kumar, Sharma & Ors.(1986) 4 SCC 617. It is also stated by the appellant
that 33 per cent quota, meant for non-diploma holders, was quashed by this
Court by its Judgment dated 30th of January, 1987 in Punjab State Electricity
Board Sukhdev Raj Sharma & Ors. JT 1987(1) SC 333. It was after this
Judgment that the recruitment rules were modified and it was provided that the
posts of Junior Engineer-I would be file up, not on the basis of quota, but on
the basis of integrated seniority- cum-merit.
respondent was promoted as Junior Engineer-I in 1990 and has been continuing on
that post without being paid salary for that post or without being promoted on
regular basis. it was in this situation that the respondent approached the
Tribunal and the Tribunal, as pointed out earlier, allowed the claim petition
with the direction that the respondent shall be paid salary for the post of
Junior Engineer-I and shall also be considered for promotion on regular basis
on the basis of quota fixed for non-diploma holders with 10 years of service.
Admittedly, the respondent is the seniormost person in the cadre of non-diploma
holders and has also put in 10 years of service.
decision in Punjab State Electricity Board and Anr. vs. Ravinder Kumar Sharma
& Ors. (supra) was overruled by this Court in T. Murugesan & Ors. vs.
State of Tamil Nadu & Ors. (1993) 2 SCC 340.
It was on this decision that the Tribunal placed reliance and came to the conclusion
that the promotions had still to be made on the basis of quota fixed for three
different feeder categories and not on the basis of integrated seniority
particularly as the classification on the basis of "educational
qualification" was held to be valid by this Court.
Having regard to these facts, we are of the view that the Tribunal was fully
justified in ordering that the respondent shall be promoted on the basis of
"quota" fixed for non-diploma holders with 10 years of service and
not on the basis of integrated seniority. The Tribunal was also justified on
ordering payment of salary to the respondent for the post of Junior Engineer-I
with effect from 1990 when he was made to work on that post. It is true that
the respondent, to begin with, was promoted in stop-gap arrangement as Junior
Engineer-I but that by itself would make no difference to his claim of salary
for that post. If a person is put to officiate on a higher post with greater
responsibilities, he is normally entitled to salary of that post. The Tribunal
has noticed that the respondent has been working on the post of Junior
Engineer-I since 1990 and promotion for such a long period of time cannot be
treated to be a stop-gap arrangement.
Learned counsel for the appellant has placed reliance on Shreedaran Chandra Ghosh
vs. State of Assam & Ors. (1996) 10 SCC 567, as also on State of Haryana
vs. S.M. Sharma & Ors., JT 1993 (3) SC 740, to contend that since the
respondent was promoted on the basis of stop-gap arrangement, he could not claim
promotion as a matter of right nor could be claim salary for the post of Junior
Engineer-I as he was given only current duty charge of the post. Both the
contentions cannot be accepted. The Tribunal has already held that the
respondent having been promoted as Junior Engineer-I, though in stop-gap
arrangement, was continued on that post, and therefore, he has a right to be
considered for regular promotion. Having regard to the facts of this case,
there is no reason to differ with the Tribunal.
Learned counsel for the appellant attempted to contend that when the respondent
was promoted in stop-gap arrangement as Junior Engineer-I, he had given an
undertaking to the appellant that on the basis of stop-gap arrangement, he
would not claim promotion as of right nor would he claim any benefit pertaining
to that post. The argument, to say the least, is preposterous. Apart from the
fact that the Government in its capacity as a model employer cannot be
permitted to raise such an argument, the undertaking which is said to
constitute an agreement between the parties cannot be enforced at law. The
respondent being an employee of the appellant had to break his period of
stagnation although, as we have found earlier, he was the only person amongst
the non-diploma holders available for promotion to the post of Junior
Engineer-I and was, therefore, likely to be considered for promotion in his own
right. An agreement that if a person is promoted to the higher post or put to
officiate on that post or, as in instant case, a stop-gap arrangement is made
to place him on the higher post, he would not claim higher salary or other
attendant benefits would be contrary to law and also against public policy . it
would, therefore, be unenforceable in view of Section 23 of the Contract Act.
the reasons stated above, we find no merit in this appeal which is dismissed
without any order as to costs.