Union Territory, Chandigarh & Ors Vs. Mohinder Singh  INSC 166
(14 February 1997)
JEEVAN REDDY, SUJATA V. MANOHAR B.P.
JEEVAN REDDY, J.
granted. Heard the counsel for the parties.
respondent, a Sub-Inspector of Police in the service of the Administration of
the Union territory of Chandigarh, has been dismissed from service by the Senior
Superintendent of Police, Union Territory, Chandigarh. The Senior Superintendent of Police dispensed with the
enquiry invoking proviso (b) to clause (2) of Article 311 of the Constitution
of India and made the order of dismissal on 5th July, 1991. An appeal preferred by the
respondent was dismissed by the Inspector General of Police on 30th September, 1991 whereupon the respondent approached
the Central Administrative Tribunal, Chandigarh. The Tribunal found, following its earlier order dated June 2, 1995 in O.A.No.232/ch/94 [Baljit Singh
v. Chandigarh Administration], that the ground upon which the Senior
Superintendent has dispensed with the enquiry is not sustainable in law.
Accordingly, the Tribunal quashed the order of dismissal and the appellate
order and directed the administration to reinstate the respondent with all
order of dismissal reads as follows:
R D E R Whereas SI Mohinder Singh No.CHG/1 was holding the post of Sub
Inspector in the Police Department, Union Territory, Chandigarh.
brought to my notice that he indulged in gross misuse of official power and
attempted to extort money from an innocent victim after illegally detaining and
torturing him in the Police Station, which amounts to grave misconduct on the
part of a Police Officer.
Singh, Superintendent of Police, Intelligence, UT, Chandigarh, has also conducted an enquiry
against him for his aforesaid nefarious activities and misdeeds and has
submitted a report which proves the misconduct of I Mohinder Singh NO.CHG/1.
the facts and circumstances of the case, I am satisfied that he has indulged in
gross misuse of official power.
further, I, Sumedh Singh Saini, Senior Superintendent of Police, Union
Territory, Chandigarh, after considering all the facts and circumstances of the
case, am satisfied under sub clause (b) of the proviso to sub-section (2) of
Article 311 of the Constitution of India, that it is not reasonably practicable
to hold an enquiry against SI Mohinder Singh No.CHG/1 for the reasons that the
witnesses cannot come forward freely to depose against him in a regular
therefore, I, Sumedh Singh Saini, Senior Superintendent of Police, Union
Territory Chandigarh, appointing authority of SI Mohinder Singh No.CHG/1,
hereby dismiss him from Government service with immediate effect.
Senior Superintendent of Police UT, Chandigarh SI Mohinder Singh, No.CHG/1, PS North, Chandigarh." The order of dismissal refers to and is based upon
the report of Sri Baldev Singh, Superintendent of Police, Intelligence, Union Territory, Chandigarh. It is, therefore, necessary to
notice the main features of the said Report.
Report says that the respondent arrested one Ranjit Singh from his house at
about 11.45 P.M. on the night intervening 3rd/4th July, 1991 along with two
friends of Ranjit Singh who happened to be in his house at that time, brought Ranjit
Singh to the police station and tortured him mercilessly on the plea that he
was harbouring terrorists.
reported that the respondent was in a drunken condition at that time and that
he was repeatedly asking Ranjit Singh about the whereabouts of a particular
terrorist. The respondent also told Ranjit Singh that he was torturing him at
the instance of his superior officers. He demanded a sum of Rupees sixty
thousand from Ranjit Singh as a condition for releasing him. Ultimately, a sum
of Rupees twenty thousand was paid to the respondent whereafter Ranjit Singh
was released. The Report submits that the ground on which Ranjit Singh was
arrested and tortured was wholly baseless and that it was done with a view to
extort money from him. The last paragraph of the Report is relevant for the
present purposes and reads thus:
may mention that this SI is a terror in the area and in a regular departmental
enquiry no policemen or private man is likely to depose against him. In my
presence he intimidated the complainant, Shri Ranjit Singh who appeared to be
visibly terrified of this Sub Inspector. Also, the 3 guests of Shri Ranjit
Singh, who were also victims of the harassment caused by SI Mohinder Singh,
left Chandigarh immediately on being released as
they were terrified of the Sub Inspector. Before going they told Shri Ranjit
Singh that they would not testify against SI Mohinder Singh because they were
scared of him. As such I am of the opinion that no useful purpose would be
served by initiating any departmental proceeding against him and would
recommend that stern disciplinary action be taken against him.
Superintendent of Police Intelligence, UT, Chandigarh Dt.5.7.91" We are
unable to understand the reasoning of the Tribunal when it says that the reason
given by Senior Superintendent of Police is not sufficient reason for
dispensing with the enquiry under proviso (b) to Article 311 (2). The order of
dismissal recites that "it is not reasonably practicable to hold an
enquiry against SI Mohinder Singh CHG/1 for the reason that the witnesses
cannot come forward freely to depose against him in a regular departmental
enquiry". Clauses (2) and (3) of Article 311, insofar as, they are
relevant read thus:
Dismissal, removal or reduction in rank of persons employed in Civil capacities
under the Union or a State.-- (2) No such person as aforesaid shall be
dismissed or removed or reduced in rank except after an inquiry in which he has
been informed of the charges against him and given a reasonable opportunity of
being heard in respect of those charges.
that where it is proposed after such inquiry, to impose upon him any such
penalty, such penalty may be imposed on the basis of the evidence adduced
during such inquiry and it shall not be necessary to give such person any
opportunity of making representation on the penalty proposed.
further that this clause shall not apply-- (b) where the authority empowered to
dismiss or remove a person or to reduce him in rank is satisfied that for some
reason, to be recorded by that authority in writing, it is not reasonably
practicable to hold such inquiry;
If, in respect of any such person as aforesaid, a question arises whether it is
reasonably practicable to hold such inquiry as is referred to in clause (2),
the decision thereon of the authority empowered to dismiss or remove such
person or to reduce him in rank shall be final." Clause (3) of Article
311, it may be noticed, declares that where a question arises whether it is
reasonably practicable to hold an inquiry as contemplated by clause (2), the
decision of the authority empowered to dismiss such person shall be final on
that question. The Tribunal has not referred to clause (3) at all in its order.
We are not suggesting that because of clause (3), the court or the Tribunal
should completely shut its eyes. Nor are we suggesting that in every case the
court should blindly accept that recital in terms of the said proviso contained
in the order of dismissal. Be that as it may, without going into the question
of extent and scope of judicial review in such a matter, we may look to the
facts of this case. The Superintendent of Police, Intelligence, has reported
that the respondent "is a terror in the area" and, more important, in
his very presence, the respondent "intimidated the complainant Shri Ranjit
Singh who appeared to be visibly terrified of this Sub Inspector". It is
also reported that the other persons who were arrested with Ranjit Singh, and
who were present there, immediately left his office terrified by the threats
held out by the respondent. In such a situation - and keeping in view that all
this was happening in the year 1991 in the State of Punjab - the Senior
Superintendent of Police cannot be said to be not justified in holding that it
is not reasonably practicable to hold an inquiry against the respondent.
M.L. Verma, learned counsel for the respondent, submitted that a similar
allegation was made against the Inspector of Police [superior of the
respondent] but that in his case, proviso (b) to Article 311 (2) was not
invoked. We have seen the Report against the Inspector. We find that the
allegation against him is entirely different. Above all, there is no allegation
that the Inspector held out any threat to Ranjit Singh in the present of the
Superintendent of Police or any other superior officer. The said plea has no
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