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Union of India & Anr Vs. M/S. Murugan Talkies [1995] INSC 830 (12 December 1995)

Ramaswamy, K.Ramaswamy, K.Hansaria B.L. (J)

CITATION: 1996 SCC (1) 504 JT 1995 (9) 633 1995 SCALE (7)309




This appeal by special leave arises from the judgment of the Division Bench of the Madras High Court in W.P. No.12533/86 dated November 24, 1994. The respondent and others challenged the validity of Sections 24 and 25 of Cone Workers and Cinema Theatre Workers (Regulation of Employment) Act (50 of 1981) (for short 'the Act') and the notification of Government of India bearing No.35016 issued by Ministry of Labour on April 30, 1986. The Division Bench while upholding the validity of the Act has given relief to the respondent to pay their share of the contribution w.e.f. the date of judgment dated November 24, 1994.

The Union of India has filed this appeal. The controversy is no longer res integra. This Court in District Exhibitors Association Muzaffarnagar & Ors. v. Union of India & Ors. [(1991) 3 SCC 119] upwells the validity of the provisions and the rules. However, it was held that the employer's contribution should be made effective from the date of the order setting aside the retrospective operation of the notification. It can thus be concluded that from the date of the notification the owners of the Cinema Theatre are liable to contribute their share and also entitle to deduct from the wages of the workmen towards their share of provident fund and to have it credited to the account maintained by the appropriate authority in that behalf.

It is contended for the respondents that the High Court has granted the relief taking into consideration that some workmen had retired and it would be inequitable to deduct from the meagre wages of existing employees with retrospective period. Therefore, the High Court directed deduction of their share from the date of the judgment. It is needless to mention that since some of the workmen have already retired and from some existing workmen deduction from date of enforcement of the notification would cause great hardship to them, so it cannot be made to bear the burden of their contribution with retrospective effect from the date of the notification towards their share of contribution.

To that extent, the order of the High Court is upheld.

As regards the liability of the owners of the theaters who approached the High Court, the operation of the notification had stayed at their instance. We find that the High Court was wholly unjustified in granting the same relief to these owners/licencees. After their writ petitions were dismissed, they were to bear the liability from the date of the enforcement of the notification as held by this Court. It is, therefore, necessary that from the date on which the respective owners of the theaters or the licencees, who had filed the writ petition in the High Court, are made liable to deposit their share of contribution towards provident fund account under the scheme.

We are issuing the order under Article 142 of the Constitution. The order of the High Court to that extent is set aside. The respondent and all the theaters owners are directed to deposit their share of contribution to the provident fund account from the respective dates on which they filed the writ petitions in the High Court. The appellants should intimate all of them the date on which they had filed the writ petitions and call upon them to pay their share of contribution.

The appeal is accordingly allowed to above extent. No costs.



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