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Maniyeri Madhavan Vs. Sub-Inspector of Police [1993] INSC 378 (22 September 1993)

Mohan, S. (J) Mohan, S. (J) Venkatachalliah, M.N.(Cj)

CITATION: 1994 AIR 1033 1994 SCC (1) 536 JT 1993 (5) 375 1993 SCALE (3)864



The Judgment of the Court was delivered by MOHAN, J.- The special leave petition is directed against the order made in Crl. Misc. Petition No. 328 of 1988 before the High Court of Kerala. The respondent herein filed the said Crl. Misc. Petition against the officers of Cannanore Town Police and others alleging criminal assault on his printing press. In that petition he sought a direction to investigate into the matter by an impartial agency.

2.The short facts are: Maniyeri Madhavan is a journalist and is the editor of newspaper by name Sudinam Evening Daily. He complained of an attack on his person and property at the instance of the police officers of the State. The High Court in a writ petition filed by him considered it necessary that the Deputy Inspector General of Police, Northern Range, be directed to look into the complaint of the petitioner making a representation in that behalf. He approached this Court praying for an investigation by the CBI.

+From the Judgment and Order dated April 8, 1989 of the Kerala High Court in Crl. Misc. No. 328 of 1989 537 This Court did not give the direction. However, a direction was given that instead of the Deputy Inspector General, Northern Range, Mr M.G.A. Raman, Deputy Inspector General of Police, Central Range, would supervise the investigation. It was also directed that a case be registered on the basis of representation submitted by the petitioner to Mr Raman and the investigation be completed within a period of two months from the date of the receipt of such representation. Pursuant to this order, the representation was made to Mr Raman by the petitioner. Mr Raman did not complete the investigation within the time- frame. On March 11, 1991 the Government of Kerala filed an application seeking extension of time and certain directions consequent upon Mr Raman ceasing to be inching of the investigation. At this stage, the petitioner moved this Court on March 13, 1992 praying that the earlier order entrusting the investigation to the State Police be withdrawn and the matter be investigated by the CBI. On September 3, 1992 this Court directed the Home Secretary to file an affidavit mentioning the stage of the investigation and also to specify the names of officers of the rank of Inspectors General of Police, who could be entrusted with the investigation, if need arose. The Home Secretary ignored the order. He asked the Under Secretary to file an affidavit. This Court took serious notice of this and passed the following order:

"We are afraid, in this case the officers concerned of the State seem to manifest a disturbing degree of indifference. We take serious note of these lapses. Apart from considering as to which agency should now investigate this serious offence alleged against the State Police by a journalist, we would also like the State Government to explain why Mr Raman who was in the midst of the investigation, was relieved and sent on deputation without the orders of this Court.

In the meanwhile, the principal accused, the Superintendent of Police, has been elevated as a Deputy Inspector General of Police. Mr Raman himself will have to explain as to why he did not complete the investigation in time; allowed time to lapse and according to the petitioner, of allowing evidence to be lost with ulterior motives and abandon the supervision of the investigation. These lapses in the investigation seem to lend credence to the grievance of the petitioner that Mr Raman himself, being a State Police Officer, has not been able to distance himself from the interests of these accused of high- handedness against the petitioner. The Home Secretary will explain why he did not obey the orders of this Court dated September 3, 1992 which expressly directed him to file an X X affidavit.

We direct the Home Secretary, State of Kerala, Mr Raman the then Deputy Inspector General of Police (now working as the Vigilance Officer of the Hotel Corporation of India) and the Chief Secretary representing the State, to show cause why action should not be taken against them for the lapses and omissions in obeying the orders of this Court. The Home Secretary as also Mr Raman will appear personally before this Court while the Chief Secretary may be represented by his 538 counsel. Notices in the appropriate form shall issue to them for proceedings of contempt of court."

3. Regarding the grievance of the petitioner it was ordered thus:

"In the meanwhile, the interests of the petitioner have suffered. His travails in pursuit of an honest investigation of his serious grievance against the police officers of the State have not ended. He has been running from pillar to post to have his serious grievance that the Superintendent of Police virtually destroyed his Press, investigated. We think the least that we should do for him immediately is to compensate him in terms of costs for his being compelled to approach the Court repetitively for relief.

We direct the State of Kerala to pay to the petitioner a sum of Rs 10,000 towards costs, now tentatively assessed, in addition to whatever damages that may be determined finally.

This matter be called on October 13, 1992.

The Home Secretary and Mr Raman, the then Deputy Inspector General of Police (now Vigilance Officer, Hotel Corporation of India) shall be present in Court personally on that day.

Since it appears appropriate that the conduct and progress of the investigation of the case is such as not to inspire confidence, we recall the operative part of our order dated December 22, 1989 and direct the CBI to investigate the complaint of the petitioner, complete the investigation and make a report to this Court within four months from today.

All the records of the investigation including the representation filed by the petitioner before Mr Raman shall be transferred by the State to the CBI promptly for further action." (emphasis supplied) 4.Pursuant to this the CBI have filed its investigation report dated May 5, 1993. We will extract the relevant portions of the report:

"During investigation evidence has been collected to show that prior to his arrest Shri Madhavan had published several news items in his evening daily critical of police activity. This seems to have enraged the District Police Administration in general and accused 8, the then SP of the District, in particular, as some personal attacks were also made. The Police were waiting for an opportunity to get him. They got their chance when he published in his newspaper on February 2, 1988 the name, parentage, caste and other details of a rape victim, Kumari Manja, daughter of Chandu, an adivasi girl hailing from Thirunelli, Wayanad District, Kerala.

The Police managed to procure a complaint typed against Shri Madhavan in the name of the rape victim and her parents and got their thumb impressions on the same alleging that the publication of the identity of the rape victim and her parents, had caused them pain and loss of prestige. On receipt of this complaint through SP/Wayanad, accused 8, ordered registration of a case against Shri Madhavan in Kannur Town Police Station. Crime No. 50 of 1988 was registered by A-1 on February 12, 1988 at 14.30 hours under Section 228-A IPC and 7(1)(d) of Protection of Civil Rights Act. On the same 539 day in the evening a police party consisting of accused 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 17 and 18 went to the office of Sudinam and arrested Shri Madhavan. They did not reveal the grounds his arrest though asked for. They took him in the police jeep driven by A-17 through a circuitous route to Kannur Police Station and enroute they manhandled him. Accused-6 followed the jeep in the personal Contessa car of A-8.

At the Police Station the body search of Shri Madhavan was conducted by A-1 and he was put in the lock-up. The Prisoner's Search Register of Kannur Town Police Station has a forged signature of Shri Madhavan, purported to have been put by him at the time of his body search. Since, in the meanwhile, news of his arrest was known in the town, his colleagues and relatives went to the Police Station to get him released on bail. However, they were chased out by A- 1 and party. Three of them then personally met A-8 and pleaded for bail, but they were also rebuffed. Shri Madhavan was produced before the local Magistrate in the early hours of next day and he complained to the Magistrate of the ill treatment at the hands of Police. The Magistrate recorded a separate complaint, but did not take any further action. He ordered his release on bail on personal bond.

There are 3 witnesses who were passing on the road at that time and heard Madhavan's cries from the jeep. There are no eyewitnesses to prove beating of the complainant while in police custody. However, there are a number of witnesses who had seen him in the Police Station with bleeding injuries on the lips.

When produced before the Magistrate at about 4.30 a.m. on February 13, 1988 he had complained to the Magistrate about the police beating and the Magistrate had recorded his complaint and also observed the blood stains on the shirt. The Medical Officer who treated him in the Hospital has also said that he was complaining of pain all over the body and had an abrasion on the upper lip. It is also in his evidence that the SP i.e. accused 8 had tried to put pressure on the Medical Officer to get the person discharged from the Hospital.

After he was arrested, as many as six persons, all respectable journalists and an advocate, had gone to the Police Station to get Madhavan released on bail. They were driven out by the police on the ground that the SP had instructed them not to release him on bail. Three of them had gone to meet the SP personally in his office for the same purpose, but their request was not accepted. It has also come out in the evidence that the SP had remained in the office till late in the night and was monitoring the progress in the matter of his arrest and the investigation.

This has come out in the evidence of several eyewitnesses including the, Sub-Divisional Police Officer and one SI, who'were not parties to the ill-treatment of the journalist.

Accused 4 and 5 were working directly under the control of the SP, accused 8. With a view to concealing their involvement which would 540 indirectly point towards involvement of the SP, the records of the Armed Reserve Camp at Kannur were tampered with and new page was substituted in the General Diary to show as if these two policemen were present in the camp. The fact that the page was changed has been proved by the evidence of the Superintendent of the Government Press where the said diary had been printed. There are other interpolations in the GD to show the presence of these persons in the AR camp. These interpolations have been done by A- 14, 15 and 16 at the instance of A-8.

The evidence collected reveals the commission of offences of criminal conspiracy, voluntarily causing hurt, wrongful confinement, in attempt to wrongfully confine a person, mischief causing damage, forgery and causing disappearance of evidence of offence, including giving false information to screen offender, which are punishable under Section 120-B read with 323, 342, 357, 427, 465 and 201 IPC.

Considering all these aspects, it has been decided that A- 1, A-2, A-3, A-4, A-5, A-6, A-8, A- 14, A- 1 5, A- 1 6, A- 1 7 and A- 1 8 be prosecuted for offences under Section 120-B read with 323, 342, 357, 427, 465 and 201 IPC, after getting the sanction of the Government of Kerala under Section 197(i)(b) and if necessary under Section 197(3) of CrPC." 5.Before us it was argued on behalf of the petitioner- journalist that the report may be accepted and the matter be proceeded with before the appropriate forum.

6.Learned counsel for the respondent would urge that the case has been developed by the petitioner from stage to stage when 2 FIRs are properly scrutinised. A mere cut on the lip, has been magnified and made much of. Then again, the petitioner would take advantage of the differences between the police officer and his wife and go to the extent of citing his wife as a witness on his behalf. This clearly exhibits his vengeful attitude. In view of all this, the trial could not be held. This Court which directed the report from CBI can always say that no trial need take place and protect the police officers.

7.Further argument was that the Delhi Special Police Establishment cannot investigate into the matter unless the Government of Kerala accords consent for the exercise of powers under Section 6 of Delhi Special Police Establishment Act.

8.We have given our careful consideration to the above submissions. We do not think we can come to the rescue of the police officers. Whether they are guilty or not of the offences for which they are charged is a matter to be established in a criminal trial. Therefore, we refrain from making any observation.

9.As regards jurisdiction of the members of the Delhi Special Police Establishment, we do not think the procedure under Section 6 need be followed where this Court exercises jurisdiction under Article 142 of the Constitution. Even otherwise, we find a notification has been issued by Government of Kerala to the following effect:

541 "GOVERNMENT OF KERALA HOME (F) DEPARTMENT Notification No. 8021/Fl/92/Home Thiruvananthapuram, Dated October 3, 1992 In pursuance of the provisions of Section 6 of the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946 (Central Act 25 of 1946), the Government of Kerala hereby accord consent to the extension of powers and jurisdiction of the members of the Delhi Special Police Establishment in the whole of the State of Kerala for investigation of the complaint of Shri Maniyeri Madhavan, Editor, Sudinam Daily Kannur as ordered by the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India in their order dated September 24, 1992 in SLP No. 2755 of 1988.

(By order of the Governor) Sd/- C.P. Nair Commr. & Secretary to Government Explanatory Note (This does not form part of the notification, but is intended to indicate its general purport).

The Hon'ble Supreme Court of India, in their order dated September 24, 1992, in SLP No. 2755 of 1988 has directed the Central Bureau of Investigation to investigate the complaint of Shri Maniyeri Madhavan, Editor, Sudinam Daily, Kannur against the attacks made on him and his property allegedly at the instigation of certain police officers of the State of Kerala, and to submit a report within four months. Hence this notification." 10.All that this Court has to do is to merely record the report and let the law take its course. The special leave petition is ordered on the above terms.


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