Dilip Motghare Vs. Bhide Girls' Education Society Nagpur  INSC 35 (22 January 1993)
Kasliwal, N.M. (J) Kasliwal, N.M. (J) Singh N.P. (J)
1994 AIR 1917 1995 SCC Supl. (1) 157
review petition has been filed against our judgment dated 27-11-1992 passed in Civil Appeal No. 2193 of 1989 entitled Bhide
Girls' Education Society v. Education Officer, Zila Parishad, Nagpur1.
the above decision we had held that in the case of Chakradhar Paswan (Dr) v. State
of Bihar2 the decision in Arati Ray Choudhury v. Union of India3 had been
distinguished and it has been squarely laid down that if there was only one
post in the cadre, there could be no reservation under Article 16(4) of the
Constitution. We had noted that after the aforesaid decision in Dr Chakradhar
case, the Government of Maharashtra had also issued a circular letter dated
1-3-1989 in which it was laid down that in view of the law laid down in Dr Chakradhar
Paswan case2 if a reservation is made for a single post in the beginning of the
year for the purpose of filling up the same in future, by way of promotion,
that will be unconstitutional. It was also laid down in the circular that the
principle of reservation would not apply in the case of an isolated post.
petitioner in the review petition has contended that there is a judgment of a
three-Judge Bench in CA No. 242 of 1992. Vidyulata Arvind Kakade v. Digambar Gyanba
Surwase dated 17-1-1992 in which a view has been taken that
the reservation applies in case of an isolated post also. It has further been
pointed out in the review petition that in the aforesaid decision of three
Judges, the judgment of the Constitution Bench in Arati Ray Choudhury v. Union
of India3 has been maintained.
find no force in the above contentions raised in the review petition. A perusal
of the order of the three-Judge Bench in Vidyulata case (supra) shows that
there is only a mention that both the cases i.e. Arati Ray Choudhury v. Union
of India3 as well as Dr Chakradhar Paswan v. State of Bihar2 had been perused but no opinion was
expressed that Chakradhar Paswan case (Dr)2 was not correctly decided. It was
also mentioned in the above case decided by the three- Judge Bench that no copy
of the writ petition had been filed and thus in the facts and circumstances of
the case they declined to interfere with the decision of the High Court.
we are clearly of the view that Dr Chakradhar Paswan case2 holds the field and
the decision by the three-Judge Bench dated 17-1-1992 does not lay down any law
and is not an authority for holding that the principle of reservation has to be
applied in case of even one isolated post also.
from the above circumstances in the case before us, the Government of Maharashtra
had also issued a circular dated 1-3-1989 after the decision in Dr Chakradhar Paswan case2 to the effect that the
principle of reservation would not apply in the case of an isolated post. In
these circumstances, we find no force in this review petition and it is