Laxman Padule Vs. Trimbak Wasudeo Kulkarni & Ors  INSC 20 (18 January 1989)
L.M. (J) Sharma, L.M. (J) Ojha, N.D.
1989 AIR 995 1989 SCR (1) 238 1989 SCC Supl. (1) 305 JT 1989 (1) 297 1989 SCALE
Tenancy and Agricultural Lands Act, 1948: Sec- tions 32A, 32G, 32P, 63 and
84C--Purchase of land by person who holds land in excess of ceiling
area--Validity of such purchase.
appellants are the heirs of one A who was the tenant of the land in question
for about three decades before the Bombay Tenancy and Agricultural Land Act,
1948 was enacted.
he was entitled to purchase the land on satisfaction of certain conditions, it
was admitted before the authori- ties that he did not satisfy the conditions.
The landlords claimed possession of the land. A was already possessed of land
beyond the ceiling area prescribed by Sec. 32A of the Act and he, therefore,
did not claim to have purchased the land in accordance with the provisions of
the Act. Since in such cases. Sec. 32P provides that the former tenant would be
summarily evicted and the land would be surrendered to the landlord, the land
in question went to the landlords.
appellants claimed that on a partition in the family of the landlords the land
in question was allotted to some of the respondents and A purchased the same
for Rs. 3000 on 3.6.1960. It was contended that the land-holding of A was
within the ceiling area following the partition in 1959 between him and his
the sale of the land and without impleading the appellants, the respondents
moved the authorities in 1963 for recognising their claim. The Agricultural
Land Tribunal and the Additional Mamlatdar upheld the claim of the respondents,
relying on an enquiry under Section 32G, wherein the right of A as a tenant was
negatived. the appel- lants filed an appeal before the collector, who remanded
the matter to the Mamlatdar. The Additional Mamlatdar observed that since the
tenant had purchased the land from the land- lords, the proceeding was fit to
be dropped and it would be appropriate to deal with the case under Section 84C
which provided holding of an enquiry to decide the validity of the transfer.
After such enquiry the Agricultural Lands Tribunal held that the purchase made
on 3.6.1960 by A was lawful and upheld the claim of the appellants. This was
confirmed on appeal and one of the respondents filed a revision applica- tion before
the 239 Revenue Tribunal. The Tribunal held that the land owned by A did not belong
to the joint family and his sons had no share therein and so the alleged
partition could not be accepted or recognised. And in 1960, A was possessed of
land beyond the ceiling area and was not entitled to purchase further land from
respondents. The appellant moved the High Court under Article 227 of the
Constitution. The High Court re- jected the petition. This appeal, by Special
Leave, is against the High Court's Judgment.
The ban on transfers which may affect the ceiling law is more severe under the
Bombay Tenancy and Agricultural Lands Act, 1948. Sec. 63 directs that no sale
of land shall be valid in favour of a person who will, after such sale, hold
land exceeding two-thirds of the ceiling area deter- mined under the Maharashtra
Agricultural Lands (Ceiling on Holdings) Act, 1961. The fact that on the death
of A in 1962 his earlier holdings were inherited by his heirs and the
respective holdings, therefore, came below the ceiling area, is immaterial
because the disputed land was purchased by A himself in 1960. It has to be
remembered that, as has been held by the Revenue Tribunal, the other lands
exclusively belonged to A and exceeded the ceiling area. The sale on 3.6.1960
must, therefore, be held to be illegal and inopera- tive. [241G-H; 242A]
APPELLATE JURISDICTION: Civil Appeal No. 950 (N) of 1973.
the Judgment and Order dated 2.8.1972 of the Bombay High Court in Special Civil
Application No. 2826 of 1969.
Misra, P.H. Parekh and Ms. Sunita Sharma for the Appellants.
V .N. Ganpule
and V.D. Khanna for the Respondents.
Judgment of the Court was delivered by SHARMA, J. The subject matter of this
appeal is 13.30 acres of land in Sholapur District, within the State of Maharashtra. The appellants are the heirs of
one Mugaji Laxman Padule, who was the tenant of the land for about 3 decades
before the Bombay Tenancy and Agricultural Land Act, 1948 (hereinafter referred
to as the Act) was 240 enacted. Under the provisions of the Act, Mugaji was enti-
tled to purchase the land on satisfaction of certain condi- tions. Admittedly
he did not satisfy these conditions and said so before the authorities
concerned. The landlords who are now represented by the respondents, were
claiming pos- session of the area under the Act. Mugaji, subsequently, made a
claim to the Land on another basis. On his death in 1962, his heirs the
appellants were substituted. The matter was considered by several authorities
under the Act, who ultimately rejected the appellants' case. The appellants,
thereafter moved the Bombay High Court by an application under Article 227 of
the Constitution of India, which was rejected by the impugned judgment.
procedure for the tenant to purchase the land is laid down in Sec. 32G of the
Act. It enjoins the Agricultur- al Land Tribunal constituted under Sec. 67 to
publish a public notice calling upon the tenants, the landlords and any other
interested person to appear before it on a speci- fied date. The Tribunal is
also required to issue individual notices to the landlords and the tenants, and
thereafter to decide the competing cases. Sec. 32A limits the right of a tenant
holding other Lands to such area only which will raise his holding to the
extent of the ceiling area. Admit- tedly Mugaji was already possessed of lands
beyond the ceiling area and he, therefore, did not claim to have pur- chased
the land in accordance with the provisions of the Act. In a situation where a
tenant is not able to success- fully claim the land, it has to be disposed of
in the manner provided in Sec. 32P, which states that the former tenant would
be summarily evicted and the land would be surrendered to the landlord. In the
present case the land in question, thus, went to the landlords. According to
the case of the appellants, on a partition in the family of the landlords the
disputed land was allotted to the share of the respond- ents 2 to 4 and Mugaji
purchased the same for a sum of Rs. 3,000 from them on 3.6.1960. The appellants
alleged that by this date, i.e., 3.6.1960 the land held by Mugaji was within
the ceiling area following a partition between him and his sons on 13.10.1959.
respondents moved the authorities under the Act in 1963 for recognising their
claim. They did not implead the appellants and suppressed the fact of the sale
on 3.6.1960 in favour of Mugaji. The Agricultural Lands Tribu- nal and
Additional Mamlatdar relying on the enquiry under Sec. 32G, wherein the right
of Mugaji as a tenant was nega- tived, upheld the claim of the present
respondents by his order dated 28.4.1963. When the appellants learnt about it,
they filed an appeal before the Collector. They also chal- lenged the earlier
order 241 passed against Mugaji under Sec. 32G. The Collector remanded the
matter on 25.9.1963. The Additional Mamlatdar by his order dated 8.2. 1964
observed that since the tenant had purchased the suit land from the landlords,
the proceeding was fit to be dropped and it was appropriate to deal with the
case under Sec. 84C of the Act. Sec. 84C states that in respect of a transfer
of any land made after 1955 if the Mamlatdar has reason to believe that the
transfer was in- valid on account of any of the provisions of the Act, he would
issue notice and hold an enquiry and decide whether the transfer is invalid or
not. In 1965 a further order was passed in the case wherein the Agricultural
Lands Tribunal held the purchase by Mugaji on 3.6.1960 as lawful and upheld the
claim of the appellants. The order was upheld in appeal, and the respondent No.
3 filed a revision application before the Revenue Tribunal. It was contended on
behalf of the present appellants that after the partition between Mugaji and
his sons in 1959 the area held by him came below the ceiling level and he was,
thus. entitled to purchase the land on 3.6. 1960. The Maharashtra Revenue Tribunal held that the land
owned by Mugaji did not belong to the joint family and his sons had no share
therein, and the alleged partition, therefore, could not be accepted or recognised.
result is that even in 1960, Mugaji was possessed of land beyond the ceiling
area and he was not entitled to purchase further land from the respondents 2 to
4. Thus, having lost the case, the appellants moved the Bombay High Court, and
their application was rejected by a short judg- ment passed on 2.8. 1972 which
is under challenge in this appeal by Special Leave.
learned counsel for appellants contended that the High Court was in error in
assuming that the claim of the appellants was based on the right of Mugaji
under Sec. 32G of the Act in the capacity of a tenant; and also in relying on
Sec. 10 of the Maharashtra Agricultural Lands (Ceiling on Holdings) Act, 1961.
The learned counsel appears to be right but for this reason the appellants can
not succeed. The ban on transfers which may affect the ceiling law is more
severe under the Bombay Tenancy and Agricultural Lands Act, 1948.
63 directs that no sale of land shall be valid in favour of a person who will
after such sale hold land ex- ceeding two-thirds of the ceiling area determined
under the Maharashtra Agricultural lands (Ceiling on Holdings) Act, 1961. The
fact that on the death of Mugaji in 1962 his earlier holdings were inherited by
his heirs and the respec- tive holdings, therefore, came below the ceiling area
is immaterial, because the disputed land was purchased by Mugaji himself in
1960. It has to be remembered that, as has been held by the Revenue Tribunal,
the other 242 lands exclusively belonged to Mugaji and exceeded the ceil- ing
area. The sale on 3.6.1960 must, therefore, be held to be illegal and
inoperative. Consequently, the appellants must lose although for slightly
different reasons than those given by the High Court. The appeal is accordingly
dismissed but in the circumstances without costs.
Appeal dis- missed.